Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University december 08, 2021   RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik
Pedagogics
Psychology
Other

Search
Vak
Антиплагиат
Orcid
Viniti
ЭБС Лань
Rsl
Лицензия Creative Commons

April 2016, № 4 (192)



Kryuchkov A.G., Eliseev V.I. PATTERNS OF INCOME AND MOISTURE OF SPRING DURUM CONSUMPTION WHEAT IN THE ARID STEPPES OF THE ORENBURG URAL REGIONOrenburg region is one of the leading regions for the production of grain of spring durum wheat. Frequent drought during the growing period, reduce the level of productivity of spring durum wheat. Therefore, being a constant search for techniques that provide increased productivity of spring durum wheat, while maintaining and improving the technological quality of grain. It attaches great importance to the improvement of the conditions of its water supply and power supply. Identify long-term stationary experiment receipt patterns and water consumption of the crop in various weather conditions for years, it is relevant to the Orenburg region and other regions with similar soil and climatic conditions. The basis of the research were laid many years (1974—2015) Experimental data on the yield of spring durum wheat produced in the stationary experiment with fertilizers on a common chernozem of the central zone of the Orenburg region and weather Hydro-meteorological centers with the use of mathematical modeling techniques. As a result of the regularities of the income and expenditure of moisture of spring durum wheat and their role in shaping the yield on its backgrounds without fertilizer and with the introduction of NPK. Research has established a more economical water consumption for fertilizers background, which is very important for arid conditions of the region. Against the background without fertilizers water use ratio is 2 192.5 cubic meters / t, against N80P80K40 — 1 976.8 mі/t. For the first time the conditions of the Orenburg region calculated available water flow rate of spring durum wheat plants on fertilized and unfertilized backgrounds and their relation to productivity. Established as a result of research based productivity of spring durum wheat of moisture reserve in the soil, rainfall and available water flow and the equation can be used in practice in the production of spring durum wheat.Key words: spring hard wheat, delivery and consumption vlagi, yield, correlation parameters.

Download
References:

1. Kryuchkov, A. G., Maksyutov, N. And. Weather factors and the role of precursors in increasing of productivity of spring durum wheat in the steppe zone of the Orenburg region / No. 11, pp. 7-12.

2. Kryuchkov, A. G., Eliseev V. I., Abdrashitov R. R. Fertilizer of spring durum wheat and its yield in Orenburgskom the Urals // Bulletin of the Russian Academy of agricultural Sciences. — 2012 — No. 1 Pp. 53-57.

3. Anikovich V. F. peculiarities of water regime of the soil in connection with application of mineral fertilizers for spring wheat in the arid steppes of the Orenburg region / Collection of scientific works, Ufa. — 1988. — P.68-74.

4. Dospekhov B. A. Methodology of field experiment (with bases of statistical processing of results of research) / M.: Agropromizdat, 1985. — 351 S. s Fig.

5. The materials of the Orenburg bulletins of the weather Bureau for 1974-2015.

6. Scientific reports of the laboratory of Agrochemistry of FSBI "Orenburg research Institute of agriculture" for 1974-2015.


About this article

Authors: Kryuchkov A.G., Eliseev V.I.

Year: 2016


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

Crossref
Cyberleninka
Doi
Europeanlibrary
Googleacademy
scienceindex
worldcat
© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
Тел./факс: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail: vestnik@mail.osu.ru
1999–2021 © CIT OSU