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November 2015, № 13 (188)



Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Alidzhanova I.E., Cheremushnikova I.I., Bibartseva E.V. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND METABOLIC ASPECTSOF ADAPTATIONAND DISADAPTATIONOF STUDENTSStress factors are the causes of emotional stress, reduced functional reserves of the organism, stress leads to increased morbidity and mortality. That's why studying of the mechanisms of adaptation and disadaptation of person has special importance. The article presents the results of long-term studies of the psycho-physiological and metabolic parameters'changes during the adaptation to various environmental conditions. The peculiarities of physical development, lifestyle, eating habits, bad habits, as well as cardio and metabolic parameters in students of different ethnic groups were investigated. Elemental portrait of young men with information about the features of the element status shows that most abnormalities are not related with ethnicity, but are related with the region of residence. At the same time, it was shown the influence of the person individual characteristics on the process of adaptation of students. Correlation analysis between psychological indices and the parameters of adaptation showed that the largest number of correlations between psychological characteristics and cardioindicators were in the group of Tatars. In addition, it is was shown that the functional hemispheric asymmetry of the brain affected on the body's ability to adaptation. Right hemisphere dominant young men hada higher rate of reaction according to the tests "assess attention", "noise immunity", "simple hand-eye reaction". Regardless of the type of functional hemispheric asymmetry, the young men had deficient of cobalt, selenium, an excess of lithium, iron and zinc, compared with the optimal interval centile. Thus, the adaptability of the organism depends on many factors, and defining factors are ethnic characteristics, the type of functional hemispheric asymmetry, lifestyle and environmental living conditions.Key words: adaptation, disadaptation, students, element status, hemispheric asymmetry, ethnic groups.

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About this article

Authors: Notova S.V., Kiyaeva E.V., Alidzhanova I.E., Cheremushnikova I.I., Bibartseva E.V.

Year: 2015


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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