April 2018, № 4 (216), pages 101-107doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-216-101
Shatunovskiy V.L., Shatunovskaya E.A THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AS DIRECTED AND CONTROLLED SELF-LEARNINGInformatization of modern society requires changes in the system of education. The traditional lecture and lesson system does not always allow students to develop skills and abilities that are needed in their future professional life. There is a need to develop such didactic forms and methods that would maximally intensify not only the students' autonomy in the educational process, but also update their skills of generating, transmitting, presenting and processing information.
These tasks may correspond to the method of guided and controlled self-learning, in which the leading role is played by the subject orientation of the educational process. The educational activity is organized through specially designed textbooks with options for the gradual development of knowledge, the formation of skills and abilities at a convenient pace for the student.
Correct implementation of the method of guided and controlled self-study is possible under certain conditions:
– intelligible target determination of the educational material offered in the manual;
– the integrity of the proposed educational material, ensured compliance with the goals;
– full compliance of the control and test tasks with the developed goals of mastering a particular discipline, relevant, in turn, to general and professional competencies in the direction (specialty) of student training;
– the main content-structural unit of textbooks in the implementation of the method of guided and controlled self-study is the «educational text»;
– «educational text» includes motivating and informative components that are closely interconnected and can be repeatedly updated;
– ergonomic algorithmization of the process of learning the text, requiring the correct technical design of the interface of the textbook;
– phasedness and variability of test and test assignments that support the general logic and teaching aid, and the disciplines for which it is, in fact, directed.
Modern computer technologies allow to realize all the listed conditions. However, often these opportunities remain unclaimed.Key words: educational process, cognitive activity, students, teaching and learning, earning activities, web-based learning materials, directed activities, self-learning, Internet sites, project activities, learning objectives, teaching objectives, learning control, e-learning, activity and self-know, control and self-control, the level of achievement of learning objectives.
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Authors: Shatunovskaya E.A., Shatunovskiy V.L.