Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M. THE ETHICAL SENSE OF THE CONCEPT ‘LOVE’ IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD (ON THE MATERIAL OF DICTIONARIES OF THE XI—XIX CENTURIES)The concept of ‘love’ is ethically significant concept underlying the ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world. Despite the fact that the concept ‘love’ is actively studied in modern linguistics, its ethical content and its relationship with other concepts in diachrony illuminated little. The ethical loading of the concept ‘love’ goes back to the idea of a Christian and disclosed when referring to the Church Slavonic language, depicting the ‘original’ system of values of the Russian people. An analysis of the ethical burden of verbalization concept on the material of explanatory dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to follow ethical changes in the semantics of the dominant derivatives. The study of these encyclopedic dictionary ‘Ethics’, scientific papers of the dictionary of Church Slavonic language gave the ability to set ethical notional share of the concept: ‘the good, given by God and which consists in the ability to be compassionate and to do good’. On the basis of the Christian understanding of love and the analysis of the values of the dominant verbalization in different periods, it can be argued that the concept ‘love’ is a core ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world and finds a connection with the concepts: benefit, goodness, patience, mercy, meekness, humility, wisdom, virtue, joy, truth, faith, hope, courage etc. the Idea of connections in the conceptual field of love refers to the catholicity serving strukturin the ethical concept of the Russian concept sphere. Native love is divided into divine (love of God) and earthly (love of neighbor). The significance of the concept is confirmed by a large number of derivatives that involves in the area of concept new concepts. On the other hand, such a broad application of verbalization concept leads to desacralization and, consequently, a decrease in ethical significance, and sometimes to her loss. For example, the appearance of derivatives ‘lubovina’ (clean, good meat, no fat or bones and tendons), ‘liubivschyna’ (any that caught my fancy to choose from; chicken or pork meat remaining on fat, on cut it) in the nineteenth century. Semantic share ‘willingly, with passion’ in old Slavonic / Church Slavonic and old Russian languages clearly separates the attachment of the person as virtuous and sinful that it almost disappears in the modern language: laboraotory (to mercy), subobjectives (God-loving, Bogolubsky), lubomirsky (lubomorie pious), lyubomirsky (loving humility), etc.; lubany (addicted to war), labolatory (which is enslaved to the lusts of the flesh and mired in filth bodily), Lubica (too big body care), etc. This feature in the understanding of the concept is preserved in the XIX century. Love as affection between two people of different sexes are divided into ‘permitted’, ‘legal’, according to old Slavic beliefs — ‘earth’ (any — kind, love, beloved, darling, nravno; lovers in love with each other, the couple, lubamast or couples), and on sinful, harshly condemn: luteete (to fall into fornication), adultery (surrender to the will of carnal motives, the confluence of the bestial condition), etc. Throughout the development of the language and to the correlation of the concept ‘love’ with other ethical concepts. The ethical burden of many verbalization concept is reduced but does not disappear. Key words: ethical loading, meaning the share, concept, conceptual sphere, verbalization, derivative, mentality, language picture of the world, love.
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Authors: Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.