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Orenburg State University october 31, 2020 RU/EN
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Fomina M.V., Mikhailova E.A., Kuznetsova N.P., Morozov A.I., Kirgizova S.B., Aznabaeva L.M., Zherebyatyeva O.., Safarova D.R.
MEDICAL-ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF RESISTANCE MICROFLORA IN CHILDREN WITH ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT [№ 12 ' 2017]
Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract bacterial nature of the disease, which most often otolaryngologists in modern conditions are becoming increasingly epidemiological, economic and social significance. The trend in recent years has been the changing epidemiology of causative agents of this disease, the properties of the pathogens, resistance to drugs. Along with this, there are regional differences of indicators of resistance of microorganisms, which complicates the selection of antimicrobial agents in starting empirical therapy of acute rhinosinusitis in children. A monitoring study of the species composition of microflora of nasal cavity showed that, along with the leading (80.3%) etiologically significant representatives of pathogenic flora — gram-positive cocci (mainly Staphylococcus ureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus), the microflora was represented by gram-negative rods bacteria of the genus Klebsiella (Klebsiella pneumonicae) — 1.6%. Among non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria in 0.8% of cases were allocated to members of the genus Pseudomonas. According to the study, the selected isolates of Staphylococcus haemolyticus were not sensitive to ampicillin/sulbactam in 75% of cases, ceftazidime — 73.3%, the highest activity possessed antimicrobial agents ceftriaxone (87.5%) and azithromycin (89.1% of cases). In turn, Staphylococcus ureus in 54.5% of cases were sensitive to ceftazidime, 45.4% to oxacillin. Observed high sensitivity of the pathogen to erythromycin (100%), gentamycin (100%), ofloxacin and ceftriaxone — 90.9% of cases. The results obtained, taking into account regional differences in the indicators of resistance of microorganisms and their sensitivity to antibiotics, can be used in starting the empirical therapy of acute rhinosinusitis in children.

Kuznetsova S.V., Bystritskaya E.V.
POTENTIAL OF THEATRICAL PEDAGOGY IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF THE TEACHER [№ 10 ' 2017]
Teachers’ professional education has been changing significantly to meet the modern requirements for the specialist in education. Theatrical pedagogy plays a great part in the formation of significantly new personal and professional characteristics of the teacher, as well as in expanding the technological tools of the teacher and raising the level of his artistic and aesthetic culture. The principles of theatrical pedagogy do not contradict the basic provisions of developing education, but rather clarify and disclose the individual aspects of this pedagogical technology. The compatibility of P.Galperin’s technology on the step-by-step formation of mental actions with the method of forming psychophysical actions by M.Chekhov helps a teacher to develop improvisation as a genuine artistry which becomes an automatic skill and triggers a teacher’s creative potential that is revealed in the practical use of acquired competences. The mechanisms of theatrical pedagogy positively affect the numerous components of the educational process. The complex use of theatrical pedagogy methods will allow the teacher to ensure the productivity of the entire teaching and educational process, since the creative nature of the teacher’s activity not only lends itself to formation, but must also be formed.

Kuznetsova O.S., Fokin V.P.
THE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF EKSIMERLAZERNY SURGERY AFTER APPLICATION THE ORTOKERATOLOGICHESKIKH OF CONTACT LENSES [№ 12 ' 2015]
Analysis of results of LASIK patients who applied to the operation orthokeratology lens. The results of LASIK in 50patients (100eyes). In the first group there were 20patients (40eyes) which are used to LASIK orthokeratology lenses (CPR). Experience carrying 6 months up to 1.5years. Patients using hard contact lenses reverse geometry "Emerald" company "Euclid Systems Corporation" (USA) of gas permeable material Opticon A with a range from –1.0 to –5,5Dptr refraction and indicators ophthalmometres from 41.0 to 45.5diopters. The second group consisted of 30patients (60eyes), which had LASIK surgery was used only spectacle correction (control group). The average thickness of the corneal flap was (118.2±4.3)mm. After 1week after LASIK in the first group SE averaged (0.35±0.26)diopters, 1month— (0.4±0.18)diopters, 6months— (0.4±0.12)diopters. After 1week of ELS in the second group SE was equal to— (0.47±0.21)diopters, 1month— (0.41±0.13)diopters, 6months— (0.35±0.12)diopters. BCVA at all follow-up of both study groups was1.0. Use of OKL in patients with myopic refraction does not adversely affect the course of LASIK surgery and has no effect on the results of excimer laser surgery.

Fokin V.P., Kuznetsova O.S.
RESULTS OF APPLICATION OF OVAL RINGS AT OPERATIONS LAZIK [№ 12 ' 2015]
Explore the possibilities and characteristics of the metal reusable vacuum ring with an oval hole for fixing when LASIK. The results of 426 LASIK with using metal reusable vacuum rings with an oval hole were analyzed. Excimer correction was performed by using excimer laser SCHWIND AMARIS (Germany). Metal reusable vacuum ring with an oval hole is well fixed on the eyes of patients with different diameter of the cornea. In 10% of cases pointed cutting edge vascular network of the cornea, more pronounced in the upper part, especially in patients long-term use of contact lens. Metal reusable vacuum rings with an oval hole for fixing are easy-to-use and they allow to minimize trauma of marginal glomerulal vasculature, when horizontal corneal diameter 10,5mm. The nomogram to determine the amount of corneal flap legs optimal size. Recommended manufacture and use of the ring to "0" for the operations in the flat corneas to generate corneal grafts larger diameter.

Fokin V.P., Makovkin E.M., Kuznetzova O.S.
LONG-TERM RESULTS OF LASIK IN EYES WITH ULTRATHIN CORNEA [№ 12 ' 2014]
There were analyzed results of myopic LASIK performed in 105 patients (210 eyes) with ultrathin cornea. Use of mechanical linear microkeratome "Moria" One-Use-Plus SBK provides a thin predictable corneal flap. Application of excimer laser Schwind Amaris allows achieving high visual functions and stable refraction in remote postsurgical period. Myopic LASIK is a safe, effective and highly-predictable surgery in patients with ultrathin cornea.

Kuznetsova V.B.
FEATURES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN STAFF MANAGEMENT AT THE MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISES [№ 8 ' 2014]
In modern environment of machine-building enterprises is the use of topical information platforms in the organization of the staff. Intense competition makes heads of company recognize significant role of information technology in human resource management. The necessity of organizing a uniform information space in the enterprise and implementing PDM-system providing staff efficiency.

Kuznetsova I.P.
ON THE EXPERIENCE OF FIGHTING AGAINST CHILD HOMELESSNESS IN THE BASHKIR ASSR (1945–1964) [№ 7 ' 2014]
The paper analyzes the issue of directions, stages, characteristics and problems of control and prevention of mass child homelessness, child neglect and help for children and adolescents from the state and the public in the Bashkir ASSR in 1945–1964.

Kuznetsova N.I.
MONITORING COMMERCIAL FARMS WITH THE PURPOSE OF SOLVING PROBLEMS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT [№ 4 ' 2014]
The solution of the problems of development of commercial family forms of agriculture could be made on the basis of questioning of the heads of the last. The solution of the following problems: limited marketing opportunities, products processing, lending, insurance — is to organize information and consulting centers in the regions, to make more popular using official cooperatives — had been proposed.

Makovkin E.M., Kuznetsova O.S.
THE RESULTS OF LASIK ON THIN AND ULTRA-THIN CORNEA [№ 4 ' 2013]
There were compared the results of 113 LASIK procedures (57 patients) performed on thin and ultra-thin cornea. It was revealed that application of mechanical longitudinal microkeratome "Moria" One-Use-Plus SBK ensures consistent and precise creation of a thin corneal flap which makes excimer laser surgery safe and effective even when dealing with thin and ultrathin corneas.

Kuznetsova T.V.
FROM BEAUTIFUL TO THE SUBLIME (CONCEPTUAL SKETCH) [№ 7 ' 2012]
The human history can be considered from different points of view, the author says: both as a process of spiritual self-development, and as progress in freedom realization, progress of productive forces. It is also possible to consider it as a continuous development of human understanding of beauty. In the article it is shown, how the idea of "beautiful" developed from antiquity to the present, connection between understanding of beaut)' and fashion. This concept is applied, first of all, to fashion on clothes and cosmetics, and in a broader use — to style of life, entertainments and choice of commodities.

Kuznetsova E.G.
ON THE FORMATION OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS IN ADOLESCENTS [№ 2 ' 2012]
The article deals with the formation of value orientations of adolescents, the results of investigations of value orientations of teenagers; review of the components, mechanisms and models of value formation.

Kuznetsova E.G.
TO THE QUESTION OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS FORMING OF TEENAGERS [№ 2 ' 2011]
The article deals with the formation of value orientations of adolescents, the results of investigations of value orientations of teenagers; review of the components, mechanisms and models of value formation.

Kuznetsova E.G.
PERSONAL VALUES: CONCEPT, APPROACHES TO THE CLASSIFICATION [№ 10 ' 2010]
The author examined approaches to the determination of concept of personal values, approaches to their classification, and also the problem of the transformation of general human values into the personal.

Kuznetsova V.B.
FORMING OF AN APPROACH TO CONDUCTING OF FUNCTIONAL-COST ANALYSIS ON THE BASE OF APPRAISAL OF STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF EXPENSES AND CHARGES OF A PRODUCT PRODUCTION [№ 2 ' 2010]
Functional-cost analysis is directed on the research of expenses (charges, prime cost, disbursements). The important problem is a search of ways of optimization of all types of production costs (charges, prime cost, disbursements) and increase of a product’s competitiveness (products, works, services). At the process of solution making the information is analyzed. Statistic method of appraisal of dynamics and structure of expenses (charges, prime cost, disbursements) as one of approaches to the conducting of functional-cost analysis is presented in this work.

Rakhmatullina I.V., Kuznetsova E.V.
RESULTS OF RESEARCHES OF SOIL ALGOFLORA OF SOUTH BASHKIR REGION [№ 6 ' 2009]


Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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