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November 2015, № 13 (188)



Amelin V.V. THE PRESERVATION OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY AS THE BASIS OF STABILITY IN POLYETHNIC MULTICONFESSIONAL REGIONEthno-political situation in Russia, which has a complex, multi-cultural composition of the population, require monitoring of ethno-political processes, developing mechanisms for the preservation of international peace and harmony, dialogue between different religions. The article deals with inter-ethnic and ethno-confessional situation in the multiethnic region. Showing forms of governance of cultural diversity. Ethno-cultural policy pursued by the authorities to preserve and develop national culture, native languages contributes to the preservation of ethnic and religious identity, which in turn leads to the strengthening of civic identity  — the Russian nation. Evaluated the development of Orthodox-Islamic, Orthodoх-Catholic, Orthodox-Protestant dialogue and the attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church to the new religious movements. Noted the positive role of the institutions of civil society, in this case of the national non-governmental organizations, in working to meet the national needs of the population, as well as the creation of mechanisms of interaction between the authorities and ethnic groups. Cited the data on the ethnic structure of the region's population, defined the factors that contribute to its change (migration, change of ethnic identity, interethnic marriages). On the basis of social questioning assessed the state of ethnic and religious relations, revealed the presence of the potential for conflict, named the risks of cross-cultural integration, described the accumulated experience of adaptation of migrants in Orenburg society. It is concluded that the positive practices in the field of state national policy contribute to the preservation of cultural diversity as the basis of ethno-political stability in the region.Key words: cultural diversity, policy of multiculturalism, ethnic and cultural education, state national policy, migration.

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References:

1. Tishkov V.A. Unity in diversity.  — Orenburg: Publishing Center оf OGAU, 2015.  — P. 153.

2. The main results of the 2010 Census of Orenburg Region / Federal State Statistics Service. Territorial body of the state statistics in the Orenburg region.  — Orenburg, 2012.

3. Ibid.

4. Ameline V.V., Denisov D.N., Morgunov K.A. Ethnic and confessional relations in the Orenburg region  — Orenburg: IPK University, 2013.  — P. 28.

5. Current archives of the Government of the Orenburg region. Department of internal policy. Information about ethnic relations. Orenburg, 2015.  — P. 3.

6. Ameline V.V., Denisov D.N., Morgunov K.A. Ethnic and confessional relations in the Orenburg region  — Orenburg: IPK University, 2013.  — P. 29.

7. Analytical Report on the results of sociological research on ethno-cultural education and language policy in the region.  — Orenburg, 2015. 630 people were interviewed: pupils, students, parents, teachers, and university professors. Head of research  — E. M. Vinogradova.

8. Ameline V.V., Denisov D.N., Morgunov K.A. Students of the Volga region about identity, respect for the country and its history. Orenburg region // Russian students. Identity, life strategies and civilian potential / Ed. by V.A. Tishkov.  — M.: IEA RAN, 2014.  — P. 132.

9. Tishkov V.A. Unity in diversity.  — Orenburg: Publishing Center оf OGAU, 2015.  — P. 142.

10. Ameline V.V. Conflicts through the prism of local communities: scientific and publicistic essays.  — 3rd edition, rev. and add.  — Orenburg: Publishing Center оf OGAU, 2015.  — 204 p.

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12. Ameline V.V. Orenburg region: Prospects of ethno-cultural development.  — Orenburg: Publishing Center оf OGAU, 2015. –146 p.

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About this article

Author: Amelin V.V.

Year: 2015


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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