Egorov A.N., Krivolapova E.V., Butrimova N.V., Egorov A.A.
TO THE ISSUE OF EFFICIENCY AND ECOLOGICAL SAFETY OF HEAT POWER SYSTEMS [№ 12 ' 2017]
Centralized heat supply systems in different regions operate under conditions of potential risk. The coolant is mainly water, which leads to various emergency and emergency situations with negative environmental and economic consequences. The condition of objects of various generating systems and installations is directly connected with reliable power supply and ecological safety of the object, region, country. Modern energy-saving systems consider the use of a coolant with a lower temperature (+40...+ 50 °C). This method shows the negative side: the lower the temperature of the coolant, the greater the size of the equipment. Insulation does not withstand temperatures above 130 °C, as a result of thermal degradation it darkens, shrinks and absorbs water. In the presence of water, polyurethane foam releases an acid, under which the pipelines are intensely corroded. The water used is subjected to special treatment. In the Orenburg region, SES is being actively built, which should improve the reliability of the electricity supply system, gradually reduce the price of electricity and the level of the environmental crisis. Commissioning of solar generation in the territory of the Orenburg region will save 9 million m3 of gas per year. To increase the efficiency and environmental friendliness of heat-and-power systems, research and development is needed that will enable the transition to new environmentally friendly and affordable energy sources. Their application will contribute to the conservation of natural resources, which should become the main principle of the formation of ecological knowledge and ecological culture for modern society.
Egorova N.V., Korobeynikova A.A.
THE ELEMENTS OF EXPRESSION IN TEXTS THAT ARE CLOSE TO THE OFFICIAL STYLE [№ 11 ' 2017]
Features official-business style does not provide for the inclusion in the texts of the documents of emotional components. However, expressely become common in the texts 1980-2000-ies, especially those that relate to the field of interstil. Most often it is the documents related to political issues, or political rhetoric. But the expressive elements penetrate and legislation padstyle official-business style, for example, of the decision. This article discusses the features of functioning of expressive elements in texts of different genres. The analysis of the texts showed that the increase in expressiveness through the use of journalistic style possible in the texts actually officially-business style, that is stylistic hybridization (publitsistika business interstil) is not required for this process condition. In the texts there are many components which in different ways Express the author’s position (word status categories with the evaluation semantics, adjectives, adverbs) and related expressive connotations, but also examples of diatribe — nutriactive dialogization of monologue, which is characteristic of polemical genres (journalistic and scientific styles). The study showed that the expressive elements found in the texts of official-business style are bookish and colloquial character; subjectivity and emotively not alien to the official-business style, however personal, “author” beginning are mild, for the genres of official-business style maloaktualny paralinguistically, verbalni means; verbalise in written genres is implemented primarily punctuation — with its help there is rationalization of emotions — they are not amplified and isolated; the artist’s personality and gender features for official-business style are out of date.
THE WORD-“CENTAURS” IN THE TEXT OF DOCUMENTS [№ 2 ' 2017]
The appearance of a significant number of words in a foreign writing in the texts of different styles and genres contributes to active borrowing of lexical items. Not all the words in Latin script eventually disappear from the lexical structure, giving way to Cyrillic units mastered by the language; some of them are fixed in the language not only as words, but as the first part of a compound word, the second component of which is a word in Russian writing. A relatively new phenomenon is the formation of the so-called words-”centaurs”. There are different approaches to vocabulary classification: according to one of them, these words are denied affiliation to the Russian language and the ability to fix them lexicographically. According to another approach, one can not deny their existence in the lexical system of the Russian language and exclude them from the description in the dictionaries. This article deals with the features of the words-”centaurs” functioning in the texts of the documents at the end of the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21, fixing them in the composition of dictionaries, dictionary entries are analyzed. The study showed that the words-”centaurs” underwent the secondary borrowing, now internal, without going through all the stages of the borrowed words adaptation in the host language. It is worth to emphasize that internal borrowing was done by one of the most rigorous and conservative linguistically functional styles — the official business style of literary language. The use of the words-”centaurs” in the text of the official-business style indicates that the sources of vocabulary enrichment can be the words from the texts of other styles, in particular journalistic and scientific.
Egorova I.N., Neverova O.A.
ASSESSMENT OF RADIONUCLIDE POLLUTION MEDICINAL RAW MATERIALS ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM L., UNDER CONDITIONS OF WASTE DUMP AT KEDROVSKY COAL MINE ASSESSMENT OF RADIONUCLIDE POLLUTION IN FRUIT [№ 10 ' 2015]
The article presents the estimation of radionuclide pollution of medicinal plant materials (herbs, flowers) Achillea millefolium L., growing on the waste dump of the Kedrovsky coal mine the Kemerovo region, and the estimation of complementary embryonic soils in matter of natural (K-40, Th-232, Ra-226) and artificial (Sr-90 and Cs-137) radionuclides. Analysis of the results showed no contamination of the embryonic soils dumps artificial radionuclides. The content of Sr-90 and Cs-137 is substantially below the regional average. The level of natural radionuclides is within the background levels of radioactive elements in the earth's crust. The analysis also revealed that the content of natural (K-40, Th-232, Ra-226) and artificial (Sr-90 and Cs-137) radionuclides in embryonic soils is higher than in medicinal plant material Achillea millefolium L.. the Main contribution to the radioactivity of raw materials gives K-40, it accounts for grass — 81 %, for flowers — 76 % of the total radioactivity. The proportion of artificial radionuclides Sr-90 and Cs-137 in grass and flowers of Achillea millefolium L. is in the range of 1.02...0.458 Bq/kg, not to exceed the allowable levels and do not present a hazard to the health of consumers according to SanPiN 126.96.36.1998-01. Analysis of rates of accumulation grass and flowers of Achillea millefolium L. radionuclides showed that they are more likely to accumulate anthropogenic radionuclide group Sr-90 and Cs-137. However, KN is less than one and are in the range of 0.56...0.41, which indicates the absence of data accumulation of radionuclides by plants. The obtained data will allow to assess the possibility of using medicinal plants growing on anthropogenically altered the Kemerovo region and get new resource sources and for harvesting of medicinal raw materials for the needs of the region.
Kapustina N.V., Egorova N.Yu., Egoshina T.L.
STATUS OF DACTYLORHIZA FUCHSII (DRUCE) SOO COENOPOPULATIONS IN "BYLINA" STATE NATURE RESERVE [№ 6 ' 2015]
10 coenopopulations (CP) of Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soo were investigated in middle-taiga subzone of Kirov region within the area of "Bylina" State Nature Reserve. It was shown that D. fuchsii is found in forest communities of Vaccinio-Piceetea class. the species is predominantly found in sparse linden-spruce and also aspen-birch and spruce-birch Majanthemum herbaceous forests. 33 species are marked in herbaceous-undershrub layer of phytocoenoses. Dominant species are:Vacciniummyrtillus, Vacciniumvitis-idaea, Lathyrusvernus, Rubussaxatilis, Solidagovirgaurea, Oxаlisacetosеlla, Majanthemumbifolium, Melicanutans, Viciasylvatica, Poanemoralis. D. fuchsia onthogeny consists of 2 ontogenetic periods (pre-productive, productive) and 4 ontogenetic states (juvenile, immature, virgin, productive). All studied CP are incomplete, individuals of pre-productive group of immature ontogenetic state prevail. Basic ontogenetic spectre is ancipital with local maximum in immature individuals group. The part of productive individuals varied from 7.7 to 100 % in the investigated CP. The following morphometric parameters points are given — sprout length, inflorescence length, parameters of the first leaf (length, width, number of veins). The analyses of basic morphometric features of productive individuals showed that the highest plants were found incowberry-blueberry spruce-linden forest on an overgrowing runway. The estimation of parameterscarried out on pooled data of studied CP demonstrated high level of variability. The least variable features of productive individuals of D. fuchsia are the width of the first leaf and inflorescence length (3.4 and 8 % correspondingly). Maximum variability level was marked for sprout length (62 %). The range of integrable coefficient (SC) forD. Fuchsia is between 1.6 and 2.8. The status of 6 coenopopulations of D. fuchsia is estimated as "close to threatened". One CP is in satisfactory condition which is determined by high share of productive individuals and maximum density. The rest of the coenopopulations are in the state "depending on protection". For that matter it is recommended to monitor the status of all coenopopulations.
Bachaldin I.L., Sorokin E.L., Egorov V.V.
RESEARCH OF PATTERNS OF A CLINICAL COURSE OF PRIMARY OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA AT VARIOUS LEVELS OF PERMANENT NORMALIZATION OF AN INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE AGAINST SYSTEMATIC METABOLIC THERAPY [№ 12 ' 2014]
Features of a clinical course of POAG with stable normalized intraocular pressure (IOP) in interrelation with the reached extent of its depression were investigated during periodical courses of metabolic therapy. All patients with POAG with "the purpose pressure" had a stabilization of process and in 18 % — positive dynamics of visual functions. In group with the tolerant level of IOP stabilization appeared less effective. In 25 eyes with average norm of IOP narrowing of a field of vision for 11,3 % was noted.
Vasiliev A.V., Egorov V.V., Smolyakova G.P.
EFFICIENCY OF POSTOPERATIVE IMMUNOPROPHYLAXIS OF PROLIFERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN SURGERY OF A CONGENITAL CATARACT WITH IMPLANTATION OF AN INTRAOCULAR LENS IN CHILDREN OF THORACAL AGE [№ 12 ' 2014]
Efficiency of application of a pharmacological immunocorrection by preparations Viferon and Derinat in prophylaxis of posterior lens capsule opacification after a congenital cataract surgery in children of the first year of life was studied. It was noticed decrease by 2.2 times of frequency of a posterior lens capsule fibrosis and retention of its transparency in 1 year after excision of a congenital cataract with implantation of an intraocular lens in children receiving combination of Viferon and Derinat in comparison with control group of patients.
Kolenko O.V., Egorov V.V., Sorokin E.L.
THE ANALYSIS OF THE REMOTE CLINICAL RESULTS OF TRANSPUPILLARY ARGON LAZER COAGULATION OF A RETINA AT A RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY [№ 12 ' 2014]
The remote results of treatment of threshold stages of a retinopathy of prematurity in 135 children (245 eyes) were analyzed. To all children transpupillary laser coagulation of a retina was carried out by the argon laser. All avascular retina of II and III zones of an eyeground was exposed to laser influence. Coagulation was carried out also in the presence of sites of ischemia and exudation in the I zone. Efficiency of retinal laser coagulation made 86,9 %. Primary children's disability in vision was reduced by 1,9 times within 5 years.
Egorova E.V., Lubimova T.S., Milingert A.V., Opletina A.V.
CHANGES OF ANATOMO-TOPOGRAPHIC EYE PARAMETERS IN CASES OF MIXED GLAUCOMA AFTER LASER IRIDECTOMY [№ 4 ' 2013]
The examination was performed in 146 eyes (146 patients) with the first mixed glaucoma. The narrow anterior chamber angle with segmental its closing was revealed in all cases and was accompanied with the anterior chamber depth decreasing and the displacement of irido-lens diaphragm forward due to increasing lens thickness. The anterior chamber depth remained shallow after laser iridectomy in 86 eyes out off 146 (35.8%) and it was accompanied with the small opening of the anterior chamber angle(7.2 -11. degrees). The absence of sufficient efficacy of laser iridectomy was due to lens component significance in mechanism of mixed glaucoma.
Kogan M.P., Novikova V.V., Utkin S.I., Egorov V.V., Sorokin E.L.
ASSESSMENT OF SEVERITY OF A SOMATIC CONDITION OF PATIENTS WITH 2 TYPE DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE PERFORMANCE OF AN OPHTHALMOSURGICAL INTERVENTION AND PARTICULARITIES OF THEIR PREOPERATIVE PREPARATION [№ 4 ' 2013]
The preoperative somatic condition of 650 patients with 2 type diabetes mellitus with various ophthalmosurgical pathology was analyzed. It was taped that the 2nd degree of operational risk took place at 33,4% of patients, the 3rd degree — at 62,7%, the 4th degree — at 3,9%. Carried-out preoperative preparation of patients with 2 type diabetes mellitus allowed at the vast majority of them to minimize operational and anesthesiology risk, to avoid intra– and postoperational complications.
Egorov V.V., Danilova L.P., Emanova L.P., Utkina E.S., Smolyakova G.P.
EFFICIENCY OF COMPLEX SYSTEM OF MEDICO-SOCIAL REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS WITH AN EDEMATOUS EXOPHTHALMOS [№ 12 ' 2012]
Efficiency of complex treatment of an edematous exophthalmos is reached by Methylprednisolonum pulse-therapy method in combination with surgical treatment with carrying out bilateral internal orbital decompression. In overwhelming majority of cases (68.75%) permanent clinical cure was reached in a result of carried out Methylprednisolonum pulse-therapy in combination with prednisolonum. The internal orbital decompression executed in patients with an edematous exophthalmos in a stage of compensation in the presence of a residual asymmetric exophthalmos was highly effective both clinically (exophthalmos reduction of 3,0±0,5мм in 8 patients, improvement of a corneal epithelium condition in 5 patients), and cosmetic (satisfactory esthetic result in 10 patients).
HOUSEHOLD ASPECT OF LIFE OF THE URAL WOMAN-KAZACHKI (MORAL WAY, FAMILY RELATIONS, TRADITIONS, WAY OF LIFE AND OTHER COMPONENTS) [№ 4 ' 2012]
In article the various parties of home life of the woman-kazachki are considered. The author marks the numerous traditions of wedding ceremonies connected with a choice of the bride, the groom; specifies in the status of the woman-kazachki after marriage. The author mentions problems of mutual relations of spouses, and also shows the attitude of Cossacks to carrying out of various holidays.
Salnikova N.A., Salnikov A.L., Tyugay Z., Polyanskaya L.M., Egorov М.А.
THE ESTIMATION OF CARBON RESERVES IN THE HYDROMORFIC SOILS OF THE VOLGA RIVER DELTA [№ 12 ' 2008]
The study on the assessment of the carbon content in the hydromorphic soils of the River Volga delta have revealed percentage of the organic carbon up to 96% and up to 8% of the non-organic carbon. The role of microorganisms in the biosphere functions of soils. The percentage of the microbial biomass carbon in the carbon reserves out of the total soil organics ranged from 10.1 to 31.2%.
Egorova E.V., Uzunyan D.G.
LASER CORRECTION OF DRAIN SYSTEM FORMED WITH TRANSCONJUNCTIVAL DEEP SCLERECTOMY AT ORIGIN OF POSTOPERATIVE HYPERTENSION [№ 12 ' 2007]
[№ 12 (app.1) ' 2006]
|Sergey Aleksandrovich |