Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University may 20, 2022   RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik

ЭБС Лань
Лицензия Creative Commons

October 2017, № 9 (209)

Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Ermakova N.V., Kazakova T.V., Marshinskaya O.V. CORRELATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH PARAMETERS OF THE METABOLISM OF DISABLED ATHLETESСurrently the Paralympic games are the largest event of world sports, which increases the level of competition between participants. In the preparation of athletes to the games should pay increased attention to their psychological state and a number of indicators of metabolism of the body. Using this data and taking into account their relationship can increase the level of sporting achievements and preserve the health of Paralympic athletes. Conducted psychological research in General had satisfactory results. It was established the absence of significant negative emotions in connection with the peculiarities of physical and psycho-emotional stresses sledge hockey team. This may indicate a sufficient level of adaptation of athletes to training activities. The study of the elemental composition of hair showed that for the majority of the surveyed athletes was characterized by an excess of P, Na, K, Zn, and deficiency of Co, Cr, Ca and Se. In biochemical indicators of blood revealed elevated values of glucose, ALT, direct bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase from 40, 33, 47 and 47 % of patients, respectively. In the course of correlation analysis the highest correlation was observed between the studied psychological indicators and the level of Be, Mg, Se, Si, Al and CA in hair. Most of the indicators of the mental state was significantly correlated with the level of pancreatic amylase, γ-GT, AST, total protein and blood glucose. The study shows the link of the elemental composition of hair and biochemical indicators of psychological characteristics. Despite the fact that the psychological status of the athletes was normal, the indicators of the elemental balance and biochemical profile, in contrast, had deviations, which subsequently can lead to deficient growth and manifestations of neuropsychiatric diseases. Therefore, a questionnaire analysis of psychological status cannot give a full picture of the condition of the athletes, indicating the need for a parallel analysis of the indices of protein, carbohydrate, mineral and lipid metabolism and their timely correction.Key words: athletes, sledge hockey, biochemical indexes of blood, elemental status, psychological characteristics, adaptation.


1. Kadushina, V.A. Social space of rehabilitation of the disabled: development and media coverage of the Paralympic movement in Russia / V.A. Kadushina // Bulletin. — 2009. — № 1. — P. 165-169.

2. Sobiecka, J. Sports activity as a form of increasing efficiency in rehabilitation of handicapped people / J. Sobiecka // Wiadomości Lekarskie. — 2002. — № 55. — Р. 8-15.

3. Kulik, A.A. Personal potential as a psychological requirement for life quality // A. A. Kulik // The Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. — 2014. — № 4 (60). — P. 130-134.

4. Coates, J. Paralympic Legacy: Exploring the Impact of the Games on the Perceptions of Young People With Disabilities / J. Coates, P.B. Vickerman // Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. — 2016. — № 33(4). — Р. 338-347.

5. Tuzlukova, M.D. Psychophysiological adaptation of paralympic athletes with lesions of the visual analyzer to the sports / М.D. Tuzlukova // Practical medicine. — 2015. — № 3 (88). — P. 73-76.

6. Derman, W. High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days / W. Derman, M. Schwellnus, E. Jordaan // British Journal of Sports Medicine. — 2016. — 50 (17).

7. Emelyanova, E. Characteristics of adaptive sports / press center of the Federal target program “Development of physical culture and sports in the Russian Federation”. — M., 2008.

8. Voroshin, I. N. The contents of the innovation system of sports preparation of Paralympic athletes with defeat of the musculoskeletal system / I. N. Voroshin // Scientific notes of University named after P. F. Lesgaft. — 2015. № 5 (123). — P. 49-52.

9. Agadzhanyan N.A. Stress and adaptation theory: monograph / N. A. Aghajanian. — Orenburg: OSU, 2005. — 190 p.

10. Mantrova, I. N. A study guide on psychophysiological and psychological diagnostics / I. N. Mantrova. — Ivanovo : “Neurosoft”, 2007. — 216 p.

11. Wang, L. Effects of high-intensity training and resumed training on macroelement and microelement of elite basketball athletes / L. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang // Biological Trace Element Research. — 2012. — № 149 (2). — Р. 54-68.

12. Aynur, O. Responses of Trace Elements to Aerobic Maximal Exercise in Elite Sportsmen / О. Aynur // JournalSeek entry for Global Journal of Health Science. — 2014. — № 6(3). — Р. 90-96.

13. Papasotiriou, I. Nutritional assessment and analysis of biochemical parameters in athletes.

14. Kubosch, E. J. Upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio. What did the German medical team learn from the London Games? / E. J. Kubosch, J. Kosel, K. Steffen // The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. — 2016. — № 5. — Р. 12-18.

15. Skalny, A. V. Bioelementology: Basic concepts and terms. Terminological dictionary / A.V. Skalny, I.A. Rudakov, S.V. Notova, T. I. Burtseva, O. V. Baranova, S. G. — 2014.

16. Akarachkova, E. S. Stress and magnesium deficiency in women / E. S. Akarachkova // Women’s health Issues. — 2007. — № 3. — P. 68-74.

17. The role of magnesium in the pathogenesis of depressive disorders, some comorbid diseases and ways of their correction / V.A. Gladkevich, V.A. Śnieżnik, S.V. Tishkovsky, V. Adomaitiene, D. Leskauskas, I.V. Medvedeva, E.A. Gladkevich, T.V. Raeva, A.G. Sannikov, E.F. Dorodnova // Journal of Grodno state medical University. — 2015. — №.4. — P. 15-25.

18. Diringer, M. Neurologic manifestations of major electrolyte abnormalities / M. Diringer // Handbook of Clinical Neurology. — 2017. — V. 141. –P. 705-713.

19. Alberto, J. Neurologic complications of electrolyte disturbances and acid–base balance / J. Alberto // Handbook of Clinical Neurology. — 2014. — V. 119. — P. 365-382.

20. Rayman, M. Selenium and human health / M. Rayman // Lancet. — 2012.

21. Radenkovic, F. Selective inhibition of endogenous antioxidants with Auranofin causes mitochondrial oxidative stress which can be countered by selenium supplementation / F. Radenkovic, O. Holland, J.Vanderlelie, А. Perkins // Biochemical Pharmacology. — 2017.

22. Gorozhanka, E. G. Selenium and oxidative stress in cancer patients / E. G. Gorozhanka, S. P. Sviridov, M.M. Dobrovol’skaya, G. N. Zubrikhina, S. R. Cascia // Biomedical chemistry. — 2013. — № 59. — P. 550-562.

23. Mansurov, L. A. The Physiological role of the silicon / L. A. Mansurov, O. V. Fedchishin, V. V. Trofimov, T. G. Zelenina, L. E. Smolianko // Siberian medical journal. — 2009. — S. 16-18.

24. Caito, S. Chapter 11 — Neurotoxicity of metals / S. Caito, M. Aschne // Handbook of Clinical Neurology. — 2015. — V. 131. — P. 169-189.

25. Mohamed, N. Ginkgo biloba extract alleviates oxidative stress and some neurotransmitters changes induced by aluminum chloride in rats / N. Mohamed // Biochemical Pharmacology. — 2017.

26. Bondy, S.C. The neurotoxicity of environmental aluminum is still an issue / S. S. Bondy // Neurotoxicology. — 2010. — № 31. — P. 575–581.

27. Materazzi, S. Complexes of adrenaline with some divalent transition-metal ions / S. Materazzi, C. Nugnes, A. Gentili, R. Curini // Thermochimica Acta. — 2001. — Р. 167-173.

28. Millera, A. Vitamin B12, demyelination, remyelination and repair in multiple sclerosis / A. Millera, M. Korema, R. Almogb, Y. Galboiza // Journal of the Neurological Sciences. — 2005. — V. 233. — P. 93-97.

29. Reynolds, E. Vitamin B12, folic acid, and the nervous system / E. Reynolds // The lancet neurology. — 2006. — P. 949-960.

30. Vitamin B12 Deficiency Presenting with Neurological Dysfunction in an Adolescent / C. M.Stredny, O. Frosch, S. Singhi, E. Furutani, D.Durbin // Pediatric Neurology. — 2016. — V. 62. — P. 66-70.

31. Lelevich, V. V. Neurochemistry. Study guide / V. V. Lelevich. — Grodno: GMU, 2008. — 230 p.

About this article

Authors: Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Ermakova N.V., Kazakova T.V., Marshinskaya O.V.

Year: 2017

Sergey Aleksandrovich

© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
Тел./факс: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail:
1999–2022 © CIT OSU