Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M. THE ETHICAL LOADING OF THE CONCEPT OF "MEEKNESS" IN THE DICTIONARY (DIACHRONIC ASPECT)The concept of "meekness" contains a high ethical burden, is main place to the mental system of moral values, however, remains poorly studied in linguistics. The article discusses the ethical loading of the concept of "meekness" in the material of dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian language of the XI — XIX centuries, together with the analysis of the semantic fullness of a concept in religious and secular discourse. Examines the semantic peculiarities of verbalization of the concept of "meekness": the meek, quiet (silence), humble (humility). Our analysis has determined the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept of "meekness" is "gentleness, humility, silence, kindness as a property of God himself and the ideal of man." The concept of "meekness" is included in a number of ethical concepts, along with sirenomelia, mercy, righteousness, love, etc. throughout the entire study period verbalizing the main concept and their derivatives possess a high degree of ethical significance, that is, an ethical meaning retain a share in all the values or one values. However, in the semantics of words, verbalized concept, with the passage of time is the development of values with a negative connotation, as well as ethically "opposite" values: humility (humiliation, chagrin, humiliation, enslavement, humiliation, jerk), to humble (humiliate, to offend, to cause to submit), quiet (secretive and prevaricator), tigoda (secretive, canny). It is noted that "humility" is different from "humility" and "meekness" is semantically, as it indicates to a greater extent the way to meekness, and the last two verbalization — the property itself. Found that the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept stored in the internal form of words, verbalized concept, and their derivatives.Key words: concept, ethical loading and ethical meaning of the share mentality, meek, quiet, humble.
1.Vendina, T.I. Srednevekovyj chelovek v zerkale staroslavyanskogo yazyka [Medieval man in the mirror of the old Slavonic language]. — M.: Indrik, 2002. — 336 p.
2.Vereshhagin, E.M. TSerkovnoslavyanskaya knizhnost na Rusi. Lingvotekstologicheskie izyskaniya. [Literary Church Slavonic in Russia. Linguotextology surveys]. — M.: Indrik, 2001. — 608 p.
3.Dal, V.I. Tolkovyj slovar zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka [Explanatory dictionary of living great Russian language]. V 4 t. T.2.: I — O. 6-e izd., stereotip. — M.: Drofa; Rus.yaz. — Media, 2011. — 779 p.
4.Dal, V.I. Tolkovyj slovar zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka [ living great Russian language]. V 4 t. T.4.: R — V. 6-e izd., stereotip. — M.: Drofa; Rus.yaz. — Media, 2011. — 683 p.
5.Dmitrieva, N.M. Eticheski znachimaya leksika v poeticheskom zikle B. Pasternaka "Stihotvorenia Yuriya Zhivago" [Eticks words in poetry of B. Pasternak "Yuriy Zhivago"] // Вестник Оренбургского государственного университета. — 2012. — №4 (140) апрель. — С. 45 — 49.
6.Dyachenko G. Polnyj cerkovno-slavjanskij slovar [Unabridged Church Slavonic dictionary]. — М., Оtchij dom, 2001. — 720 p.
7.Zaliznjak A.A., Levontina I.B., Shmelev A.D. Kljuchevye idei russkoj jazykovoj kartiny mira [Key ideas of the Russian language picture of the world]. Sb.st. / A.A. Zaliznyak, I.B. Lewontina, A.D. Shmelev. — M.: Slav.сultury language, 2005. — 540 p.
8.Kolesov V.V. Russkaja mentalnost v jazyke i tekste [The Russian mentality in language and the text]. — SPb.: Petersburg Oriental studies, 2006. — 624 p.
9.Slovar russkogo yazika XI — XVII vv. V.8 [Dictionary of Russian of the XI-XVII centuries. Release 8]. — М.: Nauka — Science, 1981. — 351 p.
10.Slovar russkogo yazika XI — XVII vv. V.25 [Dictionary of Russian of the XI-XVII centuries. Release 25]. — М.: Nauka — Science, 2000. — 273 p.
11.Sreznevsky I. Slovar drevnerusskogo jazyka. V 3 t. T.1 [Dictionary of Old Russian language. In 3 t] / I. Sreznevsky. — M.: Kniga — Book, 1989.
12. Sreznevsky I. Slovar drevnerusskogo jazyka. V 3 t. T.3 [Dictionary of Old Russian language. In 3 t] / I. Sreznevsky. — M.: Kniga — Book, 1989.
13.Stepanov Yu.S. Konstanty: Slovar russkoj kultury [Constants: Dictionary of the Russian culture] / Yu.S. Stepanov. — M., 2001. — P 419.
14.Ethics: the Encyclopedic dictionary / University of philosophy by Russian Academy Science. М., 2001.
About this article
Authors: Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.