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May 2015, № 5 (180)



Gladyshev G.M. ACADEMIC DRAWING AS THE BASIS OF ART OF THE DESIGNER AND ARCHITECTIf we start from the generally accepted in the world community provisions on the recognition of the figure the basis of fine art providing legal leadership in the core academic disciplines, the issue of academic drawing even more topical in the preparation process of the designer, the architect. If the drawing is a means of efficient communication between artist, architect, designer with the outside world, the tasks of academic drawing, academic discipline, are instilling students, future architects and designers of the basic skills of vision of the surrounding world and its adequate image on the picture plane. Later in the article the basic tasks of professional activity of future designers, as the mastery of techniques of creative art process of forming; the prospecting sketches, compositional solutions of the design object. What, therefore, determines the need for education of future architects and designers developed spatial thinking aimed at permanent solutions to three-dimensional problems in the process of teaching academic drawing. The article describes the levels of the interaction and interrelationship of the imagination and thinking of the individual student as a dialectical unity that are refined and deepened through the study and practice of art-visual activities. Creativity with the dominance in the process of thinking can be seen as an imagination. In conclusion, conclusions are drawn that picture for future architects and designers is one of the most important academic disciplines, which gives the basic knowledge without which it is impossible the formation of a specialist and professional. However, to date there is a catastrophic reduction in their teaching load on such subjects as academic drawing, academic painting, academic sculpture. Key words: academic, academic art school, classical antiquity, academic drawing, art and creativity, cognitive abilities, spatial thinking, artistic thinking, the imagination.

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Year: 2015


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Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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