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July 2015, № 7 (182)

Lyubichankovskiy A.V. MODERN CIVILIZATIONAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD IN CONTEXT OF THE L.N. GUMILEV CONCEPT OF ETHNOGENESISNowadays methodic of civilizational zoning is not universal. Such zoning, from our point of view, can be analyzed as geo-cultural phenomenon. For modern science, such zoning is still a question to discuss because it is extremely hard to find such integrating indexes reflecting a very complex structure of culture. The concept of L.N. Gumilev is geo-cultural, because it delimitates civilizations (super-ethnoses in terms of Gumilev) according behavioral stereotypes, which as cultural function influence on social, economic, military and other spheres. Author proceeds from the L.N. Gumilev concept of ethnogenesis, based on the assumption of the passionarity as bio-geo-chemical energy absorbed by the people after mutagenesis. Despite of the concept is not widely acknowledged, we underline its phenotypical character. Accepting the principle of the interpretation phenomena, we obtain not contradictory scientific picture of diverse processes of civilizational processes geography. Delimitation of civilization spaces according physiographic criteria is not correct because physiographic delimiters (for example sea dividing continents) in historical and cultural ways are often contact zones. Retrospective analysis of civilization zoning shows no general interpretations and even codification contradictions to such type of analysis. Thus the concept of L.N. Gumilev, based on criticism of civilization space delimitation methodic, ideate scientific relevance.


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About this article

Author: Lyubichankovskiy A.V.

Year: 2015

Sergey Aleksandrovich

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