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Orenburg State University january 18, 2022   RU/EN
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Yakhina R.R.
FUNCTIONAL AND SEMANTIC ASSIMILATION OF TERMS OF THE ENGLISH ORIGIN: PROCESS OF A DEETIMOLOGIZATION [№ 3 ' 2017]
The present research deals with an attempt that was made to reveal the peculiarities of semantic functioning of the de-etymologisation in the example of foreign language vocabulary of English origin. Over time, some loanwords undergo a process of simplification, i.e. loss of the former word's etymological ties with the prototype causing the word of a motivated to the names of objects of objective reality becomes unmotivated name. Analysis at this stage includes the description of semantic adaptation, the functioning of these terms in two languages environments, namely in English and Russian, to trace the dependence of the lexicographical representation of the term or anglicisms in Russian and English languages. It was found that during the correlation of the prototype and borrowed words the prototype lost verbal forms, and then the borrowed word begins to be used in the Russian language only for the category of objects, events and concepts. In the language of the source word formed from a verb stem with a suffix, are perceived as divisible, composite structural terms of the type “verb + suffix”. However, in the language-receptor, they are executed as indivisible terms. Thus, we investigated the process of de-etymologisation with borrowed words from the English language in the process of adaptation on the Russian language. Also in this work the simplification process with Sam was investigated “brand”: Vanish, Tide. Discovered a mixture of linguistic forms, which can be traced in the structure and the semantics of the language correlates. In this article we have identified the cause of de-etymologisation. There are the following main reasons: sound changes that breaks the relative ties of words, the inefficiency of certain foreign suffixes, the conditional nature of the names of certain objects, etc. In most cases of borrowing, as a part of speech are nouns, and in turn, for the semantic development of foreign words in the Russian language, from the language of the source they bring verbs. Thus, the modern Russian language is enriched not only by nouns but also verbs and adjectives.

Kanyukov V.N., Stadnikov A.A., Trubina O.M., Yakhina O.M.
EXPERIMENTAL MODELING OF TRAUMATIC CORNEAL INJURIES [№ 12 ' 2014]
There was modeled erosion of the cornea by the method of S. Hanna, J.E. O'Brien, alkaline corneal burn by Obenberger method, acid burn of the cornea, by analogy with the alkali burn in the eyes of experimental animals (rabbits). The state of the animals was assessed clinically and morphologically in dynamics. The study has shown that these models reflect the essence of reparative processes and the data, obtained in the experiment, can be extrapolated to the clinic.

Stadnikov A.A., Kanyukov V.N., Trubina O.M., Yakhina O.M.
APPLICATION OF BIOPLASTIC MATERIAL "HYAMATRIX" IN CHEMICAL CORNEAL INJURY [№ 4 ' 2013]
The paper describes an experimental study of the cornea chemical damage (alkaline and acid) of 30 rabbits (60 eyes). In the experimental group (30 eyes) the treatment was carried out according to the method of prof. V.N. Kanyukov. In the control group (30 eyes) there were appointed instillations of keratoplastic drugs. Clinical and morphological data obtained in the experiment showed that the application helped to reduce edema, thereby reducing the risk of newly formed blood vessels, accelerated the leucoma formation at alkaline burn.

Kanyukov V.N., Stadnikov A.A., Trubina O.M., Yakhina O.M.
PECULIARITIES OF CORNEA REGENERATION AT APPLICATION OF BIOPLASTIC MATERIAL ON THE BASE OF HYALURONIC ACID [№ 12 ' 2012]
There were simulated chemical (alkalotic and acid) cornea burns in experiment. Comparative analysis of this pathology treatment with "hyamatrix" application and conservative treatment with keratoplastic means was carried out. We noticed peculiarities of cornea reparative regeneration at new method of treatment application.

Kanyukov V.N., Stadnikov А.А., Тrubina О.М., Yakhina O.M.
STATE OF REHABILITATION PROBLEM OF PATIENTS WITH CORNEAL PATHOLOGY (REVIEW) [№ 1 ' 2012]
The authors presented condition of the problem of treatment and rehabilitation of patients with diseases of the cornea, described the new direction in treating this disease based on stimulation of the regenerative abilities of the structures of the cornea.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
Зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл № ФС77-37678 от 29 сентября 2009 г.
Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
Адрес редакции: 460018, г. Оренбург, проспект Победы, д. 13, к. 2335
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