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April2016, №4(192)



Markova T.O., Repsh N.V., slov M.V., Egorenchev S.E. PROBLEMS OF BEEKEEPING AND DISEASES OF BEES IN DALNERECHENSK REGION (PRIMORYE TERRITORY, RUSSIAN FAR EAST)The main problems of beekeeping in Dalnerechensk region of Primorye territory (Russian Far East) are low demand and low purchasing prices for honey and bee products; strengthening the anthropogenic pressure on the natural landscape; weight-staff deforestation, accompanied by the destruction of the most valuable honey plants (Tilia amurensis Rupr., T.mandshurica Rupr., T.taquetii C.K.Schneid.); damage of forests and the strong defeat of trees crowns by caterpillars of Lymantria disparL. In Dalnerechensk region dangerous parasitic diseases of bees are varroatoz caused by ticks of the genus Varroa Oudemans (Acari: Varroidae) and askosferoz caused by a parasitic fungus Ascosfera apis. Honeydew toxicosis, pollen toxicosis and nectar toxicosis are diseases of adult bees, bee-breadwinner and brood, which arise as a result of power honeydew honey or honeydew, pollen of Juglans mandshurica Maxim., Ligustrina amurensis Rupr., Aconitumsp., Veratrumsp., poisonous nectar plants of Ligustrina amurensis Rupr., Ledum palustreL., Veratrumsp., Aconitumsp., Alliumsp. For the prevention and treatment of varroatoz and askosferoz in summer cut honeycomb with drone brood; in autumn family is treated with insecticides and fungicides. For the prevention of honeydew toxicosis before wintering bees removed from the hives of honey greater number and replace it with sugar syrup, families spend an early show for the cleaning flyby. For the prevention of pollen toxicosis and nectar toxicosis the mass flowering of poisonous plants it is recommended to feed the bees with liquid sugar or honey syrup. Radical measure is the removal of bees from areas where the disease is common.Key words: Russian Far East, Primorye territory, Dalnerechensk region, beekeeping, Apis melliferaL., honey plants, diseases.

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About this article

Authors: Maslov M.V., Markova T.O., Repsh N.V., Egorenchev S.E.

Year: 2016


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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