Borisova I.M., Kritinina E.A.
SYSTEM-PERFORMANCE APPROACH IN TEACHING LITERATURE (ON THE MATERIAL OF A. USACHEV TALE “BOVA-KOROLEVICH”) [№ 5 ' 2018]
The system-activity approach to learning is an integration of two corresponding psychological and pedagogical approaches. The organization of educational and cognitive activity of students in this case is built as cooperation with the teacher, when the students become active participants in the educational process. In particular, pupils' reading competence is formed in the literature lessons of students, they master the ways of working with literary text.
The implementation of a system-activity approach in a literature lesson is examined on the material of the Bova-Korolevich fairy tale by Andrey Usachev. At all stages of the lesson (the stage of goal-setting, the discovery of new knowledge, the primary assimilation of new knowledge, the creative application and acquisition of knowledge in a new situation, reflection), active methods and techniques of teaching are used. For example, search, communication, problem, research and collective creative methods, as well as techniques of anticipation, lexical work, reading and commenting on the text, analyzing the ideological and thematic and artistic originality of the work, composing sinkvejn.
Thus, a system-activity approach in the process of teaching literature at school contributes to the development of the mental activity of students, the assimilation of new knowledge, the formation of reading competence, interest in the word and content of the artistic text, the organization of academic cooperation, the implementation of the ability to express one's opinion, the development of analysis skills and interpretations of the work.
TYPOLOGY OF THE GRAPHIC COMPOSITION OF THE VERSE [№ 11 ' 2017]
The study of graphics (the graphic appearance of the text) of works of art seems promising given the increasing interest of foreign and Russian scientists to the topic. Graphics is studied by literary scholars and linguists, it has actually formed in a special section of the poetics. There are many works about individual graphic techniques, chart of certain authors or periods. Here is conceptualized Russian poetry of XVII-XX centuries in the aspect of the typology of the graphic composition of the verse. Monitor graphics Russian poetry of XVII-XX centuries by the method of continuous sampling showed that the poets were not only individual graphic techniques, but also varied the location of the lines and stanzas on the page. This allowed either visually distinguish verse speech, or to break the visual monotony and rhythm of the poetic text. These facts are considered as types of graphical composition of verse, among which is traditional, contrasting, harmonizing, offset, dissected, figured, mirror, fractions, chess, graded and combined graphics. It is also important that many of these types, even a cursory analysis proved to be closely interrelated with other formants verse: meter, rhythm and rhyme. Thus, the desire of poets to go beyond the traditional use of graphics led to the search for new forms, to graphic experiments. This, apparently, was connected with the General trends in the poetry or personalities of poets. However, many graphical innovations in Russian poetry was prepared by the disparate experiences of their predecessors.
ITALICS IN THE POETRY OF N.M. KARAMZIN [№ 11 ' 2016]
The issue of graphic design work of art — one of the most important in modern literary criticism. Among the issues charts poetic speech — functioning italics. It has been the subject of study at stihovedov, including ours, on the material of Russian poetry. Italics in the poetry N.M. Karamzin almost not been studied to date. This article analyzes the emphasis in poetry Karamzin on the background of predecessors and contemporaries, as well as in terms of communication with other cursive verse formats and from the point of view of the functions performed by these graphical reception in the product. Observations on the italics have shown that by the turn of XVII—XIX centuries graphical technique italics in Russian poetry became quite well-known, widespread use and form a stable tradition. And active use of italics Karamzin in his poetry is in this tradition. Of the 167 poetry Karamzin rate was detected in 52 texts (203 cases). Most often, the poet identifies italicized words and phrases (90 %), which corresponds to the general trend in the poetry of the last third of the XVIII century. Karamzin, along with other poets, experimenting with italics, looking for opportunities to use it in poetry. He makes graphic technique semantically rich. Italics in the works studied interacts with other verse formats: rhyme and stylistic figures. Italics in poetry Karamzin serves as the object characteristics, phenomena, persons, allocation of space-time forms processing “foreign words” marking italics proper nouns and pronouns. The last mentioned feature is seen in the poet's rare, despite the fact that it was very bright signs of the times in Russian poetry. In general, the experience of predecessors Karamzin learns to use italics, but seeks to bring his poetry beyond the specified time standards, to depart from the usual use of graphics.
Sidorova M.A., Borisova E.O., Nikiforova A.S.
CONTROLLING OF THE HYDROLOGICAL REGIME OF SOIL OF THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPES RECREATIONAL PURPOSE [№ 5 ' 2016]
Currently, great attention is paid to the initiation of adaptation processes in the system "soil-plant" of the cultural landscapes recreational purpose. A model field experiment, aiming to identify patterns in the variation of the parameters of the hydrological regime of the cultural landscape of recreational purpose was carried out on umbricalbeluvisol soil of Moscow region. It was obtained a significant change in the volumetric soil moisture (θ), soil moisture reserves (MR) and availability of moisture for plants. In the average entire growing period is characterized by the growth of θ and MR in the layer 0–50 cm in comparison with control under the influence of mulching the soil with pine litter by 28 and 21 %, under the influence of "dry stream" by 6–40 % and 9–23 %, under the elements of the path network (the incremental track) by 5 and 4–9 % respectively. In rockery and decorative unsealed plots of soil, hydrological regimes were very similar, however, θ and MR was significantly reduced at 13–18 and 6–29 % in rockery and 2 and 4 % in decorative unsealed plots of soil. The hydrological regime of experience control variant in the dry conditions of vegetation period of 2014 was the most suitable for the growth of xero-mesophytic plants. The application of the proposed planning decisions and mulching opens up the possibility of creating a variety of sustainable plant communities on the same type of the original soil within the single recreational area.
ABOUT SOME OF THE GRAPHIC NATURE OF THE POEM A.T. TVARDOVSKY "VASILY TERKIN" [№ 11 ' 2015]
The problem graphic design artwork is one of actual in modern literary criticism. The graphics issues poetic speech — the functioning of the "ladder". She was the subject of study of poetry (including us) on the material of Russian classical poetry. A "ladder" of the twentieth century to today, has not been studied. This article examines the "ladder" of the poem ("the Book about the fighter") of A.T. Tvardovsky "Vasily Terkin" (1941–1945). Observation of a "ladder" "Vasily Terkin" showed that it's not similar to the famous "ladder" of V. Mayakovsky and stair is more like a breakdown of the lines of poets of XIX century: divides the string into two stages, occurs occasionally in some lines. Most of these "ladders" in the poem discovered 15 cases. All this allows to say that Tvardovsky's poem "Vasily Terkin" used "ladder" in the tradition of classical Russian poetry of the XIX century. "Ladder" actively cooperates with other poetry formants (transfer, rhyme, stanzaic structure). The analysis of correlation of facilities of different levels (graphical, stylistic and verse) lets you see what they seek to complement, reinforce each other. "Ladder" in the poem performs compositional, psychological and fine features, which are sometimes combined. Every time her appearance is justified by the course of events, compositional characteristics or by the author's desire to highlight any significant moment. The findings clearly show that the poet even under severe war conditions in which the poem was created, thought through the graphic form of the text.
ON COMPOSITIONAL FEATURES GRAPHIC FORMANTSIN THE POEM M.Y. LERMONTOV'S "DEMON" [№ 11 ' 2014]
The article is devoted chart poem M.Y. Lermontov's "Demon"; analyzes the graphic equivalent of the text, "ladder", emphasis in terms of their functions; with cases of combining formants graphics; shows the interaction of graphics with the rhythm and syntax.
Dornostup I.P., Berezhko V.D., Borisova I.G.
MECHANISM OF RISK MANAGEMENT OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF THE ENTERPRISE [№ 13 ' 2012]
The essence of risk management of the enterprise is investigated. Main types of risks are revealed. The main methods of an assessment of risk are revealed at business management. Realization of policy of risk management by the enterprise is shown.
Borisov M.A., Davydov N.O., Ekimov A.K.
SOME SPECIAL FEATURES OF EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THE DISEASES OF CHILDREN, WHICH ARE LOCATED IN THE CONDITIONS OF ORPHANAGE [№ 12 ' 2010]
The authors investigated 386 clinic children cards (30) for 2009, located in the stationary establishments child-orphans and children, who remained themselves without the care of parents. Their morbidity and disablement is analyzed. The authors revealed the correlations between the classes of diseases, and are also isolated "satisfactory" and "unhappy" groups of children with the similar collection of diseases and the level of disablement. They determined the unfavorable (critical) period for the children dependent on age, who are located in the conditions of orphanage.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE TEXT GRAPHIC EQUIVALENT IN RUSSIAN POETRY [№ 11 ' 2010]
This article is devoted to the consideration of the first attempts of the text graphic equivalent use, its dynamics of use in Russian poetry of XVII-XIX centuries, genre-gender belonging to works with text gaps and some peculiarities of this graphic method introduction into written texts.
GRAPHIC ASPECT OF F.I. TYUTCHEV’S POETRY [№ 11 ' 2006]
Some structural peculiarities and functions of italic which is graphic equivalent of text and "stairs" in F.I. Tyutchev’s poetry are regarded in this article. Graphics means of the poet are shown with intercommunication with other components of his poetic system. Statistics of Tyutchev’s graphics are compared with analogical data of other poets.
KNOWLEDGE PERFECTION OF FUTURE SOCIAL TEACHERS OF PEDAGOGICAL ETHICS [№ 10 ' 2006]
This article reveals mechanisms of ethical knowledge perfection of future social teachers. Worked out by the author course "Ethics of professional activity of social teacher" is the most effective means. The author presents the most important themes influenced on range widening of students’ ethical knowledge. Various forms of lecture and seminar lessons are suggested and presented in this work.
TO THE QUESTION OF SPECIFIC OF ITALICS FUNCTIONING IN EXPRESSED IN VERSE SPEECH (ON THE MATERIAL OF N.A. NEKRASOV POETRY) [№ 11 ' 2005]
Graphical mode of italics with accounting of its functioning in expressed in verse speech is regarded in this article. Italics is shown here in interaction with expressed in verse formats: with rhyme and enjambement.
ITALICS AND "OUTSIDER WORD" IN POEMS OF N.A. NEKRASOV [№ 2 (app.1) ' 2005]
Italics as a method of different types marking of "outsider words" such as quotations, cues, reminiscences, author quotations, foreign words, inner quotations, is regarded in this article. "Outsider word" is shown here as a presupposition of italics appearance.
ITALICS IN A PROSE OF A.P. CHEKHOV [№ 11 ' 2004]
711 cases of italics in 162 works of A.P. Chekhov, revealed in 13 volumes of writer's academical edition were considered in this article according to criterions of italics units' apportionment made by the author. The main attention is given to the analysis of italics function.
TEXT SPACE AS MATERIAL OBJECT [№ 4 ' 2003]
Text as any material object is placed in space, forms space and can analyze in terms of space diagram "receptacle". Text space is double-layer: outside, visually observed layer, which represents lined consequence of fixed author's "locations" of verbal signs; inside layer is inaccessible for speaker's immediate observation and contains imply information of unlined character. During process of text perception by a recipient the verbal units and constituent text space enter in relations of intercompatibility, correlativeness and interconditionality, which promote text understanding.