April 2018, № 4 (216), pages 108-114
Karabushchenko N.B., Zorina N.N. AGE PECULIARITIES OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN DIFFERENT FEMALE AGE GROUPSIn the modern Russian society women have to combine professional activity and family obligations. Successful professional activity requires a woman to display such qualities as energy, ambition, initiative. As part of a family it is necessary for a woman to make decisions concerning children and domestic life. It is hard for a woman to accomplish these tasks without such qualities as self-management, stress resistance, emotional balance. In view of this, research of female emotional intelligence obtains particular timeliness that highlights the importance of the development of emotion recognition and control, self-possession in difficult life situations, decision-making. The research was conducted on the basis of comparison of two samples of women: aged 25–30 and 40–45. During the research it was revealed that the general level of emotional intelligence in women aged 40–45 is higher than in women aged 25–30. The following data were obtained regarding the specific components of emotional intelligence: emotional self-awareness, empathy, internal motivation, self-regulation of one’s own emotions is higher in women aged 40–45 than in women aged 25–30. The obtained age-related dynamics of emotional intelligence in women is associated with the development of emotional intelligence from early to middle adulthood in relation to the accumulation of life experience in perception and regulation of their own and someone else’s emotions.Key words: emotional intelligence, early and middle adulthood, woman, emotions.
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Authors: Karabushchenko N.B., Zorina N.N.