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Orenburg State University september 18, 2020 RU/EN
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Dmitrieva N.M., Malakhova O.M., Porol O.A.
WORKING WITH MENTAL IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE [№ 4 ' 2018]
Mastering a foreign language is impossible without mastering the national culture reflected in mental concepts. The concept of «family» is one of the most important in the Russian language picture of the world and because its development plays an important role in the process of teaching foreign students Russian language.
The analysis of these dictionaries allowed us to establish the semantic shares of the concepts included in the field of the macroconcept «family». The central concepts are «father» and «mother» with a common semantic share of «the beginning of something». Significant concepts of «man» and «woman», the main purpose of which is to be a father and mother. The high meaning of these concepts is associated with the main functions of father and mother: protection, care for the offspring. The concepts of «son» and «brother» are combined with the previous sons obligations and reflect the conciliar worldview peculiar to the Russian mentality (brotherhood). All the names of the concepts of the field of macroconcept «family» in the dictionaries and the minds of modern Russian speakers are determined one through the other, their common characteristic is the word «native». Mastering mental concepts for foreign language students can be based on the work with dictionaries and reading of obligatory texts, which full of logical, emotional and mental information. Pre-text (work with new words and expressions) and post-text tasks (correlation of meanings characteristic of Russian with those given to verbalizers of concepts in a literary text; work with stable expressions, interpretation of the text in the aspect of understanding the peculiarities of the relationship of family members, reflecting the conceptual representations of Russian) in this case are aimed at identifying the features of mental concepts.

Porol O.A., Porol P.V.
AESTHETIC SEMANTICS IN LEXICON OF POETIC TEXTS OF LIE BAI [№ 7 ' 2016]
In the modern scientific world interest in Chinese, culture and mentality noticeably grew. One of difficult components of a research of the Chinese model of the world is the classical Chinese poetry. In article conceptualization of the world of Lie Bai is considered. The esthetic aspect in the analysis of semantics of the artistic text of the poet allows to open the dominating life signs defining semantic space of the poetic concept of the author. Functioning of esthetic semantics in the art world of Lie Bai is analyzed through key lexicon. The analysis of poetic works is carried out in semantic aspect using a method of calculation of semantic shares. The given combinations of the hieroglyphs which are going back to an esthetics of perception of external beauty show an originality of lyrics of the poet, open the new semantic relations, designating genesis of key esthetic words, characteristic of Lie Bai's poetry,— ‘green mountains’, ‘the crystal small river’, ‘the floating cloud’. As a result of a research the dominating valuable installation of attitude of the lyrical hero— joy of life is defined. The revealed semantic fullness of esthetic semantics is provided as the main. Reviewing of different options of a lexical background of esthetic semantics allowed to define its structure consisting from key esthetic words. The research of lyrics of Lie Bai allowed to reveal the following lines of esthetic semantics of his poetry: motionlessness— efficiency; detachment from the world for comprehension of the truth; life representation as limit completeness of life.

Dmitrieva N.M., Porol O.A.
PECULIARITIES OF VERBALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT "HOLINESS" IN THE CHURCH SLAVONIC AND OLD RUSSIAN LANGUAGES: THE ETHICAL DIMENSION [№ 1 ' 2016]
The concept of "holiness" contains a high ethical burden, is the peak mental moral values. Verbalization of the concept, however, little studied in linguistics. The origins of the dominant ethical burden of verbalization of the concept of "holiness" lies in old Church Slavonic and old Russian languages. An appeal to the dictionaries of this period enables us to identify the ethical fullness of the concept of "holiness", formed by Christian ideology. Comparative analysis of ethical meanings, characteristic of the dominant verbalization concept in old Church Slavonic and old Russian languages (Holiness, Holy, Saint, priesthood, light) allows one to identify the ethical meaning of the fraction concept "holiness": 1) "right believer"; "dedicated"; "all-perfect; righteous; living according to the rules prescribed by the faith", "enlightened by the light of the gospel teachings", "light, clean, immaculate", "sacrament of God"; 2) "with the Holy, blameless, righteous"; "ordained"; "sacred; based on the rules of faith"; "imbued with a sacred authority, sanctifying power", "associated with the Holy, belonging to the Holy"; "Holy, divine; pure, free"; "performing the commandments of God"; 3) "what makes a clear, comprehensible world"; "what makes a joyful, happy life"; "spiritual light"; "clean, pure"; "good, kind"; "blissful"; "education (about baptism)"; "piety". Share ethical meaning of the concept "holiness", implemented in the semantics of the dominant verbalization demonstrate the importance of the mental concept and its inclusion in the ethical sphere of concepts, along with concepts: God, faith, grace, Truth (Christ), truth, truth, righteousness, justice, unity, joy, wonder, piety, honesty, chastity, etc. over the whole study period verbalizing the main concept and their derivatives are highly ethical significance and of constant positive connotation. However, among verbalisation there are a number of ethical words with "opposite" values, which stresses the importance of the concept in Russian mentality.

Porol O.A.
THE POETIC CONCEPT OF LIFE IN THE BIBLE DISCOURSE OF YU. BALTRUSHAYTIS [№ 11 ' 2015]
In the modern literary criticism interest in Yu.Baltrushaytis's poetry, his personality noticeably grew, on the other hand it is possible to mark a lack of the operations devoted to his art attitude. In article the concept of life in a bible discourse of Yu.Baltrushaytis is considered. The bible aspect in the analysis of the artistic text allows to open the dominating life signs defining semantic space of the poetic concept of the author. Functioning of the bible text in the art world of Yu.Baltrushaytis is analyzed through spatio-temporal symbolics. The analysis of poetic works is carried out in semantic aspect using a method of text parallels. The given semantic parallels (motive of germination of a seed, prayful glorification, pleasure of life, vision "great in small", etc.) show a stylistic originality of lyrics of the poet, open the new semantic relations, designating genesis of bible characters, characteristic for Baltrushaytis's poetry,— a garden and day. As a result of research the dominating valuable installation of attitude of the lyrical hero— a completeness and pleasure of life is defined. The revealed semantic fullness of life is provided as the main. Reviewing of different options of a lexical background of life allowed to define its structure consisting of a triad: light— pleasure— the word. The space filled with light, this space won from emptiness, appearing as a result of overcoming of planar perception of the world, climbing to the prayful Word. Research of poetic texts of Yu. Baltrushaytis allowed to reveal the following lines of the concept of life: presence of bible symbolics (garden, day); perception of death as beginnings of day of new life; realization of omnipresence of God; existence celestial in the earth; life representation as limit completeness of life, pleasure and light.

Porol O.A., Prosvirkina I.I., Dmitriyeva N.M.
MOTIVES OF THE BEGINNING AND THE END IN THE BIBLE DISCOURSE OF M.VOLOSHIN [№ 11 ' 2014]
In article specifics of space and time in a bible discourse of M.Voloshin are considered. The analysis of poetic texts is carried out in semantic aspect with application of a method of text parallels. In work research in works of the poet of functioning of the bible text in the analysis of existential motives of the beginning and end is new.

Porol O.A.
BIBLE LINES OF THE IMAGE OF TIME IN . BLOK'S AND .MANDELSHTAM'S OEUVRE [№ 11 ' 2013]
The author of article in bible aspect considered an image of time in A.Blok's and O.Mandelstam's creativity. The semantic analysis of poetic texts is carried out with application of a method of text parallels.At research of structure of an image of time theoretical works of poets were considered.

Porol O.A.
BIBLE MOTIVE OF A WAY IN LYRICS OF AKMEIST [№ 11 ' 2012]
In article the bible motive of a way in lyrics of akmeist for the first time is considered. The analysis of poetic texts is carried out in semantic aspect with application of a method of text parallels.

Porol O.A.
BIBLE DISCOURSE IN EARLY CREATIVITI OF A. BLOK [№ 4 ' 2012]
The author of article in ontologic aspect considers the poetic concept of space and time of creativity of A.Blok. Semantic fullness of a concept "circle" is most in detail considered.

Porol O.A.
THE POETIC CONCEPT OF SPACE AND TIME IN LYRIC POET BY A.A. AHMATOYA [№ 11 ' 2011]
The author of article considers the poetic concept of space and time in A.A.Ahmatova creativity. The review of texts of the period of the Silver age is offered to the reader. In research consideration of poetic texts in ontologic aspect is new.

Porol O.A.
ONTOLOGICAL SPACE IN POETRY OF MENDELSHTAM [№ 6 ' 2011]
The author of the article considered poetic conception of space and time in creativity of O.E.Mandelstam in the ontological aspect. The reader is invited to review the texts of different time periods. The lyric of the poet at 1908–1937 periods is analyzed. The semantic fullness of the concept "eternity" is discussed in detail.


Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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