Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University january 22, 2019   RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik

ЭБС Лань
Лицензия Creative Commons

November 2017, № 12 (212), pages 51–54

Kulizhskiy C.P., Rodikova A.V., Popova S.V. SOIL FORMATION IN CONTACT ZONES OF TERRITORIAL AND AQUATIC COMPLEXES OF SHIRA STEPPEDiverse soil formation conditions in Shira Steppe of Chulym-Yenisei basin in Minusinsk intermountain trough, with their dissected relief and a substantial amount of standing lakes provide for a great topsoil diversity in the area. This fact complicates the possibilities of their use and methods of protection. Subordinate positions receive additional inflow of water and substances, additionally reinforced by erosion processes at anthropogenically modified parts of the watershed area. Another important factor is that contact zones of territorial and aquatic complexes around the lakes are subjected to the most active exodynamic processes, such as abrasion, colmatage, mire formation, salinization; types of soil chemism dynamics are observed along when cyclic changes in the soil regimes. These unique conditions cannot but reflect on the properties of lakeside soils, including — solonchaks, which mirror the environmental conditions. Soils profiles are located in landscape microzone directly adjacent to the waterfront and are represented by primary, primary stratified, as well as typical and schorre solonchaks. Objects are characterized by a predominance in the composition of chlorides and/or sulfates, in places — with the participation of soda. Easily soluble compounds are represented by halite, thenardite and astrakhanite. The presence of gypsum does not allow the solonetz process to develop in soils remote from the water area of the lake. The findings of the studies show a wide variation of basic soil parameters and properties of solonchaks, determined by a number of local soil formation factors, such as steepness and shape of surrounding slopes, exposure, wind direction, diversity of soil-forming materials, properties of the stratified material, lake size, location, etc.Key words: solonchaks, lakeside soils, Shira Steppe, Khakassia.


1. Water resources of Shirinsky District Republic of Khakassia / Ed. by V.P. Parnachev. — Tomsk: Tomsk University Publish, 1999. — 171 p.

2. Kallas E.V., Soloveva T.P. Properties of steppe soils in Middle Siberia and degradation issues // Vestnik OGU. — №3. — 2015. — Pp.164–170.

3. Kallas E.V., Soloveva T.P. Tanzibayev M.G. Soil of the lake basins of the Chulymo-Yenisei depression / Questions of the geography of Siberia. — Tomsk: TSU, 2001. — P. 189–200.

4. Kovda V.A. Solonetzs and solonchaks. — Moscow–Leningrad: Academy of Sciences Publishing, 1937. — 237 p.

5. Smolentseva E.N. Soil formation in post-aquatic territories in the steppe biome of Western Siberia / Reflection of biological, geological, anthropospheric interaction in soils and topsoil: information package from the 5th International Science Conference dedicated to the 85th anniversary of soil science and soil environment chair of Tomsk State University (September 7–11, 2015, Tomsk, Russia) / Ed. by S.P. Kulizhsky (Editor-in-chief); E.V. Kallas, A.V. Rodikova, T.A. Novokreschennyh. — Tomsk: Tomsk State University Publish, 2015. — Pp. 104–108.

6. Ecological problems of Shirinsky region (the Republic of Khakassia) / N.A. Makarenko, V.P. Parnachev, M.G. Tanzibayev et al. / Questions of Geography of Siberia, 1999. — P. 279–290.

7. Ahmad Salih Muhaimeed Soil Resourses of Iraq [El. resource] // Soil Resources of Mediterranean and Caucasus Countries. — European Comission. Publications of the European Communities. — Luxembourg. — 2013. — P. 98–112. URL:

8. Arkhipov A.L., Ivanova M. O., Tishin P.A. Zonality and mineral association of modern evaporates in the South-Minusinsk basin by the example of Тaloe lake and Ak-Kol lake (Khakassia Republic) //15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2015. — Sofia, Bulgaria, 2015. — Vol. I. — Geology, Mineral processing, oil and gas exploration. — P. 537–542.

9. Bridges E.M., Burnham C.P. Soils of the State of Bahrain [El. resource]. — Wageningen University & Research. — URL:

10. Bashir Nwer Soil resources in Libya (National Report) [El. resource] // Soil Resources of Mediterranean and Caucasus Countries. — European Comission. — Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. — 2013. — P. 175–188. URL:

11. Kulizhskii S.P., Rodikova A.V., Shamshaeva V.F. Lake Shira: mikrozonality of the soil cover of lake depressions in the Shira steppe // Contemporary Problems of Ecology. — 2009. — Vol. 2. — №2. — Р. 103–108.

12. Lebedeva-Verba M., Chizhikova N., Lebedev M. Mineralogical and Micromorphological Investigations of Solt Accumulations in Solonchak of Uzbekistan [El. resource] // Journal of Arid Land Studies. — 2015. — Vol. 25. — №3. — P. 249–251. URL:

13. Lebedeva (Verba) M.P., Lopukhina O.V., Kalinina N.V. Specificity of the Chemical and Mineralogical Composition of Salts in Solonchak Playas and Lakes of the Kulunda Steppe // Eurasian Soil Science. — 2008. — Vol. 41. — №. 4. — P. 416–428. DOI: 10.1134/S106422930804008X

14. Crouvi1 O., Zaidenberg R., Shapiro M. Soil Resources of Israel [El. resource] // Soil Resources of Mediterranean and Caucasus Countries. — European Comission. — Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. — 2013. — P. 114–132. URL:

15. World reference base for soil resources 2006. A framework for international classification, correlation and communication / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. — Rome, 2006. — 130 p.

About this article

Authors: Kulizhskiy S.P., Rodikova A.V., Popova S.V.

Year: 2017

doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-212-51

Zhanna Anatolievna

© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель, издатель, редакция: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: Ж.А. Ермакова
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
Тел./факс: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail:
1999–2019 © CIT OSU