Zavadskaya A.V., Dmitrieva N.M.
THE SPECIFICS OF THE CORRECTIVE COURSE OF RUSSIAN GRAMMAR FOR FOREIGN MEDICAL STUDENTS [№ 5 ' 2018]
When teaching Russian as a foreign language at the second and next stages of education, it is often necessary to face the problem of unformed grammatical competence of foreign students. For example, for students from India, English as a second state language is the interfering language, in addition to the native language (Hindi, Malay, Urdu, etc.). In this case, there is an acute question of the development and conduct of corrective grammar course.
We have studied the main features of the corrective grammar course and the results of its implementation in the educational process with Indian students studying “General medicine”. In written work students are grammatical mistakes: violation of agreement, violation management and wrong education of the endings. To atypical include substitution of parts of speech (sense cold, sense good), the wrong choice of the verb tense (people to die), the wrong formation of the personal form of the verb (human am afraid of light). The main cause of grammatical errors in Indian students is interference, which is understood as a replacement of the system of rules of the language studied by another, built under the influence of the system of rules of the native or previously studied language. At the first, preparatory, stage of the course developed by us there was a presentation of the material to be corrected. On the second, main, stage was the actual correction with the use of visual AIDS and assignments of different type. The third, final, stage included productive types of exercises: conditional-communicative and actually communicative.
The effectiveness of the developed correction course is proved experimentally. Training of foreign medical students in the Russian language should include not only lexical and grammatical material, but also the correction of grammatical skills.
Dmitrieva N.M., Malakhova O.M., Porol O.A.
WORKING WITH MENTAL IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE [№ 4 ' 2018]
Mastering a foreign language is impossible without mastering the national culture reflected in mental concepts. The concept of «family» is one of the most important in the Russian language picture of the world and because its development plays an important role in the process of teaching foreign students Russian language.
The analysis of these dictionaries allowed us to establish the semantic shares of the concepts included in the field of the macroconcept «family». The central concepts are «father» and «mother» with a common semantic share of «the beginning of something». Significant concepts of «man» and «woman», the main purpose of which is to be a father and mother. The high meaning of these concepts is associated with the main functions of father and mother: protection, care for the offspring. The concepts of «son» and «brother» are combined with the previous sons obligations and reflect the conciliar worldview peculiar to the Russian mentality (brotherhood). All the names of the concepts of the field of macroconcept «family» in the dictionaries and the minds of modern Russian speakers are determined one through the other, their common characteristic is the word «native». Mastering mental concepts for foreign language students can be based on the work with dictionaries and reading of obligatory texts, which full of logical, emotional and mental information. Pre-text (work with new words and expressions) and post-text tasks (correlation of meanings characteristic of Russian with those given to verbalizers of concepts in a literary text; work with stable expressions, interpretation of the text in the aspect of understanding the peculiarities of the relationship of family members, reflecting the conceptual representations of Russian) in this case are aimed at identifying the features of mental concepts.
Sakharova N.S., Ivanova S.G., Dmitrieva E.V.
SEMANTIC IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRUCTURE “TO BE áBOUT TO” IN THE ENGLISH FICTION (DIACHRONIC ASPECT) [№ 1 ' 2017]
Semantic implementation of the combination “to be about to” is considered in the diachronic aspect for the period from the XVI to the XXšcentury. The comparison of semantically similar structures “to be on the point (verge) ofš+ gerund”, “to be goingš+ infinitive” can be used to identify synonymity, stability and compatibility of these structures. Structure analysis was done on the basis of the original literary texts. The study showed that in the XVIšcentury the structure “to be aboutš+ infinitive” used in the subordinate clauses conveys the value of the nearest prospectivity. The structure frequency of “to be aboutš+ infinitive” in the èVIIIšcentury slightly increased as compared to the XVIšcentury. Structures “to be aboutš+ infinitive” and “to be on the point ofš+ gerund” have the meaning of the nearest prospectivity with the modality of unfulfilled intentions. The list of verbs, the infinitive of which is used in the structure “to be goingš+ infinitive” (not only verbs denoting action, but also process, state and movement) expanded in the XXšcentury in comparison with the èVIIIšcentury. The structure “to be going + infinitive” became more frequently used in the twentieth century as compared to the èVIIIšcentury. Significant changes took place in its semantics due to derestriction of structural and semantic limitations that existed in the èVIIIšcentury. The research revealed that the structures “to be aboutš+ infinitive” and “to be on the point ofš+ gerund” possess a certain semantic stability. The structures “to be about + infinitive”, “to be on the point (verge) ofš+ gerund” convey the meaning of future actions, the implementation of which has already begun or is expected. The structure “to be goingš+ infinitive” expresses an intention of the future action implementation. The semantic and structural possibilities of grammatical structure “to be goingš+ infinitive” have been expanded.
Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL SENSE OF THE CONCEPT ‘LOVE’ IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD (ON THE MATERIAL OF DICTIONARIES OF THE XI—XIX CENTURIES) [№ 7 ' 2016]
The concept of ‘love’ is ethically significant concept underlying the ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world. Despite the fact that the concept ‘love’ is actively studied in modern linguistics, its ethical content and its relationship with other concepts in diachrony illuminated little. The ethical loading of the concept ‘love’ goes back to the idea of a Christian and disclosed when referring to the Church Slavonic language, depicting the ‘original’ system of values of the Russian people. An analysis of the ethical burden of verbalization concept on the material of explanatory dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to follow ethical changes in the semantics of the dominant derivatives. The study of these encyclopedic dictionary ‘Ethics’, scientific papers of the dictionary of Church Slavonic language gave the ability to set ethical notional share of the concept: ‘the good, given by God and which consists in the ability to be compassionate and to do good’. On the basis of the Christian understanding of love and the analysis of the values of the dominant verbalization in different periods, it can be argued that the concept ‘love’ is a core ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world and finds a connection with the concepts: benefit, goodness, patience, mercy, meekness, humility, wisdom, virtue, joy, truth, faith, hope, courage etc. the Idea of connections in the conceptual field of love refers to the catholicity serving strukturin the ethical concept of the Russian concept sphere. Native love is divided into divine (love of God) and earthly (love of neighbor). The significance of the concept is confirmed by a large number of derivatives that involves in the area of concept new concepts. On the other hand, such a broad application of verbalization concept leads to desacralization and, consequently, a decrease in ethical significance, and sometimes to her loss. For example, the appearance of derivatives ‘lubovina’ (clean, good meat, no fat or bones and tendons), ‘liubivschyna’ (any that caught my fancy to choose from; chicken or pork meat remaining on fat, on cut it) in the nineteenth century. Semantic share ‘willingly, with passion’ in old Slavonic / Church Slavonic and old Russian languages clearly separates the attachment of the person as virtuous and sinful that it almost disappears in the modern language: laboraotory (to mercy), subobjectives (God-loving, Bogolubsky), lubomirsky (lubomorie pious), lyubomirsky (loving humility), etc.; lubany (addicted to war), labolatory (which is enslaved to the lusts of the flesh and mired in filth bodily), Lubica (too big body care), etc. This feature in the understanding of the concept is preserved in the XIXšcentury. Love as affection between two people of different sexes are divided into ‘permitted’, ‘legal’, according to old Slavic beliefsš— ‘earth’ (anyš— kind, love, beloved, darling, nravno; lovers in love with each other, the couple, lubamast or couples), and on sinful, harshly condemn: luteete (to fall into fornication), adultery (surrender to the will of carnal motives, the confluence of the bestial condition), etc. Throughout the development of the language and to the correlation of the concept ‘love’ with other ethical concepts. The ethical burden of many verbalization concept is reduced but does not disappear.
Dmitrieva N. M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL CONTENT OF THE CONCEPT "WISDOM" IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD [№ 2 ' 2016]
The concept of "wisdom" is ethically significant, and is in the nuclear area of the ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world. Despite the fact that the concept included in the dictionary of ethics, his ethical sense studied in linguistics. The ethical loading of the concept "wisdom" is revealed when referring to the Church Slavonic language, captured in the "primordial form" the system of values of Russian people. An analysis of the ethical content of the concept of verbalization wisdom on the material of explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language in different periods made it possible to trace an ethical change in the semantics of derivatives of the dominant "wisdom" and "wise". This aspect of the study demonstrates a novelty approach to the study of the concept of "wisdom". Analysis of the data dictionary of the Church Slavonic language has allowed to establish the proportion of semantic concept with the highest degree of ethical significance: "the prudence, the wisdom, the insight, based on humility before God and love for Him" that resonates with the philosophical understanding of wisdom as "a holistic, spiritually practical knowledge, focused on comprehension of absolute sense of life". Initially, wisdom is closely linked to such ethical concepts as love, humility (meekness), courage, chastity.
Ivanova S.G., Dmitrieva E.V., Sakharova N.S.
THE APPLICATION OF THE PODCASTING TECHNIQUE IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING PROCESS AT THE UNIVERSITY [№ 2 ' 2016]
The main objective in the foreign language teaching at the higher educational establishment is the formation of cultural competence of students, which involves the ability and willingness to various kinds of communication, including the business one. The teaching methods should be directed to the formation of cognitive-communicative competence, sustainable motivation to the process of learning. In the modern information society "multimedia learning" plays a significant role in the educational process at the University. The method of creating and using podcasts (as one of the types of multimedia learning) turns the student from an object into a subject of training, stimulates his creativity, willingness to apply knowledge in practice. Podcasting requires from a student the basic knowledge of a foreign language, the ability to select and logically arrange linguistic material. The teacher acts as a mentor, guides and corrects educational activity of the student. Integration of teacherš— student collaboration is a fundamental principle of the podcast technique. As teaching practice shows, the podcast technique has a significant impact on the development of students' cognitive-communicative competence and is an effective means of creating a sustainable motivation of trainees and provides a great opportunity in foreign language subject-related teaching. Use of media must be properly dosed and combined with other learning methods and must complement each other.
Dmitrieva N.M., Porol O.A.
PECULIARITIES OF VERBALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT "HOLINESS" IN THE CHURCH SLAVONIC AND OLD RUSSIAN LANGUAGES: THE ETHICAL DIMENSION [№ 1 ' 2016]
The concept of "holiness" contains a high ethical burden, is the peak mental moral values. Verbalization of the concept, however, little studied in linguistics. The origins of the dominant ethical burden of verbalization of the concept of "holiness" lies in old Church Slavonic and old Russian languages. An appeal to the dictionaries of this period enables us to identify the ethical fullness of the concept of "holiness", formed by Christian ideology. Comparative analysis of ethical meanings, characteristic of the dominant verbalization concept in old Church Slavonic and old Russian languages (Holiness, Holy, Saint, priesthood, light) allows one to identify the ethical meaning of the fraction concept "holiness": 1) "right believer"; "dedicated"; "all-perfect; righteous; living according to the rules prescribed by the faith", "enlightened by the light of the gospel teachings", "light, clean, immaculate", "sacrament of God"; 2) "with the Holy, blameless, righteous"; "ordained"; "sacred; based on the rules of faith"; "imbued with a sacred authority, sanctifying power", "associated with the Holy, belonging to the Holy"; "Holy, divine; pure, free"; "performing the commandments of God"; 3) "what makes a clear, comprehensible world"; "what makes a joyful, happy life"; "spiritual light"; "clean, pure"; "good, kind"; "blissful"; "education (about baptism)"; "piety". Share ethical meaning of the concept "holiness", implemented in the semantics of the dominant verbalization demonstrate the importance of the mental concept and its inclusion in the ethical sphere of concepts, along with concepts: God, faith, grace, Truth (Christ), truth, truth, righteousness, justice, unity, joy, wonder, piety, honesty, chastity, etc. over the whole study period verbalizing the main concept and their derivatives are highly ethical significance and of constant positive connotation. However, among verbalisation there are a number of ethical words with "opposite" values, which stresses the importance of the concept in Russian mentality.
Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL LOADING OF THE CONCEPT OF "MEEKNESS" IN THE DICTIONARY (DIACHRONIC ASPECT) [№ 11 ' 2015]
The concept of "meekness" contains a high ethical burden, is main place to the mental system of moral values, however, remains poorly studied in linguistics. The article discusses the ethical loading of the concept of "meekness" in the material of dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian language of the XIš— XIX centuries, together with the analysis of the semantic fullness of a concept in religious and secular discourse. Examines the semantic peculiarities of verbalization of the concept of "meekness": the meek, quiet (silence), humble (humility). Our analysis has determined the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept of "meekness" is "gentleness, humility, silence, kindness as a property of God himself and the ideal of man." The concept of "meekness" is included in a number of ethical concepts, along with sirenomelia, mercy, righteousness, love, etc. throughout the entire study period verbalizing the main concept and their derivatives possess a high degree of ethical significance, that is, an ethical meaning retain a share in all the values or one values. However, in the semantics of words, verbalized concept, with the passage of time is the development of values with a negative connotation, as well as ethically "opposite" values: humility (humiliation, chagrin, humiliation, enslavement, humiliation, jerk), to humble (humiliate, to offend, to cause to submit), quiet (secretive and prevaricator), tigoda (secretive, canny). It is noted that "humility" is different from "humility" and "meekness" is semantically, as it indicates to a greater extent the way to meekness, and the last two verbalizationš— the property itself. Found that the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept stored in the internal form of words, verbalized concept, and their derivatives.
Dmitrieva N.M., Zavadskaya A.V.
THE ETHICAL CONTENT OF THE CONCEPTS OF "LIFE", "MIRACLE", "HAPPINESS" AND THEIR USE IN ADVERTISING [№ 2 ' 2015]
The authors consider the ethical fullness of the concepts of "happiness", "miracle", "life", typical for the Russian mentality. The semantics of the concepts is analyzed in the lexical entries of Russian and Church Slavonic languages. The use of enumerated concepts is explored in the texts of modern advertising.
Porol O.A., Prosvirkina I.I., Dmitriyeva N.M.
MOTIVES OF THE BEGINNING AND THE END IN THE BIBLE DISCOURSE OF M.šVOLOSHIN [№ 11 ' 2014]
In article specifics of space and time in a bible discourse of M.šVoloshin are considered. The analysis of poetic texts is carried out in semantic aspect with application of a method of text parallels. In work research in works of the poet of functioning of the bible text in the analysis of existential motives of the beginning and end is new.
Sakharova N.S., Ivanova S.G., Dmitrieva E.V.
VARIABILITY OF ASPECT-TENSE FORMS IN PROSPECTIVE MEANING IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (DIACHRONIC ASPECT) [№ 11 ' 2014]
This article describes microsystem of aspect-tense forms in prospective meaning from the point of view of semantic syntax. The main point deals with the diachronic aspect of the variability of aspect-tense forms.
CHANGE OF ETHICAL LOADING OF THE CONCEPT "PATIENCE" IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE [№ 11 ' 2013]
The author of article considers change of ethical loading of a concept of "patience" and the related words on a material of various dictionaries and case texts. Compares value of these words in the Russian and Church Slavonic languages.
Sakharova N.S., Dmitrieva Ye.V.
EVOLUTIONARY ROW OF THE GRAMMATICAL COMPONENT OF THE CONCEPT "HONOUR" IN THE ENGLISH POETRY OF XIV AND XIX CENTURIES [№ 11 ' 2013]
The article is devoted to an acute aspect of cognitive linguistics — concept "Honour" in the English literature of XIV and XIX centuries. The material for the article was taken from the poems of these periods. The main issue being discussed in this article is grammatical component of the concept "Honour" in its evolutionary rows.
ABOUT CHANGING OF THE ETHICAL MEANING OF THE WORDS "CRIME" AND "PUNISHMENT" IN THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING PEOPLE [№ 11 ' 2012]
The author of the article considers the changing of the ethical meaning of the words "crime" and "punishment" in the consciousness of the Russian-speaking people of different centuries. The meanings of the Russian and the Church Slavonic languages are compared. The peculiarities of the understanding of the words "crime" and "punishment" by the modern students is taken into consideration.
ETHICALLY SIGNIFICANT IEXICON IN POETIC CYCIE "POEMS OF YURY ZHIVAGO" OF B.PASTERNAK [№ 4 ' 2012]
Features of Russian mentality are investigated, ethical categories of Russian mentality are defined. Features of lexicon with high ethical loading in poetry by B. Pasternak are investigated. Preservation of ethical loading in words of religious subject in internal structures is studied.