Pankratiev P.V., Vlackaya I.V., Petrishchev V.P., Stepanov A.S., Baranov D.A.
DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCE OF INFORMATION CARTOGRAPHIC DATA PORTAL OF ORENBURG REGION ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY [№ 5 ' 2016]
Nowadays, when Internet communication increases the impact on all spheres of human life and society, the problem of providing the user with accurate and timely information on the state of natural objects and processing of Web-content is in the public domain, is extremely significant. The main objective of the development of the portal was the expansion of the information space of the Orenburg region in the field of ecology and the environment for scientific, educational and administrative purposes. Using the portal will significantly improve the quality of employment in educational institutions, institutions of higher and secondary education. Regional environmental portal can be viewed from one side, as a distance learning, and, on the other hand, as a means of interactive training elements study. Actualization of the portal new data research creates the possibility of the publication of scientific achievements and discoveries. Of particular importance is the information component of the portal to increase the efficiency management decision-making by public authorities in the field of environmental protection. In the operation of the portal is expected to saturate the thematic sections copyright specialized data posted on the cartographic basis. A database management system allows users to update the information portal, build queries, prepare local databases. Further development of the portal supposes the possibility of joining the development of photographic materials for specific projects, the development of Environmental Forum, the formation of the environmental pages of schools, publication of scientific papers students.
Baranov D.A., Vlatka V.I., Pankratiev P.V., Petrishchev V.P., Stepanov A.S.
SOFTWARE PLATFORM BUILDING INTERACTIVE MAPPING SERVICES [№ 4 ' 2016]
Mapping services are becoming an integral part of modern life. They are used in various spheres of life che rights. Non-commercial mapping services for the quality of work requires the involvement of qualified programmers to modify the software code. The cost of commercial mapping services, operating with large volumes of data does not allow them to be used in most non-commercial projects. In the course of the project to create the portal of ecological safety of the Orenburg region has developed a universal software platform for building map services, can significantly reduce the complexity of the process of their development. From existing solutions platform favorably the use of free and open software at its core. In developing the platform used Xia framework Django language Python (version 1.8). Applications built according to the design pattern, "Model-view-controller" (Model View Controller, MVC). The main part used is given map-tion is stored in a PostgreSQL database with the extension PostGIS. The result of the submission of a HTML-page, but this may be the data in a different format — PNG, JSON, XML, etc. Portal development environ-tion safety Orenburg region was selected GIS Geoserver. Requests for data visualization to Geoserver through the protocol Web Feature Service (WFS) and Web Map Service (WMS) for vector and raster data, respectively. The first project, implemented on a platform of information mapping portal has become the environmental safety of the Orenburg region, that combines data on the ecological state of natural complexes, owls and man-made objects of the Orenburg region. Continued use of a universal software platform allows you to create high-quality car-tograficheskie services do not require a significant investment in software.
Tarasova T.F., Petrishchev V.P., Stepanov A.S., Davigora A.V., Kean N.O., Grivko E.V.
MATERIALS FOR THE ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SUBSTANTIATION OF THE ORGANIZATION OF REGIONAL NATURE RESERVES IN THE TERRITORY GUBERLIN MOUNTAINS [№ 3 ' 2016]
For the territory of Russia is characterized by intense, in some regions the acute ecological situation. Orenburg region refers to the industrial development of regions of Russia. The geographical position of the region and climate have a significant impact on the environment of the region and its biodiversity. Guberlinskoy mountains and Karagai-Guberlinskoy Gorge are natural objects of the Orenburg region, stand out in terms of landscape and biological diversity. They are distinguished by high saturation of unique geological objects, such as mica schist — the oldest in the region geological formation, limestone reefs, dikes volcanic rocks, intrusive massifs. Within Guberlin mountains noted 7 species of plants and 9 species of animals listed in the Red Book of the Orenburg region and the Russian Federation. Karagai-Guberlinskoy Gorge is a habitat for species of plants 6 and 7 species with this status. In addition to the environmental value of land reserves for future perspective in the use of tourism potential and has a fairly high capacity tourism. Scientific activity reserves the educational component is assumed to be in the form of increased research and in attracting school summer camps and bases of University practices in the reserve. Creating a regional landscape and biological reserves "Guberlinskoy Mountain" and "Karagay-Guberlinskoy Gorge" is a significant contribution to the stabilization of the ecological situation in the industrialized East Orenburg. This will increase the area of a regional network of protected areas is almost two — to 280 000 ha, amounting to 2.3 % of the area of the Orenburg region.
THE INTERNATIONAL DIVERSITY OF LANDSCAPES SALT DOME ORIGIN: FEATURES OF FORMATION,ISSUES OF PROTECTION AND RATIONAL USE [№ 13 ' 2015]
Salt tectonics as one option orogeny has an important feature — breaking through the post-salt rock salt diapirs transform the landscape structure, activating inter-component interaction through the inclusion in the process of landscape genesis as the salt core, and the whole complex of deep-lying geological formation, caught on the surface. Geological anomalies, which is essentially a saline-dome uplift, initiated a whole range of other abnormalities that can interact and vzaimoobuslavlivatsya. These should include hydrogeological and hydrological, geomorphological, climatic, geological and hydro-geochemical anomalies, anomalies of soil and vegetation, which add up to a dynamic range of natural compounds called saline-dome landscapes. Salt-dome structures are one of the most important objects of subsoil use and play a major role in the formation of natural resource potential. The variety of usage of salt structures as fields of rock and potassium salt, gypsum, building materials, various minerals, storage of fuel and radioactive waste, as well as their value as collectors for the oil and natural gas results in a significant number of accidents and disasters at the mines, education deeply disturbed tehnogeosistem impact on urban areas. However, saline-dome landscapes concentrated high recreation and balneological potential due to the formation of geosystems with unique properties lithofacial formations (mineral mud), natural waters (natural brine), as well as air quality in underground workings (speleotherapy).
Kazachkov G.V., Levykin S.V., Petrischev V.P., Yakovlev I.G., Grudinin D.A.
ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL THRESHOLD OF ARABILITY FOR STEPPE AGRARIAN LANDS [№ 10 ' 2015]
The tools of steppe agrarian landscape optimizing based upon the converting ploughland biopotential productivity unit into the term of money with cash flow discounting is developed. The ecological and economical threshold of arability for steppe agrarian lands is found.
Petrishev V.P., Noreika S.Y., Petrisheva N.V., Akhmedenov K.M.
ANALYSIS OF FEATURES OF COMPONENTS OF LANDSCAPE GEOSYSTEMS SALT-ORIGIN WESTERN CASPIAN DEPRESSION [№ 6 ' 2015]
Caspian basin is the world's largest area of salt-dome structures. Vaults salt uplifts, whose total number in the region reaches 3000, form a complex laminar structure caused by overflowing salt overburden pressure from the lower to the upper floors of tectonic. A variety of salt domes make the region into a convenient site for the study of the processes of manifestation of salt tectonics in the structure of the landscape. Active salt dome is accelerating inter-component communication, which allows to evaluate their importance in the formation of natural systems in the general theory of landscape genesis. The article investigates the origin of poorly studied landscape salt dome western part of the Caspian depression — Inder salt dome, salt domes Aralsor, Bish-Choho and Small Bogd (Urpek). As a form of expression of salt structures in the landscape complexes geomorphological interest are manifestations of salt domes in the western part of the Caspian Basin, forming ridges on the basis of gypsum plaster ruined caprocks may mean particular origin are not directly dependent on the existence of salt tectonism. The specific properties of springs Inder salt-dome are of particular interest, is the nature of the output water is not peculiar to the area. Geochemical features of soils are in their desalination on Inder karst hills leading to the formation litomorphs soils. Geomorphological research facilities raised in the article, were conducted in the field, post-processing of the accumulated material and comparing it with the available sources affecting the study of geomorphology territory. The study of the chemical composition of the springs Inder conducted on the basis of laboratory findings water samples taken during the expedition. Soil survey carried out by the classical method of bookmarks soil catena, as well as laboratory tests. Geomorphological studies morphosculptural forms indicate that salt dome landscapes of origin is not always associated with the peculiarities of manifestation of salt tectonics. The spring anomalies consist in high salinity and concentration of chlorides and sulfates, as well as differentiation springs. The soil cover of the salt dome landscape of the Caspian Basin marked the processes associated with the formation of litomorphs soils. The result of the data shows that along with the high-output and output with highly groundwater important form landscapes are important springs associated with sulfate-halogen caprock thickness.
Cherkasova Y.V., Petrishchev V.P.
LANDSCAPE FEATURES MORPHOSTRUCTURE SETTLEMENTS ORENBURG REGION [№ 6 ' 2014]
Researches conducted morphostructure settlements Orenburg region, the main types of rural settlements and given the appropriate description of the data types and subtypes identified landscape features in the rural resettlement and placement of various morphologic types of settlements.
Batuev A.R., Petrishchev V.P.
THE CREATION OF THE ATLAS OF ASIAN RUSSIA [№ 10 ' 2013]
The article describes the basic principles and fundamental development program cartographic product — Atlas of Asian Russia. The table of contents and methods of cartographic modeling of natural and socio-economic processes of the macro-region of Russia.
Barbazyuk E.V., Pertrischev V.P.
THE ESTIMATION OF THE DEATH RATE FOR BIRDS KILLED THROUGH ELECTROCUTION ON 6-10 KV POWER LINES IN ORENBURG REGION IN SUMMER 2011 [№ 12 ' 2011]
The article provides the outcomes for bird death survey on 6-10 kV power lines in Orenburg Region in summer 2011. In total, we found remains of 478 birds pertaining to 19 species. The portion of the Red Data Book individuals (24 individuals pertaining to the Long-legged Buzzard, Imperial Eagle, Steppe Eagle and Lesser Kestrel) out of the total perished birds was relatively low — 5.02%.
ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF SOIL SALT DOME LANDSCAPE IN SOUTHERN URAL REGION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BOUNDARY MOUNTAIN FIGHTING) [№ 12 ' 2011]
The analysis of the impact of salt tectonics on soil conditions in the formation of salt-dome Geosystems. The basic directions of the morphological and geochemical transformation of land cover within one of the most salt diapirs of the Southern Urals — Boevogorskogo uplift.
TECHNOGEOSYSTEMS CLASSIFICATION OF ROCK SALT DEPOSITS [№ 6 ' 2011]
The article presents the results of technogeosystems classification of rock salt deposits associated with salt dome structures. The author developed criteria for assessing the degree of transformation geosystems, conducted the ranging of technogeosystems. The analysis of geosystems differentiation formed as a result of salt mining was conducted in this paper.
THE CONCEPT OF "SALT DOME LANDSCAPE" [№ 6 ' 2011]
The article provides the substantiation of introduction of a new concept — salt dome landscape. The change of the content of the concept of salt dome landscape at the process of salt-dome landscape genesis is regarded in this paper. The author revealed a gradient principle of formation of geosystems influenced with salt tectonics.
Artamonova S.V., Petrishchev V.P., Kaliev A.Zh.
THE GEO-ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNOGEOSISTEMS OF THE CHALCOPYRITE LAYERS OF ORENBURG REGION [№ 12 ' 2010]
The authors examined the criterion of geo-ecological classification of technogeosistems of the chalcopyrite layers of Orenburg region. They presented the principles of classification on the basis of the study of geochemical halos, processes of technogeomorphogenesis, technogenic metamorphization of surface and underground waters, action on the adjacent geo-system.
SALT-DOME LANDSCAPEGENESIS OF PRIKASPIYSKY-PREDURAL REGION [№ 3 ' 2007]
Regularities of forming and development of salt structures geocomplexes of Prikaspiysky cavity and Predural flexure are given in this article and also theses of phenomenological conception of salt-dome landscapegenesis are regarded and the problems of morphostructural differentiation of salt-dome landscapes are given in this work.
Levykin S.V., Akhmetov R.Sh., Petrischev V.P., Zhdanov S.I., Groshev I.V.
ABOUT APPLICATION OF INNOVATION TECHNIQUES INTO THE SYSTEM OF ESTIMATE AND LAND-SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL FUNCTION [№ 7 ' 2004]
Methodological approaches of complex estimate of the steppe zone ecological land resources economical potential under the conditions of crop market formation in Russia. Special attention is paid to the possibility of geoinformational technologies use and validation of conditioned profitable method of land price formation with defining of agrarian land use basic parameters, miniokhot use and preservation of biovariety of steppe.
|Sergey Aleksandrovich |