Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University may 20, 2022   RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik

ЭБС Лань
Лицензия Creative Commons

November 2015, № 13 (188)

Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Alidzhanova I.E., Cheremushnikova I.I., Bibartseva E.V. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND METABOLIC ASPECTSOF ADAPTATIONAND DISADAPTATIONOF STUDENTSStress factors are the causes of emotional stress, reduced functional reserves of the organism, stress leads to increased morbidity and mortality. That's why studying of the mechanisms of adaptation and disadaptation of person has special importance. The article presents the results of long-term studies of the psycho-physiological and metabolic parameters'changes during the adaptation to various environmental conditions. The peculiarities of physical development, lifestyle, eating habits, bad habits, as well as cardio and metabolic parameters in students of different ethnic groups were investigated. Elemental portrait of young men with information about the features of the element status shows that most abnormalities are not related with ethnicity, but are related with the region of residence. At the same time, it was shown the influence of the person individual characteristics on the process of adaptation of students. Correlation analysis between psychological indices and the parameters of adaptation showed that the largest number of correlations between psychological characteristics and cardioindicators were in the group of Tatars. In addition, it is was shown that the functional hemispheric asymmetry of the brain affected on the body's ability to adaptation. Right hemisphere dominant young men hada higher rate of reaction according to the tests "assess attention", "noise immunity", "simple hand-eye reaction". Regardless of the type of functional hemispheric asymmetry, the young men had deficient of cobalt, selenium, an excess of lithium, iron and zinc, compared with the optimal interval centile. Thus, the adaptability of the organism depends on many factors, and defining factors are ethnic characteristics, the type of functional hemispheric asymmetry, lifestyle and environmental living conditions.Key words: adaptation, disadaptation, students, element status, hemispheric asymmetry, ethnic groups.


1. Aghajanian, N.A. Stress and the theory of adaptation: monograph / N.A. Aghajanian.  — Orenburg: IPK GOU OSU, 2005.  — 190 p.

2. Aghajanian, N.A.Stress, physiological and ecological aspects of adaptation, ways of correction: monograph / N.A.Aghajanian, S.V.Notova.  — Orenburg: IPK GOU OSU, 2009.  — 274 p.

3. Baevsky, P.M. Mathematical analysis of changes in heart rate during stress / R.M.Baevskii,O.I.Kirillov, S.Z.Kletskin  — Moscow, Science, 1984, pp 220.

4. Bibartseva, E.V. Features of adaptive reactions of men of various ethnic groups:Cand. Diss. — M., 2010.-109c.

5. Bisaliev,R.V./ To the question about the relevance of studying the problem of aggressive behavior in children and adolescents //R.V.Bisaliev,T.N.Zubkov, V.S.Kalnoy,A.A.Mironov  — Basic Research.  — 2007.  — №1  — P. 77-78

6. Evdokimov,V.I./ Methods of assessing the mental health and indicators of students' adaptation VGMA //V.I. Evdokimov,O.I.Gubin, V.I. Popov, V.V.Bocharov,Y.Y.Tupitcin, S.P.Dgyk  — System analysis and management of biomedical systems.  — 2005.  — T. 4, №4.  — pp 457-461.

7. Litvinova,N.A. Role of individual psychophysiological features of students to adapt to the mental and physical activity: Author's abstract of Doct. Diss. Tomsk, 2008. 25 p.

8. Mantrova, I.N.Methodical management for psycho-physiological and psychological diagnosis / I.N.Mantrova.  — Ivanovo: Neurosoft, 2008.  — 210c.

9. Miroshnikov, S.V. Adaptive changes element status and functional condition of the body when exposed to ecological and physiological factors: Author's abstract of Doct. Diss.  — M., 2014.  — 39 p.

10. Notov, O.S. The effect of food and element status on the physiological indicators of life in extreme environments: Cand. Diss. — St. Petersburg, 2010.-128c.

11. Notova, S.V. Ecological and physiological substantiation of methods of correction element status and functional reserves of the human body: Author's abstract of Doct. Diss. / SVNotova.  — M., 2005.  — 40 s.

12. Petrosienko, E.S.The influence of the type of functional hemispheric asymmetry on the psycho-physiological state of the body: Author's abstract of Cand. Diss.  — M., 2012.  — 20 s.

13. Skalny,A.V. Chemical elements in the physiology and ecology / A.V.Skalny.  — M.: Onyx 21st century: the World, 2004.  — 216 p.

14. Ertek S., Cicero A.F., Calgar O., Erdogan G. Relationship between serum zinc levels, thyroid hormones and thyroid volume following successful iodine supplementation // Hormones. 2010. V.9 (3). P. 263-268.

15. Kohrle J., Jakob F., Contempre B., Dumont J.E. Selenium, the thyroid, and the endocrine system // Endocr. Rev. 2005.V. 26. Р. 944-984.

About this article

Authors: Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Alidzhanova I.E., Cheremushnikova I.I., Bibartseva E.V.

Year: 2015

Sergey Aleksandrovich

© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
Тел./факс: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail:
1999–2022 © CIT OSU