October 2017, № 11 (211), pages 40–46doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-211-40
Borisova I.M. TYPOLOGY OF THE GRAPHIC COMPOSITION OF THE VERSEThe study of graphics (the graphic appearance of the text) of works of art seems promising given the increasing interest of foreign and Russian scientists to the topic. Graphics is studied by literary scholars and linguists, it has actually formed in a special section of the poetics. There are many works about individual graphic techniques, chart of certain authors or periods. Here is conceptualized Russian poetry of XVII-XX centuries in the aspect of the typology of the graphic composition of the verse. Monitor graphics Russian poetry of XVII-XX centuries by the method of continuous sampling showed that the poets were not only individual graphic techniques, but also varied the location of the lines and stanzas on the page. This allowed either visually distinguish verse speech, or to break the visual monotony and rhythm of the poetic text. These facts are considered as types of graphical composition of verse, among which is traditional, contrasting, harmonizing, offset, dissected, figured, mirror, fractions, chess, graded and combined graphics. It is also important that many of these types, even a cursory analysis proved to be closely interrelated with other formants verse: meter, rhythm and rhyme. Thus, the desire of poets to go beyond the traditional use of graphics led to the search for new forms, to graphic experiments. This, apparently, was connected with the General trends in the poetry or personalities of poets. However, many graphical innovations in Russian poetry was prepared by the disparate experiences of their predecessors.Key words: graphics, graphic composition (form or structure) of the verse, and graphic techniques.
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Author: Borisova I.M.