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2010, № 12



Khokhlova O.S., Goleva A.A. THE PALEO-SOILS OF THE BORROW TOMB OF THE EARLY IRON AGE OF AKOB II IN THE AKBULAK DISTRICT OF ORENBURG REGIONThe authors carried out paleo-soil and micro-biomorph study of two large barrows in the tomb complex of Akob II. They established on the basis of the analysis of the properties of the soils buried under the barrows that both barrows are built in the early Iron age synchronously with the barrows in v. Filippovka, with what barrow 1 in the tomb complex of Akob II is built earlier than the barrow 2; paleo-climatic reconstructions are carried out. Climate was characterized by the increased continentality during, that precedes the construction of barrow 1, in VI — first half V v. BC. In the second-half of the V — IV v. BC. — the time of the functioning of the tomb complex of Akob II — climate changed in the direction of strengthening moistening and softening of the degree of continentality. Plant cover, according to the data of micro-biomorph analysis, on the surface of soil under barrow 1 can be characterized as the meadow- steppe with widely spread dry-steppe grasses, whereas vegetation on the surface of soil during the construction of barrow 2 was absent, probably, as the result of human activity with the building of barrows. Key words: paleo-soil, barrows, the early Iron age, paleo-climatic reconstructions, micro-biomorph analysis, the second-half of Holocene.

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About this article

Authors: Golyeva A.A., Hohlova O.S.

Year: 2010


Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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