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Orenburg State University october 28, 2021 RU/EN
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№ 72011

Philosophical sciences

Gorokhov P.A. REFLECTIONS OF DAVID HUME The article discusses some of the features of the philosophical doctrine of David Hume, which are particularly relevant in the modern era. The author concludes that the main attraction of Hume's philosophy is its anthropological focus. The thinker developed purely secular conception of human beings. Not only the deepest roots of the "philosophy of life" are grown from the legacy of Hume's pretty but modern psychology and ethics too. Key words: cognition, perception, impression, the principle of ideas association, philosophy of history, empiricism, "philosophical intoxication".
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Baranova O.M. EMPIRICAL HEDONIST D. HUME AND HIS IDEA ABOUT A LOVE AFFECT IN HUMAN NATURE The author explores the significance of the theory of indirect moral sentiments by D.Hume, first of all love and hate, highlighting the affect of love or sexual love, as a representation of it, anticipating its understanding in world philosophy, and has had a tremendous impact on the concept of love and sex as empirical components of human nature and its unity with the spiritual principle. Key words: empiricism, love affect, sex, human nature, personality.
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Boguslavskaya S.M. DIALOGUE IN WORKS OF M.M. BAKHTIN The article is devoted to the idea of dialogue in works of the Great Russian philosopher of the twentieth century M.M.Bakhtin. Dialogue is considered as a factor of determination of a personality and characteristic of humanitarian perception. Key words: culture, personality, dialogue, dialogism, "I" and the other, the methodology of humanitarian perception.
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Gorokhov P.A. PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS IN FICTION BY HERBERT WELLS The article considers the key philosophical ideas, which served as the basis of the great science fiction novels of H.Wells. Wells was the founder of social-anthropological fiction, as he foresaw many narrative passages of human history and future global challenges of the modern era, creating a new type of novel in which the philosophical reflections on human nature and its future are intertwined with action-action. Key words: social and anthropological science fiction, social inequality, dystopia, cyclic and linear concepts of time, hypothetical and categorical imperatives, the responsibility of the scientist, evolution.
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Demchenko L.M., Zakirova T.V. THE PROBLEM OF THE INTERACTION OF TECHNICAL AND SOCIAL IN THE FORMATION OF "SIMULATION REALITY" AS A WAY OF HUMAN BEING IN PHILOSOPHY BY J.BAUDRILLARD Article is devoted to the concept of simulation reality by J.Baudrillard. View of the ontological status of simulation reality, its origins and dependence on modern technology is considered in this work. The concepts of "simulacrum" and "hyperreality," as the phenomena of reality simulation are analyzed. Key words: simulacrum, hyperreality, postmodernism, virtual reality, changed form.
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Zakirova T.V., Kashin V.V. SYMBOLISM OF DISCOURSE BY JEAN BAUDRILLARD This article is dedicated to identifying intellectual origins of the concept of Jean Baudrillard. Simulacrum is the central character of Baudrillard's discourse, without which it is impossible to clarify his views on the systematization of the role of consumption in the Western world. Key words: symbolic exchange, simulacrum, a consumer society.
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Zakharov D.V. ABOUT THE SUBJECT-OBJECT APPROACH TO THE HISTORY OF NATIVE PHILOSOPHY OF THE XXCENTURY The possibility of applying the method of subject-object paradigm of the historical and philosophical process for describing the modern period of new philosophy development in the unity of the dynamics of philosophical rationality in the twentieth century. Key words: the problem of subject and object, the native (Russian) philosophy of the twentieth century, subject-object paradigm of the historical and philosophical process, classical philosophical rationality, non-classical philosophical rationality.
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Kolomiets G.G. MUSICAL AESTHETICS OF EURASIANS The article is devoted to musical aesthetics of the Eurasians, views on art and music from the point of view of aesthetics and politics by P.Suvchinsky, A.Lurie, B.Dukelsky. In the musical-aesthetic materials of the period of Eurasian Movement the author sees the features which interface with the challenges of today's world. Key words: aesthetics, music, art, music aesthetics, philosophy of music, aesthetics and politics, modernism and modernity, Eurasian, P.P.Suvchinsky, A.S.Lurie, V.A.Dukelsky, I.F.Stravinsky.
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Pavlovich P.O. ANTHROPOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY IN PHILOSOPHICAL SYSTEM OF THOMAS HOBBES Meaning of national security is actualized in the process of nation building. That's it, from the poin of view of Thomas Hobbes, is the root cause of the state. In this regard, relationship between a person and the state at realization of the principles of national security in the system of state reflection are interested in. Key words: state; anthropology of national security, state reflection, human security, subject-object approach, natural rights, mathematical method; anthropology of a person; reductionism, interpersonal relationships, free will, the natural state of people, each with every war, paradigm of the state collapse; manipulation of consciousness: the national ideology, logical positivism.
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Pisarchik L.Yu. PRINCIPAL ASPECTS OF THE METHODOLOGY OF HUMANITARIAN PERCEPTION IN THE WORK "INTRODUCTION INTO SCIENCES OF SPIRIT" BY V.DILTHEY Science, which embodies the specifics of humanitarian perception, according to V.Dilthey, is history, and that it bears the traits that distinguish the natural sciences from humanities. Humanitarian basis of perception is the whole man, his vital link with the world and other individuals, a new historical consciousness and senses, understands in the "sciences of spirit" with way of understanding. Key words: critique of historical reason, rationale, metaphysics, history, life, natural science, science of spirit, understanding.
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Pisarchik T.P. APOLLON GRIGORIEV: LIFE AGAINST THEORY The author of the article considers the general philosophical principles of organic criticism, founded by Apollon Grigoriev. Organic criticism is contrasted by Grigoriev to historical criticism dominanted in the middle of the XIXcentury, and closely related to the philosophy of Hegel. Organic criticism has its roots in the philosophy of Schelling, who saw a means of expression of life is just art. The same view on the role of art is developing the Russian thinker. Key words: organic theory, organic criticism, science of soil, historical criticism, life, art, theory, romanticism.
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Shmelev V.D. IDEAS OF FRANCIS BACON IN THE KANT'S ETIQUOTHEOLOGY Kant's etiquotheology at its origin has been influenced with the theoretical constructs of the various European philosophers. Among them a prominent role belongs to the British thinkers. Theological dialing of British Wisdom, starting with Francis Bacon and ending with D.Hume, helped to create original philosophical and theological concept to Koenigsberg educator in a religious building at the 60s of the XVIIIcentury. Based on the ideas expressed by them, especially the ideas of Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant suggested religion to the world within just a reason. Key words: etiquotheology, religion, science, God, Secularization, learning the Supreme Being, the Holy Book.
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Alibaev A.A., Lukyanov A.V. PHYSICAL AND SPIRITUAL SPACE OF HEALTH AS A FORM OF HUMAN SELF-REALIZATION The article deals with the relationship and anthropologic dichotomy of body and spirit in the context of self-realization of the essential powers of a person. Key words: anthropology, body, spirit, self-actualization.
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Voropayeva J.P. THE PROBLEM OF ETHICS NONVIOLENCE IN CONDITIONS OF GLOBALIZATION The article deals with topical issues of ethics of nonviolence in the context of globalization. Revealed that human dignity as the main condition for the idea of nonviolence is a perspective of human development in the context of the flow of global processes. On this basis, concludes that moral relations are not necessary and fundamental in the new historical conditions. Key words: human dignity, nonviolence, globalization.
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Dolgov A.M., Dolgov M.A. DETERMINISTI-REQUIRED CONCEPTION OF PHILOSOPHY OF ESSENCE OF LIVE AND HAPPINESS In article the philosophical ground base essence of a life, sense of life nature of necessiy how sentes that sense and happiness. Together with criticism of system of nacessity of Maslou, let property own classification of multiform necessity.
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Kondratiev E.A. FRAGMENTARY ART STRUCTURE: AESTHETIC AND INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES TO THE INTERPRETATION The subject of this article is the review of a number of contemporary methodological approaches to the study of art structures. In particular, the author investigates the role of a constructive and creative role of a part, a fragment, a figurative element, a singular sign within the limits of art unit. This analysis applies primarily to the material of art of the twentieth century, however, retrospection in the field of classical art admits. Key words: fragment, structure, sign, ambivalence, connotation, reference, interpretation.
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Lisina E.A. TO THE QUESTION OF MECHANISMS OF TRANSITION: SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT This article is devoted to the theme of initiatory practices in the past and present time. The author necessitates address to the experience of the archaic rituals of initiation for contemporary culture, as they contain the machinery worked for centuries to maintain social and psychological stability at crisis moments. Key words: initiation, rites of passage, globalization, tradition, plot, psychological technics, psychodrama, ritual, socialization, myth.
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Lukiyanov A.V., Faizullin A.F. AESTHETIC CULTURE IN THE DYNAMICS OF DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN ESSENTIAL FORCES Article is devoted to a comprehensive review, implementation and realization of the human essential forces from the position of modern social anthropology.Key words: anthropology of a person, culture, aesthetics.
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Lyubichankovskiy A.V., Lyubichankovskiy V.A. CULTURAL SPACE OF THE REGION IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY This article contains a brief analysis of general approaches of different sciences to the understanding of cultural space (geography, science of culture, etc.). Key words: geographical space, cultural space, a space of cultural heritage.
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Signayevskaya O.R. CIVILIZATIONAL IDENTITY AS THE PROBLEM OF MODERN EDUCATION In the article we consider the theory of civilizations in two modern directions— materialistic and cultural and historic as the problem of cultural differences in conditions of the globalization in frames of the development of modern education. We offer the ways to decide the problems of remaining cultural differences by means of forming civilizational identity in the organization and the content of education. Particularly we keenly point the problem which rises in front of the organization of the space of Russia.Key words: civilizational identity, religion, globalization, the theory of civilizations, national idea, paradigm, the philosophy of education, cultural differences, social and cultural approach, education.
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Tarasova M.V. CULTURE AS A SYSTEM: RESEARCH TRENDS This article is devoted to identifying and analyzing key research positions with respect to both the nature of the elements comprising the system of culture, and structural regularities of the system. The text identifies a number of typical characteristics in determining the elements of system of culture. The existing models of culture structuring as a system are analyzed in this work. The author established correlation zone of analyzed concepts and documented general trends of systematic study of culture inherent in the modern humanities. Key words: culture, system, component, material, spiritual.
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Khadzharov M.Kh. SOCIOLOGY OF CONFESSIONAL-CULTURAL RELATIONS: TOLERANCE AS A BASIS FOR DIALOGUE OF RELIGIOUS CONSCIOUSNESS The article deals with the problems of transformation of culture in general and religious culture in particular in relation to contemporary processes of globalization of the world community. In the context of these processes cultural changes in the ethnic entities and in the religious consciousness are conceptualized. The idea of the necessity of dialogue between confessions on the basis of the principle of tolerance in the name of preserving the integrity of state and society is carried in this work. Key words: integrity of Russia, historical consciousness, globalization, integration, religious confessions, religious consciousness, ethno-confessional conflict, the deformation of cultural values, national and ethnic cultures, cultural identity, ethnic crisis of culture, tolerance, dialogue of religious cultures.
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Yakovleva E.L. MYTH AS A SYMBOLIC FORM OF CULTURE: A VIEW FROM TRADITIONS AND THE PRESENT The article deals with the myth as a symbolic form of culture. Symbol is born in the myth and it serves a mandatory attribute, revealing something higher. Structural and semantic specificity of the myth is analyzed, based on the philosophy of E.Cassirer, in three main directions— as a form of thought, as a form of contemplation, as a form of life. This allows you to look at the myth from the position of tradition and the present. Key words: myth as a symbolic form, symbol, myth as a form of thought, myth as a form of contemplation, myth as a form of life, space, time, totemism, mana, glamor.
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Batezhenko V.V. CONTRADICTION OF FREEDOM AND NECESSITY IN THE STRUCTURE OF CREATIVE ACTIVITY The essence of the contradiction between freedom and necessity in the structure of creative activity is regarded as an important problem of ontology and epistemology in this paper. The essence of creativity is defined as a process whose content appears resolution of the conflict between freedom and necessity, a measure of creative nature and potential of the practice through the contradiction between freedom and necessity is revealed, the degree of implementation and development of creativity practice is determined. Key words: freedom, necessity, creativity, conflict, essence, practice, potential.
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Gabdullin I.R. METAPHYSICAL FOUNDATIONS IN UNDERSTANDING OF PREJUDICES AS A FORM OF COGNITIVE-VALUE INTERACTIONS IN THE STRUCTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS The main subject of this paper is theoretical and methodological understanding of the concept of "prejudice" within the limits of special and philosophical analysis. Also the author touches upon some of the philosophical and psychological aspects of the study of prejudice as a phenomenon of human consciousness and outlines the prospects for change in perception of prejudice in the context of the prior knowledge. Key words: metaphysical foundations, metaphysical assumptions, premise, prior knowledge, prejudice, values, attitudes.
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Zakharova E.V. ONTOLOGICAL HUMAN DEFICIENCY The article is devoted to the problem of deficiency in human life. Deficiency is regarded as a chronic lack of something within the boundaries of self-identification. The notion of ontological deficiency as under-determined being to the whole is introduce in this work. The possibility of correcting the ontological deficiency by bringing a person into contact with transcendence is discussed. Key words: ontological deficiency, correction, existence, transcendence, wholeness, border.
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Maksimova V.A. NORMS AS A LIMIT DEFINING BORDERS OF SCIENTIFIC-COGNITIVE ACTIVITY The article is dedicated to a study of phenomenon of norm as a limit defining borders of scientific-cognitive activity. The author shows that norms provide by development of scientific knowledge reflecting its stability and variability. Key words: norm, border, deviation, scientific knowledge.
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Nurullin R.A. METAPHYSICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE PICTURE OF THE WORLD Modern ontology can be called as scientific world picture which represents a holistic vision of world on the basis of sciences movement. But science is more concerned with the question "how" rather than "why". The latter is burdened with the philosophy, and above all metaphysics. Key words: metaphysics, ontology, primary space, emptiness, cotreduction, possibility, quantization, non-existence, virtual, actual infinity.
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Shutaleva A.V. PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF DETERMINISM IN NON-CLASSICAL PHYSICAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD The paper analyzes the transformation of the problem of determinism, which was conducted by representatives of non-classical physics. The author considers the difference between quantum mechanics from classical mechanics, which is to recognize the fundamentally probabilistic nature of the conduction of all physical bodies, not just micro-objects. The problem of the ontological status of probability, random phenomena in quantum theory is raised. Key words: determinism, probability, objectivity, particle-wave picture of the world, complementarity.
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Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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