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Orenburg State University january 20, 2022 RU/EN
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TESTING AS A TOOL OF MOODLE OPEN — SOURCE-LEARNING PLATFORM [№ 3 ' 2020]
The modern job market sets obligatory requirements for specialists — fluency in the use of digital technologies in professional activities. Today, the use of digital technologies in teaching students in higher education is a requirement of the Federal State Educational Standard. Despite the many forms of organization of the educational process using digital technologies, the main issue remains the form of task control, ensuring the quality of student training and the competitiveness of future graduates in the job market. In this article, we consider the organization of control of the assimilation of material using the virtual learning environment Moodle. During the work we revealed the functions of digital technologies, determined the basic principles and forms of students` knowledge control in the electronic environment, as well as the conditions necessary for the successful development of questions complex. Special attention was paid to testing. We have developed a complex of questions and tasks for testing on the Moodle platform. After testing, we concluded, using digital technologies in education, tests are the most affordable and effective tool for controlling, which gives an opportunity to evaluate and analyze the knowledge level.

Bessonova E.V., Kirillova I.K., Tarabarina YU.A.
PREPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR WRITING ESSAYS AT INTERNATIONAL EXAMS IN ENGLISH [№ 1 ' 2020]
Today experts with a high level of proficiency in a foreign language are considered in demand in the labour market. The level of foreign language proficiency is confirmed by a high test result of international exams in a foreign language. The essay is a mandatory part of international English language exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, and Cambridge Advanced English. We examined the requirements and assessment criteria for the essay writing exam task. The task assesses the level of speech skills formation necessary to create your own pieces of writing in a foreign language.
As part of the research, we developed a technology for teaching writing based on a product-oriented approach. According to the technology we have identified the following stages of text production: task orientation, text planning, text writing, and text self-editing. We have also proposed a set of exercises aimed at developing following skills: task understanding, formulating the author’s point of view and its proving with relevant examples, planning a cohesive and coherent text, text division into paragraphs, highlighting of the paragraph’s main idea, development of the idea in the text, expressing ideas in the text logically in accordance with the rhetorical structure of English essay, usage of lexical cohesive means, text self-editing.
This technology was tested during experimental training; its results prove the effectiveness of the proposed technology for teaching essay writing according to international English language exams requirements.

Kirillova I.K., Tarabarina YU.A.
TEACHING WRITING FOR INTERNATIONAL EXAMS PREPARATION [№ 4 ' 2019]
The analysis of written assignments carried out by junior students of non-linguistic specialties revealed an insufficient level of foreign language writing skills formation. The students faced the following challenges during writing the essays: difficulties in text organization and rhetorical structure, lack of cohesion and coherence, difficulties in the choice of relevant information for argumentation, lack of vocabulary.
We conducted a study of teaching essay writing skills preparing junior students of non-linguistic specialties for international English examinations. We used a product writing approach based on the text model analysis. It allows to know examination requirements for rhetorical structure of the text and lexical and grammatical resources needed to write an essay. To improve writing skills formation we developed a complex of exercises aimed at teaching writing ‘agree-or-disagree’ type of an examination essay. The developed complex presents a hierarchy of writing text process stages: task orientation, text planning, text writing, and text self-editing. The results of the conducted teaching experiment confirmed the effectiveness of the developed complex of exercises.

Mel’nikova A.Ya., Kirillova I.K., Mel’nikov D.D.
COMPLEX OF ENGINEERING GAMES IN THE FORMATION INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL OF THE FUTURE BACHELOR [№ 3 ' 2019]
We research a complex of engineering games in the study of the discipline “Material Science and Technology of Structural Materials” and its impact on the formation of innovative potential for future bachelors of the Faculty of Chemistry and Technology in the Bashkir State University. At the beginning of the article, we note that in the last decade the demand for qualified specialists of the innovative type has grown. In this regard, we introduce the concept of professional and personal quality of a bachelor— innovative potential, which includes a combination of innovative knowledge, skills and relationships.
In the higher school, the relevance of the innovative potential of modern engineers is recognized and research to form their competencies are being conducted, but effective methods for its formation have not been identified.
We found that an effective methodology for the formation of innovative potential within the subject “Materials Science and Technology of Construction Materials” is a complex of engineering games, including a cycle of didactic, role-playing and business games. Also, we give an example of the development of a complex of engineering games, a description of business games in the conditions of enterprises and obtaining the result. Our engineering games are based on an innovative task, the integration of educational and quasi-professional activities, the simulation of significant conditions for making innovative decisions, the using of elements of the industrial environment of basic departments, scientific and methodological support, and include means of assessing the innovative potential of future bachelors. On this basis, we conclude that the complex of engineering games is effectively used to form the innovative potential of future bachelors.

Egoshina T.L., Luginina E.A., Kirillov D.V.
MEDICINAL PLANTS AND FUNGI IN FOLK MEDICINE OF KIROV REGION: USAGE PECULIARITIES AND RESOURCES [№ 4 ' 2016]
The study of plants used by local population in different regions is an effective, efficient and promising way of search of new substances for obtaining new medications and safe preventive remedies. Revealing of species composition, use of plants by population, and study of plant resources aiming estimation of economical use and criteria of rational use, are especially relevant in Russia where more than 70% of population uses herbs for treatment and collects plant raw material. Data were collected in Kirov region in 1981—2005 with use of in-depth interviews, personal interviews of the locals and questionnaire survey analyses. Analyses of data on plants and fungi used in folk medicine of Kirov region allowed defining 93species of plants from 41families and 11fungi species from 7families. The largest number of the used species belong to families Asteraceae— 11.5%; Ranunculaceae— 8.3%; Lamiaceae— 6.2%; Caryophyllaceae— 5.2% from total number of species. Both officinal plants (for instance, species from genus Hypericum, Filipendula ulmaria, and Paeonia anomala) and species not included in official medicine are used in regional folk medicine. The most popular folk medicinal plants are: Campanula glomerata, Carlina biebersteinii, Centaurea sumensis, Chimaphila umbellata, Equisetum fluviatile, Mentha arvensis, Moneses uniflora, Potentilla argenthea, Polygala comosa, and Hylotelephium maximum. These species can be offered for primary studies. The investigation showed that the use of majority of species (55.9%) in Kirov region is a bit more limited than marked in literature but, in general, it corresponds with the experience of other folk medicines. There are some peculiarities in use of some species (19.4%) which therapeutical effect has not been marked previously by literature data. 3 species of plants are marked as medicinal for the first time: Campanula latifolia, Centaurea sumensis, and Dryopteris austriaca.

Kirillova E.A., ZhadyaevA.V., Kozminykh V.O.
SYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURE PECULIARITIES OF METAL DERIVATIES COMPLEX ON THE BASES THREECARBONYL COMPOUNDS [№ 10 ' 2013]
Reaction of metalechange in aqueous solution of oxoenolates of sodium synthesized Claisen condensation of methylketones and diethyl oxalates and sodium methylate with salts of metals(II) synthesized metalchelates complex. Structure of synthesized compounds are investigated by spectral methods analysis.

Kirillov V.V., Vaulin S.D.
METHOD OF CALCULATING THE FLOW OF GAS IN A LOW-TEMPERATURE GAS GENERATORS FLUES [№ 4 ' 2012]
A method of solving boundary-value problem of gas flow in the low-temperature flue gas generator based on the implicit finite difference scheme and the orthogonally sweep.

Vinogradov .N., Kirillova E.A., uzmina .., Levenets T.V., Kozminykh V..
A SIMPLE METHOD SYNTHESIS OF 3-ACYLMETYLIDENBENZOAZINE-2-ONES [№ 12 ' 2011]
A simple and easy-to-use method for the synthesis of 3-acylmetylidenbenzoazine-2-ones based on the three-component condensation of metylketones with dietyloxalates and 1,2-diaminobenzene or 2-aminophenol is proposed. Structure and specialty of state synthesize compounds established based on data IR and NMR 1 spectroscopes.

Kozyminykh V.O., Mukovoz P.P., Kirillova E.A.
1,3,4,6- TETRACARBONYL SYSTEMS. REPORT 9. DIETHYLKETYPINATE: SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION WITH 1,2- DIAMINOBENZENE [№ 5 ' 2009]
By Claisen condensation of ethyl acetate with oxalic ester and sodium hydride (or sodium) with follow-up influence of hydrochloric acid on intermediate sodium-dienolate, diethyl ether of (2Z,4Z)-3,4- dihydroxy -2,4- hexadiene -1,6-acid (diethyl -3,4-dioxo hexanedioate or diethylketypinate) was obtained. The report discusses the structure synthesized ester based on IR and NMR spectroscopy. Interaction of diethylketypinate with 1,2- diaminobenzene.

Kozminykh V.., Kirillova E.A., Vinogradov A.N., Mukovoz P.P., Scherbakov Yu.V., Mozgunova E.M., Golotsvan A.V., Kozminykh E.N.
METAL DERIVATIVES OF ρ-π-ELECTRON DONATING POLYCARBONYL SYSTEMS WITH CLOSED α- AND β-DIOXO FRAGMENTS. PART3. SYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURE OF METAL(II)CHELATES OF 4-OXODERIVATIVES OF 2-HYDROXY-2ALKENOATE ETHERS [№ 4 ' 2009]
Metal-exchange reaction of metal(II) salts in water solutions with sodium enolates of 4-oxoderivatives of 2-hydroxy-2-alkenoate ethers (LNa), synthesized by the Claisen condensation of methylenecarbonyl compounds (methyl ketones or ethyl acetate) with diethyl oxalate at basic conditions, leads to O,O’-coordinated metal-1,3-diketonate complexes, i.e. metal(II)chelates (L2Met) composed on oxoalkenoate bidentate ligands. The structure peculiarities of synthesized β-diketonates are discussed. Presented are data, additional to preceding papers, about synthesis, structure and properties of functionalized 1,3-dicarbonyl anion metal derivatives.

Kozminykh V.O., Kirillova E.A., Shcherbakov Yu.V., Mukovoz P.P., Vinogradov A.N., Karmanova O.G., Kozminykh E.N.
METAL DERIVATIVES OF P-π-ELECTRON-SURPLUS POLYCARBONYL SYSTEMS WITH COUPLED α- AND β-DIOXOFRAGMENTS [№ 9 ' 2008]
Well-known literary information about production, structure, characteristics and biological activity of metal-derived anions with 1,3-dicarbonylic compound, functionalized with acceptor substitutes,– p-π-electron-surplus of polycarbonylic systems with coupled α- and β-dioxo links has been summarized.

Kozminykh V.O., Kirillova E.A., Goncharov V.I., Golotsvan A.V.
TERNARY TANDEM HETEROCYCLIZATION OF ACETOPHENONE WITH DIETHYLCSLAD AND M-AMINOPHENOL – NEW METHOD FOR GETTING OF 7-HYDROXY-4-PHENYLQUINOLIN-2-CARBOXYLIC ACID [№ 4 ' 2008]
The ether condensation of acetophenone with diethyl oxalate and m-aminophenol in presence of sodium followed by treatment of the reaction mixture with acetic acid proceeds unusually to preparatively yield 7-hydroxy-4-phenylquinoline-2-carboxylic acid. This three component tandem heterocyclization is proposed to be used as a new regiodirected method of quinoline-2-carboxylic (quinaldinic) acid synthesis. The reaction pathway and structure peculiarities of the prepared compound as well as alternative structures are under discussion.

Yeremin M.N., Kirillov D.A., Sheenkov N.V., Bukharin O.V.
MODIFYING ACTION OF "DEZOTCELL" DRUG UPON BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MICROORGANISMS [№ 1 ' 2003]
Bactericidal action of "Dezotcell" drug upon E. coli, K. pneumoniae, S. aureus, S. enteritidis, S. typhimurium, S. flexneri, P. aeruginosa, B. abortus bovis has been ascertained experimentally in vitro. The drug influence upon antilysozyme strain activity was defined. It has been shown that the drug possesses bactericidal effect and suppresses antilysozyme activity of the investigated strains. The investigation results enable the usage of the drug as a disinfectant.


[№ 5 ' 2002]


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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