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July 2016, № 7 (195)

Sivohip Z.T. SUSTAINABLE WATER USE AS A FACTOR OF HYDROECOLOGICAL SAFETY IN TRANSBOUNDARY BASIN RIVER URALThe article analyzes the modern ecological and hydrological situation in the Ural River transboundary basin taking into account the water situation in the regions. Despite the fact that in the process of intensive economic development of river basins purchased from the key-socio-economic characteristics, the main functional categories are determined by the specificity of the natural catchment areas. At the same time, cross-border river basin is a complex spatially integrated and multifunctional system, where the eco-geographical and socio-economic processes, one way or another, are determined by the geopolitical features. In this regard, the problems to achieve sustainable water management in transboundary river basins will be complicated by a complex water management, institutional and administrative differences. Due to the specifics of the spatial structure, the transboundaryriver Ural a significant number of different business entities, which are characterized by different indicators of water supply on the background of the development of a diversified economy. In the area of direct cross-border contacts include Orenburg, West Kazakhstan and Aktobe regions and the peripheral zone to form the hy-drographic basin areas within the Republic of Bashkortostan and the Chelyabinsk region of the Russian Federation and the Atyrau region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. There is no doubt that such a structure difficult water situation and may lead to the manifestation of various dangerous hydrological situations. Obviously, the specifics of the current regional structure of water is determined by the intensity of the economic development of the catchment areas, which was carried out in stages in view of the growing economic needs of the state. In general, it should be noted that the severity of the situation with water supply sectors of the economy and the population of Russia and Kazakhstan connected with the limited water resources, unevenly-dimensionality of their distribution in the territory, significant variability in time and a high degree of contamination.Key words: sustainable water management, transboundary basin, the hydrological regime of guaranteed water supply, integrated management.


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About this article

Author: Sivohip Zh.T.

Year: 2016

Sergey Aleksandrovich

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