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Orenburg State University january 25, 2022 RU/EN
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Nesterenko Y.M., Nesterenko M.Y.
SCIENTIFIC FOUNDATIONS OF NATURE MANAGEMENT AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURE IN THE SOUTH URALS [№ 13 ' 2015]
The article describes the scientific foundations of environmentally safe nature management in the conditions of deficiency water resources in crop production, the development of various fields, to ensure the development of society and the economy. The influence of nature on the development of the regions and their territories. The Orenburg steppe agricultural land converted into arable land and intensively maintained pastures and hayfields; degraded and reduced river flow, the subsoil and groundwater have transformed by mining, the biosphere significantly altered. A natural and man-made environment is formed. Continued consumption nature management worsens the ecological situation in the region and the living conditions of the population. It outflow to the regions with the most favorable conditions is accelerated. It should be a highly efficient use of natural resources, ensuring the harmonious development of nature with man, and taking into account his interests. It is proposed to the socio-economic development of regions and municipalities considered together by natural conditions, identifying them as the natural and socio-economic systems. The natural water is a backbone component in Orenburg nature, it determine the level of productivity of arable land, pastures and hayfields, distribution and rate of development of the mining industry and the environmental state of subsoil. In article suggested the ways improving the efficiency and environmental safety of management of natural resources in the region.

Vasilyeva T.N., Nesterenko Yu.M., Polyakov D.G., Halin A.V.
ASSESSMENT OF BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES AND PRODUCTIVITY PHYTOCENOSIS CENTRAL ORENBURZHYE [№ 10 ' 2015]
South Ural is one of the anthropogenic changes in Russia. The presence of water in the soil is one of the most important conditions for chemical, biological, physical and chemical processes. Geomorphological heterogeneity of the steppes is the determining factor of their biodiversity. The main reason is the redistribution of moisture in relief. Findings of the soil moisture of the Orenburg region are the result of field research conducted during 2014 and which included a route survey of soils in areas with sampling cloyam of 0–10cm, 10–20cm, 30–40cm and 40–50cm. edaphic factors are all parts of a typical ecological series. A prerequisite biogeotsenologicheskih research is to describe the floristic composition of the studied areas. To do this, they collected samples of herbaceous plant species and analyzed the frequency of species, the relative density of the population in all 23areas of the Orenburg region. During the study identified about 250species of plants belonging to 36families. We studied the productivity of plant communities. To find that the species belonging to different groups of plants is reflected in the distribution of phytomass between them. Throughout the growing season examined the number of litter meadow. During the growing season increases the mass of litter meadow, and the proportion of basic grains, the end of the vegetative mass of accumulated litter meadow max. All fields of the dominant benchmark sites are perennials (90.2%). Structure and productivity of grasslands depends on environmental factors and on fenosostoyaniya plants. The basis of the eluvial grass area is a group of plants xerophilous environmental series, ie, xerophytes, xeromesophyte: Festcavalesica (fescue), Agropyroncristatum (crested wheatgrass), Stipacapillata (feather hair-worm), Artemsiaabsnthium (wormwood). It should be noted that some types of ubiquitous, i.e. in at superaqual and ellyuvialnyh areas, so for example Artemsiaabsnthium (wormwood), Phleumphleoides (steppe timothy), Brōmusinērmis (brome), Festucapratensis (meadow fescue).The study revealed the influence of relief on soil moisture elementary landscapes. Soils superaqual (floodplain) and accumulative-eluvial landscapes (lowland) moistened better than the eluvial (hills and slopes) or urbanozem. Accordingly, higher productivity and biodiversity superaqual (floodplain) than eluvial landscapes.

Nesterenko M.Y., Tsvyak A.V.
GEODYNAMIC STUDIES HYDROCARBON DEPOSITS SOUTHERN URALS [№ 10 ' 2015]
Considered man-made effects on the earth's crust areas of oil and gas in the Southern Urals region, leading to a decrease in reservoir pressure and changes in the level of reservoir water. The correlation between the decrease in pressure in the water system with geodynamic and seismic activity subsoil. It was found that the water filling the tectonic faults in the geological environment, accelerate the transfer of power generated pressure gradient in the reservoirs beyond the producing fields. The analysis and comparison of the centers of seismic events with the geological and tectonic structure, natural and technogenic disturbed gidrogeodinamikoy. In the developed deposits of hydrocarbons decrease in pressure in the "hydrocarbon— produced water" violates existing natural geodynamic equilibrium containing geological structures, which becomes the cause of their movements and seismic events In addition, the exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits, due to the decrease in reservoir pressure significantly pressure changes in the groundwater, the direction and velocity of movement as well as the permeability and other properties of capacitive and surrounding geological environment. In the developed deposits of hydrocarbons in the South Urals is fixed at an average of 20–30 years of seismic events with magnitude ML=1–2 or more, which is ten times more common than outside. At the same time, technological geodynamic processes in the upper crust in the areas of development of hydrocarbon deposits occur relatively quickly (compared to natural geodynamic processes), and tend to have long-term consequences. To control the negative developments on the ground action geodynamic processes can be applied geodetic observations on the reference points of profile lines of leveling, however, given the significant land area developed deposits of hydrocarbons, the use of this method of monitoring the development of geomechanical, geodynamic and, under certain conditions, permafrost processes is not always appropriate (high cost work, a significant duration of time, etc.). Seismological monitoring allows to register geodynamic processes in the rock mass with an estimate of their depth continuously. The methodology of construction of geodynamic polygons on the basis of seismic observations. According to the analysis made on a number of hydrocarbon deposits of the Southern Urals observations in accordance with the proposed method of geodynamic monitoring organization, it was established a manifold increase in seismic activity in the areas of subsoil hydrocarbon producing fields. The maximum activity of the geological environment was a space dedicated to the hydrodynamic funnels, concentrating in the areas of greatest fall reservoir pressure and tectonic faults.

Pasechnikova L.V., Nesterenko M.V.
BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY IN THE FINANCIAL-ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF CEMENT INDUSTRY [№ 5 ' 2013]
The possibility of implementing the Balanced Scorecard in the activities of the cement industry in order to increase the efficiency of the business. With the concept of the Balanced Scorecard implementation allowed the issue of control of strategic decisions in the financial and economic activities of enterprises.

Vlatskaya I.V., Nesterenko M.Yu., Polezhaev P.N.
DECISION SUPPORT MODELS UNDER UNCERTAINTY WHICH REDUCED TO COOPERATIVE GAMES [№ 9 ' 2012]
This paper describes the decision support system under uncertainty on the basis of gaming simulation. It includes the model of management decision-making in competitive markets, the cooperation model of one product manufacturers in workflow, the model of scheduling jobs in grid and the model of costs distribution between the members of cooperative. Each model reduces the problem of decision-making to one of the variants of cooperative games.

Nesterenko M.Yu., Vlatskaya I.V., Polezhaev P.N.
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF PARALLEL ALGORITHMS FOR STATISTICAL GAMES SOLUTION [№ 9 ' 2012]
This paper describes parallel algorithms for solution of statistical two players games under condition of full or stochastic uncertainty. They are based on the computation of the classical decision making criteria. Developed algorithms experimentally demonstrated their effectiveness and scalability for SMP and cluster systems.

Nesterenko Y.M., Nesterenko M.Y., Pelagein A.A., Sharapov A.S.
PROBLEMS OF ECOLOGY OIL AND GAS SOUTHERN URALS REGION [№ 12 ' 2011]
In the Southern Urals operates Europe's largest oil and gas field Orenburg, and many other oil fields. Meeting the challenges of monitoring and forecasting of geodynamic processes in the areas of oil and gas production possible on the basis of the developed by the Division of Environmental Geoscience Orenburg Research Center of UrD RAS integrated approach for monitoring of geodynamic processes and earthquake activity. A lot of the epicenters of registered events recorded along the fault zones, indicating that these regions of high seismicity, caused by technogenic seismicity is observed. On October 1, 2010 seismic network, "Gas-seismic" start record seismic events — explosions in the vicinity of the landfill Donguzsk Defense Ministry. Blasts increase the natural seismic activity in conjunction with the negative consequences of hydrocarbons, which leads to destabilization of the geodynamics of the upper crust and its water system.

Vlatskaya I.V., Nesterenko M.Yu., Polezhayev P.N.
DEVELOPMENT OF SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR DECISION-MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY BASED ON THE GAMING SIMULATION [№ 5 ' 2011]
In this work, we carried out a comparative analysis of existing approaches to decision making under uncertainty, developed a conceptual model of decision making in conflict situations, as well as proposed the support system for decision-making under uncertainty based on the gaming simulation.

Nesterenko Y.M., Bondarenko I.I., Nesterenko M.Y., Vlatsky V.V.
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF SURFACE RUNOFF AND ITS SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION [№ 10 ' 2010]
The mathematic model and the program for calculating water runoff, taking into account the surface topography are developed. The mathematic model based on partition of the surface of the elementary area, runoff modeling on all elementary areas and calculating of integral water runoff parameters.

Nesterenko M.Yu., Nesterenko Yu.M.
HYDROGEOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND THEIR SIMULATION IN THE REGIONS IF HYDROCARBON MINING BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE SOUTH CIS-URAL [№ 9 ' 2010]
The authors examined technogenic changes in the underground waters and the geological medium of the regions of the hydrocarbon mining in the South Cis-Ural. With the development of petroleum and gas fields decrease in stratified pressure and a change in the level of stratal water is unavoidable. The hydrodynamic connection of the water-bearing horizons of the South Cis-Ural is proved. They proposed the filtrational model of the development of depression funnel in the region of the developed layers of oil and gas.

Nikiforov I.A., Nesterenko M.Yu., Vlatskiy V.V.
THE GEO-INFORMATION SIMULATION OF THE DYNAMICS OF GEOLOGICAL MEDIUM UNDER THE TECHNOGENIC-CHANGED CONDITIONS BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE SOUTH CIS-URAL [№ 9 ' 2010]
The successful solution of the problems of seismic monitoring assumes the deep unification of the information description of many subject areas of different nature. The general geometric space is the basic prerequisite of their integration into the united geo-information model of complex structure.

Kolinichenko A.F., Nesterenko Yu.M.
NATURAL AND MAN-CAUSED SEISMICITY OF ORENBURG REGION [№ 1 ' 2006]


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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