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Orenburg State University october 23, 2021   RU/EN
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№ 12 2009

Natural sciences

Amankeldieva G.M. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS INDEXES AND PSYCHOLOGICAL-EMOTIONAL SPHERE OF TEENAGERS STUDIED IN SCHOOLS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF TECHNOGENEOUS-POLLUTED CITY DISTRICTS Comparative analysis of cognitive functions condition of psychological-emotional sphere of students of different age groups, studied at usual and innovation study programs and lived in technogeneous-polluted microdistricts of city environment is made in this article. The author reveals essential violations of attention functions, deviation in psychological-emotional sphere with growing level of school anxiety of students of middle and senior school age depending on degree of technogeneous pollution of environment, which are more expressed in gymnasia pupils.Key words: cognitive functions, psychological-emotional sphere, schools of new type, technogeneous pollution of ambient air.
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Amshokova A.Kh. CHANGEABLENESS OF CRANIOMETRY FEATURES OF SMALL FOREST MOUSE (SYLVAEMUS URALENSIS PALL.) IN FOOTHILLS AND MIDDLE-MOUNTAINS ECOSYSTEMS OF CENTRAL CAUCASIA POLLUTED WITH HEAVY METALS The influence of technogeneous pollution on changeableness of craniometry features of a small forest mouse’s skull in foothills and middle-mountains ecosystems of Central Caucasia. Different adaptive reaction of animals happened from different high-rise levels on action of the same factor is revealed in this article. It is revealed that pollution in conditions of foothills leads to size decrease of a skull, but in middle-mountain ecosystems on the contrary such influence is companied with increase of craniometry parameters. Key words: small forest mouse, changeableness, craniometry features, foothills, middle-mountains.
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Andreyashkina N.I. APPRAISAL OF MODERN CONDITION OF COVER ON WATERSHEDS OF YAMAL PENINSULAThe author conducts the analysis of vascular plants and the structure of some tundra communities, osiers and grass-moss bogs, which are typologically similar and typical for watersheds as Northern as Southern parts of subzone of subarctic tundra in Yamal. As a result of long-term deer’s pasture the structure of a cover is strongly broken in periodic dry and gently humid ecotopes. Variety peculiar to native communities and also correlation of latitudinal geographical groups of vascular plants on the whole are kept on the researched territory. Key words: structure of communities, ecotop, flora of vascular plants, floristic similarity.
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Baitelova A.I., Zinyukhin G.B., Kholodilina T.N., Ermolaeva A.A. APPRAISAL OF ZAO "ORENBURG BATTERY FARM" INFLUENCE ON QUALITY OF SOIL COVER IN THE VILLAGE "YUNIY" IN ORENBURG DISTRICTThe appraisal of ZAO "Orenburg battery farm" production activity influence on quality of soil cover in the village Yuniy in Orenburg district Orenburg region is conducted here. The authors determine priority detrimental impurities at significances of concentration and indexes soil contaminants concentration, also they conduct ranking of territory bordering to ZAO "Orenburg battery farm" at ecological prosperity on the base of pH got meanings and summery indexes of chemical pollution of soil cover.Key words: ZAO "Orenburg battery farm", boiler-room, dung-depository, index of impurities concentration, summery indexes of chemical pollution of soil cover, pH of a soil cover.
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Gabidullina G.F., Shkundina F.B., Yadykina M.G. CYANOBACTERIAE-ALGAL CENOSIS OF BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES IN UFA CITY Cyanobacteriae-algal cenosises of biological treatment facilities in Ufa city were studied in this article. 35 types of variety of algae were founded often in active silt. Cyanoprokaryota and Chlorophyta prevailed there. The majority of types were in mesa-assaies.Key words: tsianoprokariotnovodoroslevye cenoses, activated sludge, monitoring, indicator species, algae.
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Geger E.V. ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS OF THE ENVIRONMENT ON ECOLOGICALLY CONDITIONED MORBIDITY OF POPULATION LIVED ON THE TERRITORY WITH DIFFERENT DEGREE OF MAN-CAUSED POLLUTION The analysis of harmful anthropogenic factors of the environment on morbidity of population from regions with different degree of man-caused pollution is conducted in this article. The author reveals the influence of radiation-chemical pollution of the environment on spreading of sicknesses having allergic nature.Key words: man-caused pollution, population rehabilitation, physiological monitoring, morbidity of population, allergic pathology, dispersing analysis, ranking of territory.
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Kozminykh V.O., Shapovalov A.M., Rusakov A.V., Nemkov V.A. BIOLOGICAL VARIETY OF COLEOPTEROUSES (INSECTA: COLEOPTERA) IN ORENBURG REGION: MATERIALS TO THE REGIONAL CADASTREThe authors present common information about the structure of families and number of types of coleopterouses (Insecta: Coleoptera) in Orenburg region, also they give short list of literary sources of every family.Key words: biological variety, coleopterouses, families, Orenburg region.
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Rusanov A.M., Konjukhov A.V. ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTEGRAL INFLUENCE OF SURROUNDINGS ON EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION OF IODINE DEFICIT ON THE EXAMPLE OF ORENBURG REGIONIn this work the author at the first time conducts integral appraisal of surroundings factors influence on epidemiological situation of iodine deficit in agroindustrial region with using of modern calculated-balance method and data of biological monitoring and express microanalysis. Key words: ecology, iodine deficiency.
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Mikhailov A.N. APPRAISAL OF CALCIUM CONTENT IN BIOSPHERE OF CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS LIVING ON EQUIDISTANT DISTANCE FROM COPPER-SMELTING ENTERPRISES Appraisal of calcium content in biosphere of children and teenagers living on equidistant distance from copper-smelting enterprises is given in this article. The author suggests possible variant of calcium substitution in organism of children and teenagers on another element in the base of which is isomorphism. Key words: calcium, copper-smelting enterprise, isomorphism.
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Larionov N.V., Larionav M.V. ABOUT CONDITION OF COMMUNITY AIR IN FRAME OF URBASYSTEMS OF MIDDLE POVOLZHIE (SARATOV REGION)The results of long-term (2002—2009) researches of surface atmosphere quality of urbosystems in Saratov region are given in this article. Polluted to the maximum the cities are in the central part. Increase of maximum permissible concentration of some harmful substances is the reason of children’s sickness spreading.Key words: air, man-caused pollution, urbosystem, correlation dependence of children morbidity.
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Sadovnikova Yu.M. COMPARATIVE INDEXES OF MORBIDITY OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN FROM ECOLOGICALLY DIFFERENT CITY MICRO-DISTRICTS Comparative analysis of morbidity indexes for three years among children of school age in children institutions of common and sanitary type located in micro-districts with different degree of man-caused pollution of the environment is conducted in this article. The author determines essential increase of average annual level of cold and influenza morbidity, tendency to growth of allergic pathology level among children preschool age visited kindergartens in man-caused polluted districts in comparison with indexes of morbidity of contemporaries from kindergartens located in ecologically "pure" micro-districts. Using of complex of health-improving measures decreases the level of morbidity among children in ecologically unfortunate districts. Key words: man-caused pollution of the environment, children preschool age, morbidity.
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Filippova A.V. ECOLOGICAL-BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF VERMICOMPOSTING OF ORGANIC-COMPRISING WASTE Biological methods of waste utilization allow their entering into resources cycle. The information of optimization of biological utilization process by means of using of natural heterotrophic organisms is given in this article. Waste features and its status are changed during the process of vermicomposting. Changes of physical, chemical and microbiological features allow giving the status of fertilizers to waste. The information about waste features’ changes depending on the type of agricultural animal, is given in this article.Key words: vermicomposting, earthworms, fertilizer, organic-comprising waste.
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Khisamov R.R., Kulagin A.A. USE OF HONEY RESOURCES IN PREDULASKAYA STEPPE IN BASHKORTOSTAN The article presents data of the use of natural melliferous in the forests and agrocenoses in the Western region of Bashkortostan beekeeping industry. It is established that having good potential for development of beekeeping in the region it is necessary to solve the questions of detailed inventory of existing honey resources and to develop the conditions for their realization on the base of geo-botanical surveys.Key words: beekeeping, bee plant, forest, agrocenosis, Bashkortostan.
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Yatsenko-Stepanova T.N., Nemtseva N.V. STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITY OF PONDS FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF CONCEPTION OF ASSOCIATIVE SYMBIOSISThe analysis of the structural organization of phytoplankton community of ponds revealed its multidimensional and complex integriority at the type of associative symbiosis. Methodical approaches to determine the individual components (master, dominant and associative mikropartnery) involving mathematics apparatus were worked out in this article. Key words: phytoplankton, associative symbiosis, community structure.
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Bykov A.V., Miroshnikov S.A., Mezhueva L.V. TO UNDERSTANDING OF THE CAVITATION PROCESSING ACTION ON THE PROPERTIES OF WASTE PRODUCTION The article presents the results of cavitation processing of cellulose waste. The advantages of cavitation hydrolysis of cellulose waste and derived products in the food of farm animals are shown here. The destruction of the cell structure of plant material by cavitation effects to increase the bioavailability of components of raw materials is considered in this swork.Key words: cellulose waste, ultrasound, cavitation, digestibility of dry matter, microbiological semination
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Vishnyakov A.I. ELECTRONIC-MICROSCOPIC FEATURES OF MARROWY HEMATOSIS OF BIRDS The peculiarities of hematopoiesis formation in norm are shown at the researches on the bird using electronic-microscopic techniques.Key words: hematopoiesis, red bone marrow, programed differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells of erythroid, granulocytic and megakariotsitarnogo series, reticulum, fat, adventitia, endothelial cells and macrophages.
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Dementieva E.V., Likhachev S.F. MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS OF PERITRICHOUS INFUSORIA TO ATTACHED LIFE STYLE Adaptive changes in the size and form of peristome, depending on the object of attachment, the degree of carrier using as a source of food and nutritional conditions of the pond (zone of saprobic) are noted in peritrichous infusoria. With a lack of food resources the species with a wide peristome are dominated. At the improvement of nutrition conditions the size of peristome decreases (mainly in episois and mixobionts). Key words: peritrichous infusoria, adaptation, object of attachment, morphological features, feeding conditions.
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Dolgov M.A., Kosarev A.V. FAIR USE TERM "PASSIVE" TO LIVING MATTER FROM AN THERMODYNAMICS Based on the analysis of the thermodynamic nature of biological forms of matter in motion is shown illegitimate use of the term "passive" to living organisms. In living nature with its cyclical processes, in principle, there can be no motion without the cost of energy. Another thing is that in the opposite phase, preceding the so-called passive phase of the cycle, the energy "stored", but rather is potentiated in the first phase of the cycle. And, therefore, the second phase, too, can not be passive. Key words: passive and active processes, thermodynamic forces, gradients of parameters, the phase of motion.
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Lebedev S.V. PECULIARITIES OF INFLUENCE OF CD, I, SE AND ZN MICROELEMENTS ADDITIONAL INTRODUCTION INTO HEN-LAYERS RATION ON MAKROELEMENTARY STRUCTURE OF EGGS Key words: chemical elements, hen-layers, toxicant, essentiality , shell, yolk, protein.
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Smorodin A.V., Miroshnikova E.P., Abramova L.L. MORPHOLOGY OF STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN MUSCLE TISSUE AT MEAT MATURATION This article is devoted to the study of histological changes in the muscle tissue structure at autolysis of meat raw materials derived from cattle of different age-groups. These data allow making conclusions about the best qualitative changes of spado’s tissue during the process of ripening compared with the tissues of bulls and heifers. Key words: muscle fiber, ripening, sarcomere structure, histological changes.
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Zhurlov O.S., Gritsenko V.A., Brudastov Yu.A. INFLUENCE OF CULTIVATION TEMPERATURE ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL FEATURES OF ESСHERICHIA COLI К12 The analysis of influence of cultivation temperature on the dynamics of reproductive capacity and physical-chemical features (hydrophobicity, z-potential) of Essherichia coli K12 in periodic cultures is presented in this article. Chronological conjugacy changes of these features are observed at the optimal temperature of 37?C of Escherichia. Adaptation of E.coli to the sub- and supraoptimal temperature (27?C and 42?C) is accompanied with a marked modification of the analyzed characteristics and desynchronization of their dynamics.Key words: Essherichia coli K12, periodical cultivation, hydrophobicity, z-potential.
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Romanenko N.A., Terekhova M.S., Deryabin ALKYLXYBENZOLS INFLUENCE ON FUNCTIONAL ACTIVITY OF FC-FRAGMENTS OF ANTIBODIESAbility of alkylxybenzols (AOB) change the functional activity of Fc-fragments of antibodies responsible for the initiation of the classical wais of complement activation is studied in the system of complementdependent hemolysis. It is determined that in such system C6-AOB and C12-AOB but not in C1-AOB and C3-AOB have their own haemolytic effect in high concentrations. At lower concentrations C6-AOB and C12-AOB influence on the kinetic characteristics of reaction of complementdependent hemolysis causing a time increase of lysis coming of 50% target cells without changing of lytic reaction speed. Key words: antibodies, alkylxybenzols, Fc-fragments, complement, hemolysis.
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Semenov A.V. CONDITIONS FOR DETECTION OF MICROBIAL STIMULATION OF ANTAGONISTIC ACTIVITY OF PROBIOTICS The possibility of the increase the antagonistic activity of probiotic-strains with different cellular components of probiotic bacteria is determined in this article. The influence of cultivation conditions of strain-antagonist and bacteria-regulator on the stimulating activity of antagonism is revealed here. These effects must be considered at identifying, obtaining and using of microbial stimulants of bacterial antagonism. Metabolites and peptidoglycans of bacteria-stimulants are perspective for creation of new therapeutic and prophylactic biological products. Key words: antagonism, probiotics.
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Kamilov F.H. , Mamcev A.N., Abdullina G.M., Lobyreva О.V. ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY IODINEPOLYSACCHARIDE COMPLEX IN CORRECTION OF OXIDIZING METABOLISM AT EXPERIMENTAL THYROPRIVIAIn the article the results of research of activity of enzymes of power exchange of liver of rats are presented with a merkasolilovym thyroprivia and at his correction a iodinepolysaccharide complex "iodine-pectin". It is set that experimental thyroprivia, accompanied by the decline of activity of mitokhondrialnykh enzymes — malat- and glutamatdegidrogenas with the simultaneous increase of activity of suksinatdegidrogenases. The results of the conducted research testify to tireotropny activity of organomineral complex "iodine-pectin".Key words: enzymes, polysaccharide complex, oxidizing metabolism.
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Kulagina E.P., Ushakova Yu.V., Chepasov V.I. DETERMINING OF INTERCOMMUNICATION BETWEEN LEPTIN LEVEL AND IGF-1 IN BLOOD SERUM OF CHILDREN WITH 1 TYPE DIABETES (DM)The aim of the study was to determine the intercommunication between serum leptin level and IGF-1 of children with DM. 136 children aged 1—18 years were examined: with diabetes without DN — 112; diabetic patients with DN — 25. The authors assessed clinical and laboratory indexes, the concentration of IGF-1 and leptin in blood serum. As the methods of mathematical analysis methods were applied multivariate statistics (correlation, factor and regression analysis), which revealed patterns between leptin and IGF-1 in the studied groups. The results of correlation, factor and regression analysis showed that the patients with diabetes without DN the intercommunication between the index of leptin and IGF-1 is absent. Also they have found a reliable intercommunication between serum leptin and IGF-1 of patients with DN, from which they could conclude that the indexes of serum leptin and IGF-1 connected with DN and are markers of this complication. Established intercommunication shows that the index change of serum leptin potentiates the adverse effect of IGF-1 of patients with DN. Key words: mathematics, factor analysis, treatment of children, regression analysis, diabetes mellitus, level of serum leptin.
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Podkovkin V.G., Ivanov D.G. PHENAZEPAM INFLUENCE OF COLLAGEN METABOLISM OF RATS AT CHRONIC STRESS This article discusses the role of the central nervous system in the regulation of collagen metabolism. It is shown that in conditions of chronic stress on the background of increased activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, the intensity of the catabolism processes and anabolism of collagen of rats increases. Daily introduction of phenazepam per os in a dose of 10 mg/kg of the animal mass completely prevents the effect of chronic stress on the metabolism of collagen.
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Rusanov V.B. ONTOGENETIC ASPECTS OF CARDIAC STRUCTURE FORMING IN THE PROCESS OF SPECIFIC ADAPTATION TO MUSCULAR WORKThe article presents an analysis of dynamic changes in the system of central hemodynamics caused with morphofunctional restructurings of the myocardium structures in two age groups of males 12—13 and 18—22 years. The author considers the age aspect of the heart formation in conditions of intense muscular activity connected with endurance trainings. Key words: ontogeny, cardiac remodeling, adaptation, pubertal period, skiing.
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Sipailova O.Yu. Moiseeva E.V., Ivanov Yu.B. APPRAISAL OF THROMBODEFENCINS INFLUENCE ON THE GROWTH OF INTORTED BREAST CANCER "IN VIVO"Experimentally the authors observed the presence of antitumor activity in thrombodefencins, and more effective than the well-known immunomodulators, which are used as drug-comparison.Key words: thrombodefencins, cationic peptides, breast cancer (BC), antitumor activity.
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Yakovlev, DI, Prokofiev, AB, Tinkoff AN, Nikonorov AA HYPOLIPIDEMIC EFFECTS OF COURSE ALTITUDE CHAMBER HYPOXIA IN PATIENTS WITH MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION The effect of adaptation to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia (APBG) on the state of lipid profile of blood serum in 45 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) in a period of healing in comparison with the physical training that was conducted on 15 patients. Found that adaptive therapy leads to a significant reduction in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, triglyceride and atherogenic index. Revealed that the rate APBG accompanied by significant decrease by 6,6% of arolipoproteinov A1 in the serum, the major apo of HDL. Key words: myocardial infarction, adaptation, anoxia, cholesterol.
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Efremov I.V., Kuzmin O.N., Kushnareva O.P., Perekrestova E.N. INTEGRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MIGRATION FEATURES OF SOIL-PLANTS SYSTEMS Abstract. The article considers issues of appraisal of heavy metals migration of in soil-plant systems. The authors present the migration process of metals in soil-plant system as a stationary Markov’s process. On the basis of this approach integral indicator allowing appreciating the soil-plant system on their migratory ability is theoretically justified. The results of the integrated appraisal of soil-plant systems are given in this work. Key words: heavy metals, migration, modeling, soil-plant systems.
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Churilov G.I. INFLUENCE OF NANOPOWDERS OF IRON, COOPER, COBALT IN SOIL-PLANT SYSTEM The influence of ultradispenser powders of iron, copper, cobalt at processing of plant seeds of Argentina anserina and mountaineer bird, on the accumulation of carotene, ascorbic acid and carbohydrates is researched in this article. The author determined the comparative content of metals in the soil before and after planting.Key words: iron, copper, cobalt, influence, soil, plants.
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Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
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