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2014, № 11 (172)



Luttsev M.V., Manannikova M.V., Solonuk U.A. PERSONALITY AND TOTALITARIANISM: THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFICATIONThe last of the twentieth century had left mankind a lot of unpleasant surprises — two world and lots of smaller, local wars, epidemiс, hunger. Humanity seemed to have forgotten the lessons of the past and has made "mistakes" more than in all its previous history. One of the reasons of these "mistakes" led to many tragedies and disasters in different countries and regions, has been the emergence and development of totalitarianism. A totalitarian regime is a direct product of ideological and ideological transformation of mass consciousness, which began in the XVII–XIX centuries and reached its apogee in the first half of the twentieth century. Totalitarianism supports the attraction of the state and society to social statics and maintains this state through maximum "restriction" of social freedom space and personal initiatives of citizens. The idea of human freedom is unacceptable, which, in turn, strives to realize its nature to conformism. The main objective of the article is the analysis of totalitarianism as a form of social thinking organization, implying a functioning reality of a special type. New intelligible Genesis constitutes a new reality and a corresponding mentality, destroying the previous installation consciousness. Elements of totalitarian consciousness and the factors contributing conformation of society, define the problem of our research.
The main product of totalitarian regimes is the human spirit, "captured" by the state and deprived of rights and freedoms. The historical destiny of the "new man", no longer an adequate representation of the existence and proper, is tragic. Alienation from his manhood deforms its moral and legal consciousness. The totalitarian regime impose imperatives, imposing the individuals of the antagonistic attitude of man to the world. Thus, he immerses them in immorale space of social hatred, taking away the possibility to realize themselves as the subjects of morality and law.
Key words: totalitarianism, totalitarian consciousness, personality, mass consciousness, identification.

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About this article

Authors: Solonyuk Yu.A., Luttsev M.V., Manannikova M.V.

Year: 2014


Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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