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Orenburg State University january 18, 2022   RU/EN
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Muhamedzhanova N.M.
EDUCATION IN THE MULTI-ETHNIC SOCIETY [№ 1 ' 2019]
Modern Russian education is experiencing another round of reform in accordance with global development trends. However, how much does the new education model meet the demands of Russia as a unique civilized formation? The answer to this question is directly related to the aspects for the development of not only education, but also the whole of Russian society.
The basic feature of the Russian “frontier” civilization is the dominance of the diversity principle over the unity principle, due to the multi-ethnic and multi-religious nature of Russia. Therefore, the main task of state power at all stages of development of Russia was the task of strengthening the spiritual unity of the peoples of the empire, which was carried out by various methods, including through education.
The education reform of the period of Alexander , which presupposed the translation of the Bible into the native languages of the peoples of the empire, as well as the system of “foreign” education of N.I. Ilminsky, implemented in the 60–70s of the 19th century among the peoples of the East of Russia, was subordinated to this goal. However, these attempts at spiritual integration of a confessionally diverse Russian society based on the Orthodox faith had a powerful unplanned effect — the intensification of the country’s ethnic and cultural dynamics.
In the Soviet period, when the state embarked on the formation of a single historical community “Soviet people”, education became a means of cultural unification of the peoples of the country, which would be later one of the reasons for strengthening separatist sentiments in the national republics and the destruction of the integrity of the once united state.
Now, the education system in Russia actively introduces various innovations, not trying to find out their importance for the development of society and compliance with the cultural specifics of the country. As a result, the basic characteristics of the new education model are in conflict with the civilizational characteristics of the “frontier” civilization. In my opinion, such uncritical borrowing of educational models created in mono-ethnic Western societies is becoming a factor in the decline of the country's ethnic and cultural security.

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
"SPLIT PERSONALITY" AS THE PHENOMENON OF FRONTIER CIVILIZATION [№ 7 ' 2014]
The article substantiates the idea that the specific features of Russian national character largely determined by the "split", "frontier" character of Russian civilization, because similar formations differ in the low level of structured of mentality and psychological structure of base representative personality and, as a result, certain contradictoriness, confusion of her socially-psychological characteristics.

Muhamedzhanova N.M.
THE PROBLEM OF FREEDOM AND ORDER IN MODERNIZING SOCIETIES [№ 7 ' 2013]
The article explains the idea that the main problem of a modernizing society is the problem of choosing between freedom and order. Need of such choice caused specific of modernization in the USSR at the beginning of XX century, and the countries of South-East Asia in the second half of the XX century. From positions of the author, efficiency of east strategy of modernization determined by an optimal balance of freedom and an order, traditional mechanisms of self-organization of cultures and exogenous innovations.

Muhamedzhanova N.M.
ROLE OF DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS IN CIVILIZATIONAL DYNAMICS [№ 7 ' 2012]
The article examines the role of demographic factors in the dynamics of civilization, various approaches to the explanation of demographic changes in the world. Particular attention is paid to migration, qualitative changes of the structure of the population in modern Western countries. The possible consequences of demographic change and growth of cultural diversity in European civilization are given.

Konyukhov V.A., Makarov T.M., Nasteka N.L., Konyukhov A.V., Mukhamedzhanova Yu.Kh., Shcherbakov S.Yu., Avdeeva I.A.
SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE COMPLEX ECOLOGOHYGIENIC ESTIMATION OF IODINE DEFICIT IN POPULATION AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL [№ 12 ' 2010]
The authors examined the methodological aspects of development and introduction of systematic approach to the estimation of iodine deficit in the agroindustrial region, acceptable both for the current evaluations, including for purposes of the verification of the results of prenosological hygienic diagnostics and for predicting the distant consequences of iodine deficit . They represented the experience of its practical application in Orenburg region for the mortality study of population from the malignant new formations of the thyroid gland.

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
THE PRINCIPLE OF MULTICULTURALISM IN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION [№ 10 ' 2010]
The author examined the problem of multiculturalism in the contemporary western societies, its possible negative consequences and marks. The author analyzed the historical experience of the formation of cultural unity in the poly-ethnic Russian society, which, to the view of the author, can be useful today for the western countries, which survive "the testing by culture".

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS [№ 7 ' 2010]
The article studies the problem of intercultural communications under globalization conditions, analyzes notions "globalization" and "globalism", and justifies cyclic character of globalization processes in the world history. Author analyzes main concepts of intercultural interaction into modern age and the specific features of their appearance in the Russian culture.

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
PROBLEM OF CULTURE PENETRABILITY INTO INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS [№ 7 ' 2009]
This article is devoted to the problem of culture penetrability, which is getting special urgency in conditions of activity strengthening of intercultural communications in the modern world. Culture penetrability is treated by the author from one side as a source of social-cultural dynamics, from other side – as a factor of destabilization of society and personality in bringing up to date society.

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL TECHNOLOGY OF SOCIETY MODERNIZATION: REGIONAL ASPECT [№ 7 ' 2008]
The role of education as a social technology of society modernization is regarded in this article. On the example of Islamic nations of Volga-Ural region which became one of the centers of Islamic cultural-religious reformatory at the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries the author proves that national education became the effective means of Islamic regional communities adaptation to new conditions of existing in modernized Russian society.


[№ 12 (app.1) ' 2006]

Vakoulyuk V.M., Konyukhov V.A., Makarova T.M., Broudastov Yu.A., Nasteka N.L., Konyukhov A.V., Dolgikh E.V., Dmitrieva L.A., Moukhamedzhanova Yu.H.
UNIVERSITY MODEL OF SOCIAL-HYGIENIC MONITORING (SHM) OF STUDENT AND EMPLOYEE HEALTH [№ 12 ' 2006]
Methodological aspects of university model development and justification of unified methodical scheme of social-hygienic monitoring of health of students and employees of multi-field university are considered. Organizational, structural and functional flow charts of monitoring implementation are presented.


[№ 12 (app.1) ' 2006]

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
THE PROBLEMS OF MODERNIZATION IN POLYETHNIC SOCIETY [№ 7 ' 2006]
The idea, that the main reason of prolonged and sickly modernization in Russia was limit heterogeneity of Russian civilization, asynchronism of local cultural worlds development which shown on all levels of social-cultural system, is proved in this article. The role of state in the processes of Russian society modernization, general principles of social-cultural politics of state power on the different stages of the Russian history are discovered in this work too.

Mukhamedzhanova N.M.
SPECIFIC OF TRADITIONS AND INNOVATIONS INTERACTION IN RUSSIAN CULTURE AT THE PERIOD OF MODERNIZATION TRANSFORMATION [№ 7 ' 2006]
Interaction of traditions and innovations Russian culture at the period of modernization transformation is researched in this article. Correlation and localization of traditions and innovations at the different stages of Russian history, social technologies and mechanism of innovations spreading are shown here. Also the character of perception, conditions of innovations attaching and stereotypization of Russian ethnic cultures, which determined the success of passed in society reforms are shown in this work.


[№ 5 (app.1) ' 2006]


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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