Fomina M.V., Mikhailova E.A., Kuznetsova N.P., MorozovÁ A.I., Kirgizova S.B., Aznabaeva L.M., Zherebyatyeva O.ï., Safarova D.R.
MEDICAL-ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF RESISTANCE MICROFLORA IN CHILDREN WITH ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT [№ 12 ' 2017]
Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract bacterial nature of the disease, which most often otolaryngologists in modern conditions are becoming increasingly epidemiological, economic and social significance. The trend in recent years has been the changing epidemiology of causative agents of this disease, the properties of the pathogens, resistance to drugs. Along with this, there are regional differences of indicators of resistance of microorganisms, which complicates the selection of antimicrobial agents in starting empirical therapy of acute rhinosinusitis in children. A monitoring study of the species composition of microflora of nasal cavity showed that, along with the leading (80.3š%) etiologically significant representatives of pathogenic flora — gram-positive cocci (mainly Staphylococcus Áureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus), the microflora was represented by gram-negative rods bacteria of the genus Klebsiella (Klebsiella pneumonicae) — 1.6š%. Among non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria in 0.8š% of cases were allocated to members of the genus Pseudomonas. According to the study, the selected isolates of Staphylococcus haemolyticus were not sensitive to ampicillin/sulbactam in 75š% of cases, ceftazidime — 73.3š%, the highest activity possessed antimicrobial agents ceftriaxone (87.5š%) and azithromycin (89.1š% of cases). In turn, Staphylococcus Áureus in 54.5š% of cases were sensitive to ceftazidime, 45.4š% to oxacillin. Observed high sensitivity of the pathogen to erythromycin (100š%), gentamycin (100š%), ofloxacin and ceftriaxone — 90.9š% of cases. The results obtained, taking into account regional differences in the indicators of resistance of microorganisms and their sensitivity to antibiotics, can be used in starting the empirical therapy of acute rhinosinusitis in children.
Kuznetsova S.V., Bystritskaya E.V.
POTENTIAL OF THEATRICAL PEDAGOGY IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF THE TEACHER [№ 10 ' 2017]
Teachers’ professional education has been changing significantly to meet the modern requirements for the specialist in education. Theatrical pedagogy plays a great part in the formation of significantly new personal and professional characteristics of the teacher, as well as in expanding the technological tools of the teacher and raising the level of his artistic and aesthetic culture. The principles of theatrical pedagogy do not contradict the basic provisions of developing education, but rather clarify and disclose the individual aspects of this pedagogical technology. The compatibility of P.šGalperin’s technology on the step-by-step formation of mental actions with the method of forming psychophysical actions by M.šChekhov helps a teacher to develop improvisation as a genuine artistry which becomes an automatic skill and triggers a teacher’s creative potential that is revealed in the practical use of acquired competences. The mechanisms of theatrical pedagogy positively affect the numerous components of the educational process. The complex use of theatrical pedagogy methods will allow the teacher to ensure the productivity of the entire teaching and educational process, since the creative nature of the teacher’s activity not only lends itself to formation, but must also be formed.
Atyaskina T.V., Kuznetsov V.V.
MODEL OF SELF-EDUCATION SKILLS FORMATION FOR FUTURE TECHNICIANS-PROGRAMMERS [№ 9 ' 2016]
Under existing conditions of global informatization ability of the person to self-education becomes the information society factor and demands increased attention to modeling the self-education skill process. Forming the process of self-education research of the future technicians-programmers is stipulated by low level of motivations to self-education of those students and insufficient level of acquiring self-education abilities and skills. At present moment of computer and information society development the competent and mobile IT-specialist of average level preparation that is able independently to find and use the information for the effective and creative professional tasks solving is necessary. In the article the theoretical model of self-education skills formation for future technicians-programmers using personal, functional and competent approach is described. The authors determine the concept “self-education skills for future technicians-programmers” and underline organizational, information-analytical and reflexive skills of self-education. Electronic resources are considered as effective means for these skills' formation. Practical realization model of self-education skills formation for future technicians-programmers of presented in professional college would make it possible more efficiently prepare average level specialists in the sphere of programming computer systems for their future independent professional activity.
Kuznetsov V.V., Kruchinina O.V.
EDUCATIONAL AND PRODUCTION PRACTICIANS AS MEANS OF FORMATION OF COMPETITIVENESS OF FUTURE SECRETARY-REVIEWERS [№ 8 ' 2016]
The article considers opportunities of educational and industrial practice in forming competitiveness of a future specialist using the example of a secretary-reviewer. The authors base their work on the studies of individual competitiveness researchers (N.G.šAgeeva, V.šAdolf, V.I.šAndreev, Y.V.šAndreeva, R.Y.šAhmetshin, L.A.šBodian, M.G.šVetrova, N.A.šZhuranova and others). The authors mentioned believe, that at the heart of competitiveness there is risk-taking, self-confidence, hard work, resistance to stress, clear goals and value orientations etc. The authors elicit professionally important personal features of a secretary-reviewer, basing on her professiogram developed by E.S.šRomanova. The professiogram elicits such professionally important personal features as high sustainability to disturbances, good motor skills, well-developed auditory and visual memory, being able to sort out handwriting, emotional resistance, punctuality, carefulness, orderliness, reliability, tactfulness, communicability etc. In the article the authors describes experimental work, carried out in Orenburg Humanitarian and Technical college. The conclusion is made that competitiveness of future secretary-reviewers can be risen considerably during educational and industrial practice.
Kuznetsova O.S., Fokin V.P.
THE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF EKSIMERLAZERNY SURGERY AFTER APPLICATION THE ORTOKERATOLOGICHESKIKH OF CONTACT LENSES [№ 12 ' 2015]
Analysis of results of LASIK patients who applied to the operation orthokeratology lens. The results of LASIK in 50špatients (100šeyes). In the first group there were 20špatients (40šeyes) which are used to LASIK orthokeratology lenses (CPR). Experience carrying 6 months up to 1.5šyears. Patients using hard contact lenses reverse geometry "Emerald" company "Euclid Systems Corporation" (USA) of gas permeable material Opticon A with a range from –1.0 to –5,5šDptr refraction and indicators ophthalmometres from 41.0 to 45.5šdiopters. The second group consisted of 30špatients (60šeyes), which had LASIK surgery was used only spectacle correction (control group). The average thickness of the corneal flap was (118.2š±š4.3)šmm. After 1šweek after LASIK in the first group SE averaged (0.35š±š0.26)šdiopters, 1šmonthš— (0.4š±š0.18)šdiopters, 6šmonthsš— (0.4š±š0.12)šdiopters. After 1šweek of ELS in the second group SE was equal toš— (0.47š±š0.21)šdiopters, 1šmonthš— (0.41š±š0.13)šdiopters, 6šmonthsš— (0.35š±š0.12)šdiopters. BCVA at all follow-up of both study groups wasš1.0. Use of OKL in patients with myopic refraction does not adversely affect the course of LASIK surgery and has no effect on the results of excimer laser surgery.
Fokin V.P., Kuznetsova O.S.
RESULTS OF APPLICATION OF OVAL RINGS AT OPERATIONS LAZIK [№ 12 ' 2015]
Explore the possibilities and characteristics of the metal reusable vacuum ring with an oval hole for fixing when LASIK. The results of 426 LASIK with using metal reusable vacuum rings with an oval hole were analyzed. Excimer correction was performed by using excimer laser SCHWIND AMARIS (Germany). Metal reusable vacuum ring with an oval hole is well fixed on the eyes of patients with different diameter of the cornea. In 10š% of cases pointed cutting edge vascular network of the cornea, more pronounced in the upper part, especially in patients long-term use of contact lens. Metal reusable vacuum rings with an oval hole for fixing are easy-to-use and they allow to minimize trauma of marginal glomerulal vasculature, when horizontal corneal diameter ™ 10,5šmm. The nomogram to determine the amount of corneal flap legs optimal size. Recommended manufacture and use of the ring to "0" for the operations in the flat corneas to generate corneal grafts larger diameter.
Vitvitskaya L.A., Kuznetsov V.V.
FEATURES INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE HIGHER PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION [№ 11 ' 2015]
Changes in the quality of higher teacher education is defined in many ways according to scientists in the field of teacher education the presence of theoretical propositions on the theory and methodology of Educational Innovation innovative pedagogical technologies. The severity of the scientific problem is that so far not found the answer to the question: what should be the innovative technologies that would enable Russia to modernize higher pedagogical education. To this end, on the basis of the Orenburg State University at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences has made experimental work devoted to the study of innovative technologies and features used in the teaching of pedagogical disciplines of studentsš— undergraduate training. It was assumed that the introduction of the learning process described in the article of innovative technologies, would greatly improve the quality of teacher training bachelors. The authors suggested: innovative technologies in the form of practice-oriented research to improve the efficiency of the educational process in higher educational schools; methodology and methods of use of innovative technologies; diagnostic tools for assessing the effectiveness of the research of innovative technologies. The authors have been proven: the legitimacy of the use of innovative technologies in the teaching of pedagogical disciplines in the higher pedagogical school; productivity and prospects use of information technology. Carried out experimental work allows, first, to say that the dynamics of improving the quality of teacher education is largely determined by the availability of effective innovative technologies, and secondly, the process of teaching of pedagogical disciplines in many ways enriched through the use of innovative technologies proposed by the authors.
TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN CORPORATE ENTITIES [№ 11 ' 2015]
An analysis of research in the field of vocational education shows that graduates of public and private universities, came to work in different firms, corporations are experiencing complications in solving specific practical problems. Employers are forced to offer such graduates additional training in corporate education. Training centers corporations are forced to create a system of corporate training solutions to the practical problems that arise from the urgent needs of a company or corporation. Existed in Russia in the planned economy system in-house training ceased to justify itself and needs a radical change in the content, forms, methods of corporate learning and corporate education methodology as a whole. Experimental work carried out on the basis of corporate "Gazprom dobycha Orenburg", NPK "Uralvagonzavod" (Nizhny Tagil) made it possible to create a theory of corporate education, to analyze the problems of the Russian corporate education and to identify trends in its development. The author suggests the concept of corporate education in Russia on the basis of such industrial areas as Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Sverdlovsk, Orenburg region, involving the analysis of large and small educational institutions of the above corporations. This paper analyzes the major doctoral research in the field of corporate entities: doctoral dissertation MasalimovašA.R., dedicated to corporate training of technical profile (Ufa, 2014); PhD thesis KomlevašS.V., VasilyevašS.V. dedicated to corporate entities in large and small enterprises of the Sverdlovsk region (Ekaterinburg, 2015); PhD thesis PogorelovašT.N., PaulinešN.N. devoted to corporate entities in Orenburg JSC "Gazprom dobycha Orenburg " (Orenburg, 2007). The author is represented by analysis of the production of pedagogy developed scientific school S.Y.šBatyshevaaš— A.M.šNovikov on materials of the Soviet planned economy, given the critical analysis of existing industrial training mentoring within the planned economy.
Reshetnikov M.V., Grebenyuk L.V., Kuznetsov V.V.
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SOILS WITHIN THE CITY MEDNOGORSK (ORENBURG REGION) [№ 3 ' 2015]
The magnetic susceptibility of soil samples from the territory of the town Mednogorsk. Zones of high technological transformation of soil. The relationship between areas of high values of the magnetic susceptibility of soils and the major industrial areas of the city. Actions for a detailed study of soils town Mednogorsk.
PREVENTIVE ACTIVITY: CONTENT AND STRUCTURE [№ 2 ' 2015]
The author's concept about the deviationsprevention in behavior of children and teenagers taking into account the Euler force showing to the tutor that the young man lost stability because of the influence of the social environment is considered in the article. The author proposes the theoretical aspects of prevention and preventive activity. In particular, the deviations in behavior of children and teenagers of the first order (soft), the second order (moderate severity), the third order (hard)are considered. Forms and methods of preventive activity, its content, structure, and also reasons of deviant behavior are considered on the basis of the theoretical analysis of the researches in the field of preventive pedagogics (L.V. Kondrashova, V.M. Orzhekhovskaya, E.M. Rangelova, A.P. Smantser, A.M. Stolyarenko, etc). Preventive activity, its aims,conditions, ways of implementation, motives, requirements, means and results are considered by the analogy with the conception of any activity. In the article means of the deviationsprevention in behavior of children and teenagers in Russia and abroadare offered and analyzed, series of examples and models of positive preventive activity is given. The author analyzes the researches of L.V. Kondrashova, V.M. Orzhekhovskaya (Ukraine), E.M. Rangelova, A.P. Smantser (Belorussia), domestic scientists (V.N. Gerasimov, S.A. Yermolayeva, Yu.M. Kudryavtsev, A.M. Stolyarenko) and draws the necessary conclusions: about the effective means of the deviations prevention in behavior of children and teenagers; about the organization of correctional and pedagogical activity, ways of prevention, services of preventive activity. There is the list of references where it is possible to see not only famous pedagogues in the field of preventive pedagogics, but also psychologists, sociologists, lawyers in article. The article completely develops the name. The readers will find answers to many questions which are considered within preventive pedagogics.
Kuznetzov A.S., Skrebkov A.I., Shakmakov E.A.
COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO TREATMENT OF VITREOMACULAR TRACTION SYNDROME [№ 12 ' 2014]
In this paper we show our experience in long-term use of local steroid and nonsteroid therapy in patients after surgery with vitreomacular traction syndrome. The advantages of an integrated approach to the treatment of this disease.
Fokin V.P., Makovkin E.M., Kuznetzova O.S.
LONG-TERM RESULTS OF LASIK IN EYES WITH ULTRATHIN CORNEA [№ 12 ' 2014]
There were analyzed results of myopic LASIK performed in 105 patients (210 eyes) with ultrathin cornea. Use of mechanical linear microkeratome "Moria" One-Use-Plus SBK provides a thin predictable corneal flap. Application of excimer laser Schwind Amaris allows achieving high visual functions and stable refraction in remote postsurgical period. Myopic LASIK is a safe, effective and highly-predictable surgery in patients with ultrathin cornea.
FEATURES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN STAFF MANAGEMENT AT THE MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISES [№ 8 ' 2014]
In modern environment of machine-building enterprises is the use of topical information platforms in the organization of the staff. Intense competition makes heads of company recognize significant role of information technology in human resource management. The necessity of organizing a uniform information space in the enterprise and implementing PDM-system providing staff efficiency.
ON THE EXPERIENCE OF FIGHTING AGAINST CHILD HOMELESSNESS IN THE BASHKIR ASSR (1945–1964) [№ 7 ' 2014]
The paper analyzes the issue of directions, stages, characteristics and problems of control and prevention of mass child homelessness, child neglect and help for children and adolescents from the state and the public in the Bashkir ASSR in 1945–1964.
MONITORING COMMERCIAL FARMS WITH THE PURPOSE OF SOLVING PROBLEMS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT [№ 4 ' 2014]
The solution of the problems of development of commercial family forms of agriculture could be made on the basis of questioning of the heads of the last. The solution of the following problems: limited marketing opportunities, products processing, lending, insurance — is to organize information and consulting centers in the regions, to make more popular using official cooperatives — had been proposed.