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Orenburg State University january 25, 2022 RU/EN
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Borisyuk S.V., Notova S.V., Kvan O.V., Rusakova E.A.
FEATURES OF THE ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF THE LIVER OF PREGNANT FEMALE RATS ON THE BACKGROUND OF DIFFERENT DIETARY FIBER [№ 4 ' 2016]
High consumption of food fibers can break mineral balance in an organism. The exception of a diet of food fibers promotes higher content in muscular tissue of copper, iron, iodine, manganese, silicon and arsenic. In this regard interest causes element structure of a liver against various level of consumption of food fibers during pregnancy. Researches of element structure of a liver of pregnant females of the rats who are on a diet with various level of consumption of food fibers before approach and during pregnancy (only 6 weeks) are conducted. The basis of power was a semisynthetic casein diet that ensures adequate intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates, dietary fiber (2g microcellulose), vitamins and salts. Deficiency of dietary fiber was modeled by excluding from the diet microcellulose, excess diet— by increasing the level of consumption microcellulose to 4g/day. Comparing the elemental composition of the liver of female rats revealed that simulation deficiency of dietary fibers in the diet leads mainly to a decrease in the content of chemical elements except manganese. The most sensitive to the deficit dietary fibers appeared level of such elements as iodine, nickel, and silicon. Excessive intake of dietary fiber associated with a reduced content of chromium, iodine, nickel, arsenic, silicon, and toxic chemical elements such as mercury and tin, which is probably due to their absorption characteristics. Changes in dietary fiber intake had no effect on the level of most of the chemical elements deposited in the liver, such as iron, potassium, copper, zinc and selenium. These data support an important role in liver hemostasis these elements.

Korotkov A.M., Lebedev S.V., Rusakov E.A.
DNA-DAMAGING EFFECTS OF NANOPARTICLES NI AND NIO FOR EXAMPLE A PLANT SPECIES TRITICUM VULGARE [№ 10 ' 2015]
The effects of spherical nanoparticles of nickel Ni˚ diameter of 70±0,3nm and nickel oxide NiO diameter of 94±0,3nm in three dilutions— 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1M at the root of the 4-day seedlings of Triticum vulgare. After 48hour incubation with nanoparticles plants recorded dose dependent increase in DNA fragmentation. Electrophoretic separation of DNA showed the change in mobility from the perspective of reducing the amount of content the least migratory agarose gel closest to the start of the fragments formI (1000bp), constituting the largest amount in the control samples, and the transition of the bulk of the DNA fragments from -flowing nucleotides (formII— less than 1000bp). Thus, under the influence of NPs Ni and NiO in concentrations 0.025–0.1M there was an increase of less than 1000bp fragment (formII) to 53–59% and 55–59,8% with simultaneous reduction of formI at 16,6–20,9% and 15,6–22%, respectively, compared to the control. The calculated results for the coefficient electrophoretogram of DNA damage in the case of 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1M nickel nanoparticles was 1.052±0.009, 1.126±0.043 and 1.2±0.03, and nickel oxide nanoparticles— 0.982±0.02, 1.053±0.013 and 1.192±0.21 (against the background of the control 0.398±0.05), respectively. Linear DNA profile electrophoregrams testified that nanoparticles at low concentrations (0.025 and 0.05M) cause system degradation to discrete DNA fragments from the nucleotide-flowing transition from the bulk of the DNA in the region of less than 1000bp and the concentration is 0.1M appearance of apoptotic "steps" represented by a group of split peaks located descending area, in which a multiple number of DNA 180bp.

Rusakova T.G., Breusova T.A.
METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE STUDY OF ARCHITECTURAL STYLES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL [№ 5 ' 2015]
Summary. In the federal state educational standard of general education it is noted that "the study of fine arts at school aims at inculcating an artistic way of understanding the world, giving a system of knowledge and values on the basis of their own artistic and creative activities and experiences of initiation of the outstanding phenomena of Russian and foreign art and culture". Architecture — the biggest of all kinds of plastic arts, we come into contact with its works more often than with any other. Architectural structures, creating a distinctive architectural environment, allow to explore the cultural and historical processes in the context of artistic perception of the world. Architecture surrounds us, it makes it possible to study the historical development of people, cities, to consider the changing worldview. In the school curricula introduction to architecture at fine arts lessons provides a variety of forms: the rules of linear perspective, drawing architectural objects from nature , drawing from memory and performance. The study of architecture implies the existence of a certain school of baggage of knowledge obtained in the course of other disciplines: history, literature, drawing. Offering for the perception a work of architecture, studying its artistic language with high school students can reveal a new connection with the integration of these academic subjects. This makes the prospect of adding the education system taking into account the cultural heritage of the native land, an integral part of the experience of the entire Russian people. The article analyzes the architectural styles of the city of Orenburg (classicism, Empire, Neo-Gothic, Art Nouveau, and others.), examines their specificity, characteristic of the local buildings and suggests guidelines for teaching architectural styles to pupils of 8 forms in secondary schools.

Kvan O.V., Sizentsov A.N., Kataev V.J., Rusakova E.A.
INFLUENCE OFPROBIOTIC PREPARATIONSON CONTAINING TOXICELEMENT IN THE BODYLABORATORY ANIMALS [№ 6 ' 2014]
The influenceofprobioticson the contentof toxic elements inbone and muscle tissues of rats.Comparative analysis ofliquidprobiotic preparationon the basis ofBifidobacteriumlongumandsporobacterinpointed tothe advantageof the first, resulting in a more activereductionof toxic elementsinbone and muscletissues of rats.

Rusakova E.A., Kosyan D.B., Kwan O.V.
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NUTRITION ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERMEDIATE EXCHANGE [№ 6 ' 2014]
The paper presents data on the effect of phytase on the exchange of energy, nitrogen and productivity of broiler chickens at various NUTRIENT security. Found that in groups with fitazosoderzhaschim diet is a decrease of energy losses with the droppings on the background of increasing KPI OE and matching coefficient, which indicates the rational use of energy for the synthesis of tissues.

Rusakova T.G., Shleyuk S.G., Levina E.A.
COLLAGE ALS METHODE IM SYSTEM DER BERUFLICHEN AUSBILDUNG DER STUDENTEN-DESIGNER [№ 5 ' 2014]
The article is devoted to problems of training in the technique of collage as a creative method. Collage is considered as a method of sketching in painting and as an independent artistic creativity in the specific conditions of educational activity of art schools. The material is based on the study of the history and development of collage as an independent art technique in painting in professional art and as a method in the system of professional preparation of students — designers.

Rusakova E.A., Korolev V.L., Zaveryukha A.H., Kharlamov A.V.
EFFECT OF PHYTASE ON ELEMENTAL STATUS OF THE BODY OF BROILER CHICKENS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ENERGY IN THE DIET [№ 10 ' 2012]
The results of experimental studies that characterize the changes in the body of the element status of broiler chickens on the background of the enzyme preparation Ronozim NT (CT) in the diet with different levels of exchange energy. Found that when grown on low-energy diets of birds increases the bioavailability of I, Mn, Ni, Na, and with decreased bioavailability Cu, Fe, Ca, K, Zn. When adding phytase in a low-energy diet increased exchange of K, Na, P, Co, Zn, Se, V with a reduction in such As, Ni.

Kosyan D.B., Surundaeva L.G., Mayevskaya L.A., Rusakova, E.A., Kvan O.V.
USING PCR FOR GENOTYPING CATTLE CAPN1 THE GENE USING GENETIC MARKERS [№ 6 ' 2012]
The paper presents results of experimental studies on the use of DNA technology in farming, on the basis of molecular genetic techniques that allow the testing of animals of any age and gender, to assess and predict their productivity. Revealed that the SS is the most desirable form of the gene allele CAPN1, responsible for the formation of the tenderness of meat.

Rusakova E.A., Lebedev S.V., Sipaylova O.Y., Kvan O.V., Kosyan D.B.
EFFECT OF PHYTASE ON MORPHOFUNCTIONAL STATE OF INTESTINAL OF BROILER CHICKENS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF PHOSPHORUS IN THE DIET [№ 6 ' 2012]
The paper presents results of experimental studies on the morphofunctional stateof the intestine of the experimental birds by using an enzyme preparation RonozimNT (CT) at different levels of phosphorus in the diet. Histological analysis ofintestine (thin section) confirms the positive effect of the drug Ronozim NT (CT) on the morphological characteristics of the mucosal relief of the small intestine of broiler chickens.

Rusakova, E.A., Lebedev S.V., Kopaneva N.Y.
EFFECT OF PHYTASE ON SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD BROILER CHICKENS [№ 12 ' 2011]
The article presents the results of experimental studies of biochemical blood when introduced into the diet of the experimental birds enzyme preparation Ronozmi NT (CT), indicating a decrease in the concentration of urea, creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase decrease in activity, with an increase in total protein content.

Rusakova T.G., Breusova T.A.
THE AESTHETIC DEVELOPING ENVIRONMENT OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN MULTICULTURAL REGION: COMPONENTS, FUNCTIONS, EVALUATION CRITERIA [№ 9 ' 2011]
Aesthetic developing environment is a certain cultural and social phenomenon that has a high potential for development of aesthetic culture, creative motivation of subjects in the educational process, and introduction into general cultural values and national traditions. In this article we look at contemporary aesthetic requirements for the organization of developing environment of the kindergarten and elementary school in a multicultural region.

Sizova E.A., Rusakova E.A.
MINERAL COMPOSITION AND THE STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONAL REORGANIZATION OF THE LIVER OF THE MAMMALS AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF DIFFERENT FOOD RATION MINERAL PROVISION [№ 12 ' 2010]
Comprehensive experimental studies of mineral composition and structural-functional changes in the liver with different mineral provision of food ration in the conditions of creating the model of the scarcity of microcells in the organism of experimental animal with the subsequent start in the food ration of complex essential microcells and toxic doses of Cd and Pb.

Rusakova T.G.
GENESIS OF THE "SOUL UPBRINGING" PROBLEM: PHILOSOPHIC AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT [№ 7 ' 2005]
Research of human essence in a person has led to his spiritual being’s content study reflected in spiritual life forms. Today the soul upbringing problem - humanity’s fundamental principle – is in the focus of interest of all human sciences. The consideration of this problem in the philosophy and historical light allows us to reveal the philosophic and pedagogical foundations for the formation of the conception to cultivate spiritual experience in modern children and teenagers. The experience includes human values expressed in cultural signs and symbols, the formation of their own positive judgments and the expression of humane treatment in actions and acts.

Rusakova T.G.
SPIRITUAL CULTURE OF A PERSON AS THE EDUCATION SENSE [№ 5 ' 2005]
Today the semantic and cultural guiding line of education is the reference to human resources of a person, to his spiritual origin. The spiritual culture of a person is simultaneously a sociocultural and a spiritual phenomenon: it characterizes the system of those personally significant properties and qualities which are connected with person`s spiritual values of mankind and ways of life in the culture, having age specificity.

Rusakova T.G.
PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF THE SPIRITUAL WORLD FORMING OF THE PRESCHOOL CHILD AND THE YOUNGER SCHOOLBOY [№ 4 (app.1) ' 2005]
Pedagogical support of a spiritual world forming of the child is directed to the aid of the child in an output from problem situations, in his opinion, through interaction, which subject is the emotional - valuable attitude of the child in a situation of a problem. The teacher`s task - is the help in an establishment of necessary balance, the composure providing harmony internal and external, I and not - I, social and subjective on the basis of unconditional positive concept of the child, a spiritual orientation of dialogue.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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