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March 2017, № 3 (203), pages 3–8

doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-203-3-3-8

Ershov M.F. SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PORTRAITS OF THE TEACHERS OF THE TRANS-URALS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX — EARLY THE XX CENTURIESThe object of the study was the history of the regional system of education the second half of the XIX — early of the XX centuries. Is it no secret that in domestic public consciousness dominated idealized conceptions and evaluations of employees of pedagogical work for a long time. The article analyzes the images of the provincial teachers of the Trans-Urals. Necessary to understand socio-psychological stereotypes influenced on the shaping of their images. For consummation of this aim several question was set. What motivation determines the behavior of educators? How did the processes of their adaptation in the environment where they fell? What conflicts are faced by the teachers? In the article on special examples considered the problem of motivation of actions of teachers, their adaptation to existence in rural and provincial environment. Public opinion stand for the emancipation of women. Pedagogy was one of the few areas where a competent woman was able to realize themselves professionally. In general, the teachers were guided by the idea of serving people, borrowed from the tops of the passing of feudal society. Their Patriarchal environment proceeded from the alienation of the individual teacher, which created ground for conflicts. At the same time expected the possibility of using the teacher as a mediator between the local society and the larger world. The results of the study show that in public consciousness the figure of the teacher was mythologized. Work of teacher was seen as a heroic act and as a necessary atoning sacrifice. All the social forces it was assumed that the education system should be based on impersonal values. This dominance over the individual and private interests were devalued human life and overshadow the pragmatic side of education. The economic success of post-reform Russia is not quite consistent with the level of cultural development. As a result, graduates and graduates of educational institutions who have chosen the field of teachers, focused not so much on the “boring” daily work, but to achieve a lofty goal, direct participation in the creation of an ideal society.Key words: the marriage, the Trans-Urals, the myth, national education, the image, the province, the teacher, values.

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About this article

Author: Ershov M.F.

Year: 2017

doi: 10.25198/1814-6457-203-3-3-8

Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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