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April 2019, № 2 (220), pages 77-84

doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-220-77

Prosvirkina I.I., Uryupina T.M. ENRICHMENT OF THE SPEECH OF FOREIGNERS LEXICON WITH CULTURAL SEMANTICS AS THE WAY OF FORMATION OF THE RUSSIAN CULTURAL PATTERNSOne of the problems of modern methods of teaching Russian language, in particular Russian as foreign language, is the method of enriching the speech of students with vocabulary containing cultural semantics. The solution of this problem allows to create the Russian cultural patterns in language consciousness of the student. In this work the lexical units having cultural semantics which that foreign students encounter at certification levels I and II are analyzed and systematized, presenting certain difficulties for a foreign student to adequately understand them.
The study analyzed the lexical minimum (elementary, basic, I and II certification levels), thematically systematized and described the lexical units with cultural semantics. The given analysis makes it possible to effectively organize the enrichment of students’ speech with culturally-marked lexical units.
The analysis of the lexical minimum leads the authors to the idea of the need for: 1) systematization and description of lexical units with cultural semantics; 2) propaedeutic work, contributing to the enrichment of the speech of foreign students with lexical units that have cultural semantics already at the elementary and basic level; 3) the development of methods for introducing words filled with “cultural meanings” into the educational process and into speech practice.
Thematically grouped lexical units make it possible to organize the enrichment of the speech of foreign students as follows: 1) first there is an acquaintance with the modern meaning of the word (if the word is polysemantic, the student is first introduced to the meaning that has an analogue in the learner’s language); 2) then — texts are proposed in which the word has “cultural overtones”.
The practical value of this research is that enrichment of the dictionary of foreign students’ vocabulary with cultural semantics is important for adequate understanding of sense of the Russian utterance (oral or written). Teaching foreigners the Russian language, we introduce into their speech (oral or written) lexical units, which may have an additional meaning, which is not always reflected in the explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language.

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About this article

Authors: Prosvirkina I.I., Uryupina T.M.

Year: 2019

doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-220-77

Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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