Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University january 18, 2022   RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik
Pedagogics
Psychology
Other

Search
Vak
Антиплагиат
Orcid
Viniti
ЭБС Лань
Rsl
Лицензия Creative Commons

Hadzharov M.H.
LOGIC OF JUSTIFICATION OF PRIORITY OF RATIONAL METHOD OF COGNITION IN PHYLOSOPHY IN METHODOLOGY OF DESCARTES [№ 11 ' 2015]
The process of formation of classical science was accompanied by the emergence of two trends in the development of scientific knowledge — empirical and rational, each of which had insisted on its priorities in the area of production of scientific knowledge. Empiricism and rationalism retained its relevance to the present day and still perform alternative levels of knowledge. In the West European scientific community are ardent followers of one or the other direction. This suggests that the dilemma of "empiricism-rationalism" has not lost its relevance in our time. In this regard, it makes sense to investigate the problem of formation of methodological base of rationalism in the philosophy of R. Descartes. Descartes said that the truth is always accidentally wandering in the labyrinth of knowledge. For science, this is unacceptable, because the scientific knowledge of the search for truth requires an accurate method. The method is that tool that takes a random act of finding the truth in a strictly regulated and controlled process of learning, based on the clear "rules of the mind" that allow to separate the true from the false. As such a method may be adopted deductive system, superior to all other methods, which gives arguments for making it as an ideal of scientific knowledge. Science needs such knowledge, which has the properties of universality, and the need for sustainability. Knowledge of having such properties does not able to give us a sensual experience, but able to be obtained only by means of mind. The mind is based on the idea (belonging to a deductive system), which seem clear and distinct, and can be recognized universally valid criterion of knowledge. Clarity and precision constitute the basic methodological foundations. On this basis, we can assume that all mathematical knowledge is true because mathematics is associated with clarity and precision. As a result, there is the belief that science using mathematical knowledge can discover the laws governing material bodies to the extent that these laws are a reflection of mathematical relationships.

Khadzharova E.M.
POLITICAL OPPOSITION AND SOCIAL SECURITY OF CITYZENS IN CONDITIONS OF FORMATIONS OF THE CIVIL SOCIETY [№ 7 ' 2015]
The 13-th article of constitution of Russia recognizes the political diversity in country. The realization of this law in the life of society creates conditions for the genesis of political opposition in the face of a particular party, dissatisfied with their position in the political hierarchy. It tries to conquer the power by using critics of the course of policy of existing authority. However, the political activity of the opposition, based on criticism of the of conducted internal and external policy of the current government and the pursuit of its "capture" does not always lead to success due to poor organization and lack of resources. This feebleness is pushing the opposition to apply to foreign states and political structures for help and support. Using this treatment, foreign states use opposition to interference in the sovereign affairs of another state, which is their political or economic obstacle in the achievement of their interests in this country. As a result, the political opposition in a country becomes a foreign agent, realizing in the country of foreign interests, sometimes hostile states. That's why it is necessary to regulate the activities of such opposition and determine the compatibility of its activities with the social security of the population. On the basis of Article 13 of the Russian Constitution created conditions for ideological and political diversity and the multiparty system. In the implementation of these provisions adopted federal laws "On political parties", "On Public Associations", "On meetings, rallies, marches and pickets", "On Noncommercial Organizations", which generally creates a legal framework for the implementation of the activities of various political movements. The political activity of noncommercial organizations with the status of a foreign agent is not always carries a positive meaning. Their movements often lead to destabilization in the society, the state and endanger public safety. Therefore, it should be emphasized that the law of NCO, in terms of regulating the activities of foreign agents is need to be improved so as to legally subdivide socially-oriented NCO and political direction. It is necessary to establish clear criteria for the political activities of those NCO that are focused on the realization of their political interests. It will certainly improve the performance standards and reporting NCO, ranked as foreign agents, as well as to legislate requirements for them to submit a comprehensive report on their sources of funding and expenditures.

Hadzharov M.H.
GLOBAL SOCIOCULTURAL PROCESSES AND SPIRITUAL SAFETY OF RUSSIA [№ 3 ' 2015]
In article problems of deformation of cultural wealth are considered. In the context of change of social reality the intrinsic characteristic of ideology of globalization is on a global scale given. Problems of transformation of cultural values under the influence of globalization processes are investigated. Negative результаты of this process which are reflected in spiritual safety of Russia are revealed.

Hadzharov M.H.
RATE AS PREMISED-REGULATORY MECHANISMS SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE [№ 3 ' 2014]
The problem of normativity of scientific activity. Different approaches to understanding the nature of scientific knowledge. Critically overcoming subjective relativistic position relative to understanding research, substantiated the idea of normative "Heat — intensity " of scientific knowledge. Identified functional methodological features standards in scientific knowledge.

Hadgarov M.H.
PHILOSOPHICAL AND ETHICAL AND ETHICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE [№ 7 ' 2013]
Examines the ethical aspects of science. Cognitive activity and the production of knowledge conceptualized as an arena of alternative ideas of coexistence and interaction of actors connected by one common purpose — to learn the truth. Cognitive process and communicative relations scholars regarded as implicitly regular liruemye principles of cultural and ethical content, and scientific knowledge — the "loaded" moral and ethical judgments.

Khadzharov M.Kh.
EXPLANATION, UNDERSTANDING AND INTERPRETING — BASIC COGNITIVE PROCEDURES SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES [№ 9 ' 2012]
The article discusses the basic procedures for using mye-in social and humanitarian studies. Identify problems that arise in the aspect of their understanding and use. Their cognitive significance is revealed through a comparative approach and the definition of a functional orientation.

Hadzharov M.H.
CAPITALISM, GLOBALISM AND RUSSIA: PROBLEM DEFINITION OF ITS PLACE IN THE WORLD OF CIVILIZATION (SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS) [№ 7 ' 2012]
The article analyzes the social nature of capitalism and revealed the true nature of his anti-social. Politics of globalization is seen as a political ideology of capitalism, designed to meet the modern trends of the international community and to expand the geographical area of market relations and the capitalist system. He as a challenge and call of the times and the historical need for the integration of all countries and the establishment of a unified international community, globalism appears disguised as a realization of the strategic objectives of the West. In light of this trend, it is necessary problematization of Russia's place in the world civilization.

Hadzharov M.H.
SOCIOLOGY OF SECURITY: RUSSIA IN THE AGE OF CHANGING WORLD ORDER [№ 1 ' 2012]
The article examines the economic, political, ideological, and cultural changes taking place in the Western European world, and Russia, due to the trends of globalization of the world community. The author substantiates the idea that globalism is presented as a long-term political and economic line of industrial and technologically advanced countries, aimed at the spread of capitalism on a planetary scale, and the conquest of new economic zones of the capital set-up, constituting the initial steps for the geopolitical expansion of new areas within the range of strategic interests of Western states.

Khadzharov M.Kh.
SOCIOLOGY OF CONFESSIONAL-CULTURAL RELATIONS: TOLERANCE AS A BASIS FOR DIALOGUE OF RELIGIOUS CONSCIOUSNESS [№ 7 ' 2011]
The article deals with the problems of transformation of culture in general and religious culture in particular in relation to contemporary processes of globalization of the world community. In the context of these processes cultural changes in the ethnic entities and in the religious consciousness are conceptualized. The idea of the necessity of dialogue between confessions on the basis of the principle of tolerance in the name of preserving the integrity of state and society is carried in this work.

Khadzharov M.H.
GLOBALIZATION OF SOCIAL SPHERE: CULTURAL PROBLEMS OF THE TRANSFORMING WORLD [№ 7 ' 2010]
The article contains analysis of processes of globalization and formation of the single social reality. Globalization capture of new social and political and economic areas leads many national-ethnic countries into loss of fundamental principles of existence, culture ideals and rules, which play a role of regulatory mechanisms of social and culture life of people. Globalization of social reality leads into social and culture contradictions, analysis of which shows that this process is often carried out in the interest of certain technologically developed states. At this, there is a necessity for Russia, having integrated into world community, retained its international image as a center of spiritual and intellectual power able to solidate international community over the idea of building civilized and non-violent world.

Khadzharov M.Kh., Lyashchenko M.N.
NEWTON AND MECHANICAL PICTURE OF THE CLASSICAL SCIENCE WORLD [№ 1 ' 2010]
Physical and philosophical opinions of the English scientist I. Newton and their influence on forming of mechanical picture of the classical science world are regarded in this article. Ideas of mechanical dynamics of Aristotle and Newton are compared. The authors of the article reveal the role and meaning of ideas and principals worked out by Newton at the determination of borders of mechanical experimentalism and introduction of mathematical knowledge into scientific perception and also contribution to working out of ideas about determinism.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

Crossref
Cyberleninka
Doi
Europeanlibrary
Googleacademy
scienceindex
worldcat
© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
Тел./факс: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail: vestnik@mail.osu.ru
1999–2022 © CIT OSU