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Orenburg State University january 17, 2022   RU/EN
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Danilenko O.V., Korneva I.N., Shupaev A.V.
STUDY OF SANITARY AND HYGIENIC TRAINING CONDITIONS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF ORSK [№ 2 ' 2021]
The study is devoted to the problem of studying the sanitary and hygienic conditions of education in educational institutions of Orsk from the standpoint of the health of schoolchildren. The aim of the study was to study the dependence of the health of schoolchildren on the sanitary and hygienic conditions of education in educational institutions of Orsk. The material and technical equipment of some schools in Orsk, the sanitary and hygienic conditions of education, the microclimate of the premises, the availability of recreational facilities and the relationship between the level of morbidity among schoolchildren and sanitary and hygienic conditions were studied..The conditions of education of schoolchildren, placement in ecologically unfavorable territories are analyzed: dangerously close location of industrial enterprises, highways with heavy traffic. The sanitary and hygienic state of educational institutions was analyzed, which revealed a positive trend, as evidenced by an increase in the number in 2019. secondary schools belonging to the 1st group of sanitary and epidemiological welfare and the absence of schools with the 3rd group of sanitary and epidemiological welfare. The number of educational institutions requiring major repairs has decreased. Along with positive dynamics, negative aspects are noted. The illumination of workplaces in classrooms in 2019 deteriorated, which correlates with an increase in the number of children with a decrease in visual acuity. In 2019, the proportion of educational institutions that do not meet sanitary and hygienic standards in terms of microclimate parameters increased, at the same time, it is noted that respiratory diseases among children and adolescents occupy a leading place.

Danilenko O.V., Korneva I.N., Safonova V.Yu.
FORMATION OF A SAFE TYPE OF PERSONALITY IN LIFE SAFETY LESSONS [№ 4 ' 2020]
The process of forming a safe type of personality in the lessons of life safety, in particular the basics of countering terrorism and extremism at school, is relevant. The effective assimilation of the knowledge inherent in this section is facilitated by the method of using practical tasks in the course of studying the section. In modern Russian legislation, colossal attention is paid to the prevention of the phenomena of terrorism and extremism. This is necessary in order to convey this information to the largest possible audience, and to try to “invest” tolerance, respect, peace and kindness in the minds and hearts of the younger generation. The section of the basics of life safety — “Fundamentals of countering terrorism and extremism in the Russian Federation” is included in the curriculum in the school course of life safety in order to teach and prepare a teenager from an early age to avoid such emergencies, and if they have already happened, then have time to find the right one solution. The purpose of the study was to theoretically study, substantiate and test in practice the peculiarities of teaching the basics of countering terrorism and extremism at school and mastering this section by students, which contributes to the formation of a safe type of personality.
In accordance with the purpose and objectives of the study, we studied the textbook material on the section Fundamentals of Countering Terrorism and Extremism in the Russian Federation”, analyzed the forms and methods of work in this section. Further, a program was developed for the implementation of the proposed methodology on the example of grade 11. For this section, such forms of non-traditional lessons as Lesson-judgment, Lesson-dispute, Lesson-conference, Lesson-game (What? Where? When?) are optimal. Such forms of unconventional lessons as the Lesson-Quiz, Lesson-Conference are absolutely not suitable. In rare cases, when the teacher sees psychological maturity and readiness, it is possible to prepare a Lesson-Game, with practical training of behavior skills in the event of a terrorist attack. Thus, after our work, the following conclusions were made that the essence of the concepts of terrorism and extremism is much wider than taught at school, the material in the life safety textbook on countering terrorism and extremism is given in sufficient volume, but the ascertaining experiment showed a low level of assimilation of the material, difficulties in understanding and constructing one’s actions in the event of a terrorist attack

Danilenko O.V., Korneva I.N.
ACTUALIZATION OF SOCIALLY CONDITIONED DISEASES PREVENTION ISSUES AMONG ORSK CITY YOUTH [№ 4 ' 2019]
Diseases of a social nature cause harm to society and require social protection of a person. Social diseases include tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, alcoholism, drug addiction, vitamin deficiencies, malnutrition, some occupational diseases. In the city of Orsk, the most acute problem in this field of study is the wide spread of HIV infection, and, as a result, AIDS. The purpose of the study: to study the incidence rate of social diseases by the example of HIV infection in the city of Orsk and to determine effective measures for the prevention of the disease. Object of study: HIV infection as a social disease. Subject of research: forms and methods of preventing social diseases, using the example of HIV infection in the city of Orsk.
In accordance with the goal, object, subject of research, we formulated the following tasks: to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in the city of Orsk; to determine effective forms and methods of preventing social diseases among young people in Orsk.
In the course of the study, we obtained statistical data on the incidence of social diseases in the city of Orsk, using the example of HIV infections. The prevalence of these diseases is quite high. The specificity of transmission of HIV infection determines its gender and age characteristics. We found that almost half of HIV-infected citizens are men and women from 1970–1980, i.e. residents whose age is 38–48 years. Despite the large number of HIV-infected citizens in the city of Orsk, in general, the number of HIV-infected among young people is declining. In our opinion, this is due to the effectiveness of ongoing preventive work in the city of Orsk. The most effective measures for further prevention among young people will be traditional measures, i.e. public, individual, sanitary and medical.

Lelyukhin A.S., Kornev E.A.
SPECTROMETRIC METHOD OF DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE ATOMIC NUMBER OF ENGAGING TISSUE, WHICH IS VISUALIZED ON DIGITAL ROENTGENOGRAMS [№ 12 ' 2004]
A numerical criterion of engaging tissue identification, which is visualized on digital roentgenograms at the ratio of cure intensity, measured in different spectral range, is presented in this article. Metrological limits of method are regarded here too.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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