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Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL SENSE OF THE CONCEPT ‘LOVE’ IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD (ON THE MATERIAL OF DICTIONARIES OF THE XI—XIX CENTURIES) [№ 7 ' 2016]
The concept of ‘love’ is ethically significant concept underlying the ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world. Despite the fact that the concept ‘love’ is actively studied in modern linguistics, its ethical content and its relationship with other concepts in diachrony illuminated little. The ethical loading of the concept ‘love’ goes back to the idea of a Christian and disclosed when referring to the Church Slavonic language, depicting the ‘original’ system of values of the Russian people. An analysis of the ethical burden of verbalization concept on the material of explanatory dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to Church Slavonic and Russian languages from different periods allowed to follow ethical changes in the semantics of the dominant derivatives. The study of these encyclopedic dictionary ‘Ethics’, scientific papers of the dictionary of Church Slavonic language gave the ability to set ethical notional share of the concept: ‘the good, given by God and which consists in the ability to be compassionate and to do good’. On the basis of the Christian understanding of love and the analysis of the values of the dominant verbalization in different periods, it can be argued that the concept ‘love’ is a core ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world and finds a connection with the concepts: benefit, goodness, patience, mercy, meekness, humility, wisdom, virtue, joy, truth, faith, hope, courage etc. the Idea of connections in the conceptual field of love refers to the catholicity serving strukturin the ethical concept of the Russian concept sphere. Native love is divided into divine (love of God) and earthly (love of neighbor). The significance of the concept is confirmed by a large number of derivatives that involves in the area of concept new concepts. On the other hand, such a broad application of verbalization concept leads to desacralization and, consequently, a decrease in ethical significance, and sometimes to her loss. For example, the appearance of derivatives ‘lubovina’ (clean, good meat, no fat or bones and tendons), ‘liubivschyna’ (any that caught my fancy to choose from; chicken or pork meat remaining on fat, on cut it) in the nineteenth century. Semantic share ‘willingly, with passion’ in old Slavonic / Church Slavonic and old Russian languages clearly separates the attachment of the person as virtuous and sinful that it almost disappears in the modern language: laboraotory (to mercy), subobjectives (God-loving, Bogolubsky), lubomirsky (lubomorie pious), lyubomirsky (loving humility), etc.; lubany (addicted to war), labolatory (which is enslaved to the lusts of the flesh and mired in filth bodily), Lubica (too big body care), etc. This feature in the understanding of the concept is preserved in the XIX century. Love as affection between two people of different sexes are divided into ‘permitted’, ‘legal’, according to old Slavic beliefs — ‘earth’ (any — kind, love, beloved, darling, nravno; lovers in love with each other, the couple, lubamast or couples), and on sinful, harshly condemn: luteete (to fall into fornication), adultery (surrender to the will of carnal motives, the confluence of the bestial condition), etc. Throughout the development of the language and to the correlation of the concept ‘love’ with other ethical concepts. The ethical burden of many verbalization concept is reduced but does not disappear.

Dmitrieva N. M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL CONTENT OF THE CONCEPT "WISDOM" IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PICTURE OF THE WORLD [№ 2 ' 2016]
The concept of "wisdom" is ethically significant, and is in the nuclear area of the ethical concept sphere of Russian language picture of the world. Despite the fact that the concept included in the dictionary of ethics, his ethical sense studied in linguistics. The ethical loading of the concept "wisdom" is revealed when referring to the Church Slavonic language, captured in the "primordial form" the system of values of Russian people. An analysis of the ethical content of the concept of verbalization wisdom on the material of explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language in different periods made it possible to trace an ethical change in the semantics of derivatives of the dominant "wisdom" and "wise". This aspect of the study demonstrates a novelty approach to the study of the concept of "wisdom". Analysis of the data dictionary of the Church Slavonic language has allowed to establish the proportion of semantic concept with the highest degree of ethical significance: "the prudence, the wisdom, the insight, based on humility before God and love for Him" that resonates with the philosophical understanding of wisdom as "a holistic, spiritually practical knowledge, focused on comprehension of absolute sense of life". Initially, wisdom is closely linked to such ethical concepts as love, humility (meekness), courage, chastity.

Dmitrieva N.M., Lintovskaya E.M.
THE ETHICAL LOADING OF THE CONCEPT OF "MEEKNESS" IN THE DICTIONARY (DIACHRONIC ASPECT) [№ 11 ' 2015]
The concept of "meekness" contains a high ethical burden, is main place to the mental system of moral values, however, remains poorly studied in linguistics. The article discusses the ethical loading of the concept of "meekness" in the material of dictionaries of Church Slavonic and Russian language of the XI — XIX centuries, together with the analysis of the semantic fullness of a concept in religious and secular discourse. Examines the semantic peculiarities of verbalization of the concept of "meekness": the meek, quiet (silence), humble (humility). Our analysis has determined the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept of "meekness" is "gentleness, humility, silence, kindness as a property of God himself and the ideal of man." The concept of "meekness" is included in a number of ethical concepts, along with sirenomelia, mercy, righteousness, love, etc. throughout the entire study period verbalizing the main concept and their derivatives possess a high degree of ethical significance, that is, an ethical meaning retain a share in all the values or one values. However, in the semantics of words, verbalized concept, with the passage of time is the development of values with a negative connotation, as well as ethically "opposite" values: humility (humiliation, chagrin, humiliation, enslavement, humiliation, jerk), to humble (humiliate, to offend, to cause to submit), quiet (secretive and prevaricator), tigoda (secretive, canny). It is noted that "humility" is different from "humility" and "meekness" is semantically, as it indicates to a greater extent the way to meekness, and the last two verbalization — the property itself. Found that the proportion of the ethical meaning of the concept stored in the internal form of words, verbalized concept, and their derivatives.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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