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November 2015, № 13 (188)



Petrishchev V.P. THE INTERNATIONAL DIVERSITY OF LANDSCAPES SALT DOME ORIGIN: FEATURES OF FORMATION,ISSUES OF PROTECTION AND RATIONAL USESalt tectonics as one option orogeny has an important feature — breaking through the post-salt rock salt diapirs transform the landscape structure, activating inter-component interaction through the inclusion in the process of landscape genesis as the salt core, and the whole complex of deep-lying geological formation, caught on the surface. Geological anomalies, which is essentially a saline-dome uplift, initiated a whole range of other abnormalities that can interact and vzaimoobuslavlivatsya. These should include hydrogeological and hydrological, geomorphological, climatic, geological and hydro-geochemical anomalies, anomalies of soil and vegetation, which add up to a dynamic range of natural compounds called saline-dome landscapes. Salt-dome structures are one of the most important objects of subsoil use and play a major role in the formation of natural resource potential. The variety of usage of salt structures as fields of rock and potassium salt, gypsum, building materials, various minerals, storage of fuel and radioactive waste, as well as their value as collectors for the oil and natural gas results in a significant number of accidents and disasters at the mines, education deeply disturbed tehnogeosistem impact on urban areas. However, saline-dome landscapes concentrated high recreation and balneological potential due to the formation of geosystems with unique properties lithofacial formations (mineral mud), natural waters (natural brine), as well as air quality in underground workings (speleotherapy).Key words: salt tectonics landscape genesis, geochemical anomalies, geomorfostruktury, salt dome basin.

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About this article

Author: Petrishchev V.P.

Year: 2015


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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