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October 2015, № 10 (185)

Garitskaya M.Y., Chekmareva O.V. ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS FUNCTIONAL ZONES IN ORENBURGCity human environment includes both natural components — air, water, vegetation, soil and fauna and artificial human material elements, which are surrounded by and in contact with which flows the livelihoods of people. In the course of human life changes more natural components of the environment of the city, giving rise to many environmental problems. The city is one of the kinds of social and spatial organization of the population, which emerges and develops on the basis of the concentration of industrial, scientific, cultural, administrative and other functions. In a compact footprint of industry, infrastructure and the population has significant social effect, giving people greater access to the self-realization, health, social services, ways of spending free time. But on the other hand, high population density and concentration of industrial facilities, along with a variety of factors arising from economic activity (noise, vibration, etc.) in a limited area, form the human environment, which by its subject-spatial, physical, chemical and biological parameters and other indicators are fundamentally different from the originally genetically adapted.Key words: urban environment, functional areas, pollution, environmental pressures, the concentration factor, ranking.


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About this article

Authors: Garitskaya M.Yu., Chekmareva O.V.

Year: 2015

Sergey Aleksandrovich

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