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Orenburg State University january 17, 2022   RU/EN
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Mukhina S.A., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova OV, Zimina I.S.
ETHNIC APPROACH IN THE SCHOOLCHILDREN NOTIONS FORMATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY [№ 5 ' 2018]
Environmental safety is a socio-natural and scientific reality, it is an object of study of various sciences: natural, social, legal, etc., as it covers a complex set of human relationships with the surrounding natural environment. The concept of environmental safety is a system of views, goals, principles and priorities, as well as political, economic, legal, administrative, scientific, technical, sanitary-epidemiological and educational actions based on them aimed at creating safe and favorable living conditions for the current and future generations of the population. Recently, the principle of familiarizing the younger generation with the origins of national culture from an early age with schools and families is not fully implemented: children do not know the national proverbs and sayings, riddles, tales, epics, traditions and customs. Current position ST. Shatsky that the forms, methods and means of the educational work of the modern school should be ethnopedagogically comprehended and instrumented. And it is natural that the teacher can acquaint students with the culture of all peoples living in the region to form various scientific concepts. In order to increase the level of knowledge on environmental safety among schoolchildren in the experimental group, we conducted lessons in the basics of life safety using ethnic material. We acquainted students with rituals, traditions, fairy tales, legends, songs of all peoples living in the region. In the experimental group, the positive dynamics of the knowledge on ecology and ecological safety was observed in comparison with the control group.

Zimina I.S., Demintseva O.A., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova O.V.
FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ READINESS FOR SAFE BEHAVIOR IN DANGEROUS SITUATIONS [№ 11 ' 2017]
This study was conducted to study the formation of students’ readiness for safe behavior in hazardous situations. The modern school should pay special attention to the development of a safe type of personality behavior using various means and methods. Everyone should be aware of the nature of the emergence and development of dangerous situations; know their strengths and dangers, overcoming opportunities; be able to properly look at the situation. The main goal of developing a personality of a safe type must be reduced to acquiring skills and abilities that allow them to correctly shape their behavior and thus reduce the level of outgoing threats, as well as to prevent the dangers that surround them in the modern world. We conducted experimental studies of pupils in grades 5-9 of the general education schools of the Republic of Mari El, in all — 129 people (grade 5 — 21 students, 6 class — 17 students, 7 class — 23 students, 8 class — 44 students; 9th grade — 24 students). The diagnostic results determined the level of knowledge of schoolchildren on the basics of life safety, as well as the dominant types of personality response in situations: adequate, anxious, ignoring and uncertain. Undefined type among schoolchildren during the study we found. We observed the following correlation: schoolchildren with a low level of knowledge of the basics of safe behavior exhibit disturbing and ignoring types of behavior in dangerous situations. Thus, special importance in the formation of the personality of a safe type of behavior belongs to the period of schooling, in the course of educational and extra-curricular activities, teachers need to use various means and methods for this. The person of a safe type of behavior must have the skills and abilities to correctly build their behavior and thus reduce the level of threats emanating from themselves, as well as to prevent the dangers surrounding the person in the modern world.

Dyrdina E.V., Gavrilov A.A.
EXPERIENCE IN THE USE OF THE CASE-STUDY IN THE TEACHING OF MECHANICS TO STUDENTS-ARCHITECTS [№ 7 ' 2016]
The case study method, widely used and shown to be effective in the study of management, marketing, law, medicine, while not actively used in the teaching of General engineering disciplines. This article describes the experience of using case method in teaching the mechanics of future architects. It is shown that this method can be an effective tool for studying the mechanics of structures, to increase the motivation and interest of students, promote the development of independent analytical thinking. The technique of case-technology in teaching theoretical mechanics for students of architectural specialties.Examples of the development of case studies on mechanics based on outstanding architectural objects in the framework of the organization of independent work of students. The use of the case method allowed the teacher to bring the contents of the course ‘Theoretical mechanics’ to the needs of the specialty ‘Architecture’, and students to rethink the role of this discipline in their future profession, which significantly increased their motivation. The described form of organization of independent work gave students an opportunity to obtain skills of practical use of the laws of mathematics and mechanics for the analysis of the constructive work of buildings and structures and to acquire experience in the team and practice public speaking and professional discussions. Joint work of teachers and students on developing cases can be considered as a successful practice learning in collaboration.

Zimina I.S., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova O.V., Mukhina S.A.
THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING ON ADAPTATION INDICATORS STUDENTS [№ 6 ' 2016]
Adaptation resources of the human body largely determine the state of its health, not only physical but also psychological one. In conventional medicine the concept of health emphasizes the importance of perceived health, one component of which is welfare. Well-being along with happiness, satisfaction, comfort are the socio-psychological characteristics related to subjectively experienced processes of human life. The concept of "individual well-being" includes social, spiritual, physical, material, and psychological components. This involves the implementation of physical and spiritual human capabilities. The value of the sense of well-being is the basis of mental health, which is a basic phenomenon of human health. The realization of a person's own resources is impossible without psychological resistance. And as a consequence, it is impossible to feel satisfied with the process of self-realization and have a sense of well-being. In pedagogics of the higher school causes of psycho-pedagogical nature, making it difficult to master the specific learning activities, conditions for socio-psychological adaptation of students to educational process are not sufficiently disclosed. In the study it was found that students reduced the mechanisms of adaptation, as indicated by a low level of psychological well-being among boys and girls; decline in cardio-respiratory reserve; marked acceleration of the value of the "individual minute" in the majority of women; low stress in boys-mediated decrease in the level of activity. The work concluded that the increase in the level of compensatory-adaptive mechanisms in the 1st year students should be implemented on the basis of improvement of life conditions and the creation of educational health care environment.

Morozov N.A., Vlasov Y.L., Gavrilov A.A.
OPTIMIZATION OF PARAMETERS OF COMPOSITE COVERINGS DRY COMPARTMENTS OF AIRCRAFT BY MEANS OF NASTRAN [№ 9 ' 2015]
The researches devoted to minimization of mass of aircraft will never stop being the actual. Decrease in weight allows to lower costs of production of the aircraft, to reduce the dynamic loadings arising when transporting and in the course of its flight and also to reduce amount of fuel, necessary for flight. The purpose of receiving the covering providing the greatest coefficient of a stock of the general stability and the maximum durability of a compartment on condition of minimization of its weight was set. Researches were conducted by modeling of the intense deformed condition of coverings by means of a method of final elements in Nastran. For research the layered model consisting of variously reinforced layers of composite material of the set thickness was used. As a result of calculation on durability and stability of various coverings it was established that optimum schemes of laying of four-layer coverings are the schemes having the inside layers (the closest to a longitudinal axis of a compartment) reinforced under angles and the external layer reinforced at an angle. Lack of distinction in stability and durability of coverings in case of mutual change of places of the layers reinforced under angles provides possibility of replacement of these two layers with one orthotropic layer. When modeling dry compartments of aircraft the preference needs to be given to the four-layer coverings having the scheme of an arrangement of layers (45, –45, 0, 90). Influence of change of quantity of four-layer packages of layers of a covering on its durability and stability was investigated, thus thickness of a covering was accepted by the invariable. It was established that distributions of tension and the maximum tension arising in coverings are identical, and the coefficient of a stock of the general stability increases with increase in number of packages of layers. And, the essential increase in coefficient of a stock of stability occurs only when using two packages of layers therefore when modeling coverings from bigger quantity of packages of layers it is recommended to use technical and economic calculations.

Gavrilov A.A., Morozov N.A., Vlasov U.L.
METHOD OF CALCULATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCY FOR CRANE BEAMS [№ 1 ' 2015]
This article describes a developed method analytical calculation of natural frequencies of suspended overhead cranes taking into account the changes of the middle surface of the bending and restrained torsion. Accounting changes the middle surface leads to the calculation scheme less rigid design and brings it to the real object. The analytical expressions for determining the values of the natural oscillation frequencies of one– and two-span crane beams. Compared the values of natural frequencies obtained by the developed method, with the finite element analysis using APM WinMachine and Autodesk Inventor. It was revealed that the discrepancy between the results of the calculations do not exceed 3% for the flexural vibrations and 10% for torsion, due to the lack of consideration of internal friction. It was found that the frequency of forced oscillations crane beams are quite close to their natural frequency. This allows the use of the resulting technique to eliminate the possibility of resonance in the construction crane beams and their elements.

Gavrilov A.A., Vlasov Y.L., Morozov N.A.
DYNAMIC MODEL OF RELATIVE BALANCE OF LIQUID IN THE TANKER AT UNIFORM MOTION ON THE CURVILINEAR SITE OF THE ROAD [№ 10 ' 2014]
The model of relative rest of liquid in tanker partially filled with liquid is developed at movement on a curvilinear site of the road, considering inertness of liquid. The equation of a free surface of liquid in a tanker is received. Coordinates of the center of mass of liquid and dependence of forces of inertia of liquid on the speed of a tanker, volume of the liquid filled in in it and the radius of curvature of turn are determined.

Gavrilova O.V.
CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF BACHELORS TRAINING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN HIGHER SCHOOL [№ 2 ' 2014]
The article considers the problems of teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic higher educational institutions related to educational and methodological resources, the organization of educational process; author offers a new concept of teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic institute on the basis of evidence-based reform of curricula, programmes, technologies and conditions of teaching foreign languages in the preparation of bachelors.

Gavrilov A.A., Morozov N.A., Vlasov U.L.
ESTIMATION OF THE STRENGTH OF THIN-WALLED RODS AT FLEXURAL VIBRATIONS USING A FICTITIOUS LOADS [№ 1 ' 2014]
The technique of estimation of the strength of thin-walled rods, performing free flexural vibrations. This method allows to determine the fictitious loads acting on the rods are in the process of vibrations, and data loads to carry out calculations the strength of static rods.

Vlasov Y.L., Morozov N.A., Gavrilov A.A.
DYNAMIC MODEL OF UNIFORM TRAFFIC TANKERS WITHOUT CROSS SEPTA WITH A PARTIALLY FILLED [№ 9 ' 2013]
A model of sustainability tank partially filled with water in the curved section of the road. The dependences of the coefficients of stability of the car on the volume of fluid and coordinates of the center of mass of liquid in the tank.

Tiganov A.S., Akopyan V.S., Gavrilova S.I., Semenova N.S., Fedorova Ya.B., Gurova Ye.V., Filonenko I.V.
THINNING OF RETINAL GANGLION CELLS LAYER IN PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE AND MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT: THE DIAGNOSTIC VALUE OF SPECTRAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY [№ 4 ' 2013]
This study included 10 patients (20 eyes) with Alzheimer's disease, 10 patients with mild cognitive impairment and 10 age– and sex-matched healthy controls that had no history of dementia. All the subjects underwent psychiatric examination and complete ophthalmological examination, comprising optical coherence tomography. There was a significant decrease in the macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness in patients with Alzheimer"s disease compared to the control group. Weak positive correlation of GCC thickness and psychiatric state was observed.

Gavrilov A.A., Morozov N.A.
THE STRENGTH AND STIFFNESS OF THIN-WALLED RODS AT FLEXURAL VIBRATIONS. [№ 4 ' 2012]
The technique of calculations of the strength of thin-walled rods, performing free flexural vibrations, taking into account the need for these rods stiffness. The dependence of the relationship between arising tensions and admissible deflections.

Gavrilov A.A., Kudina, L.I., Kucha G.V., Morozov N.A.
THE INFLUENCE OF SECTION GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS ON THE FREQUENCIES OF FREE FLEXURAL VIBRATIONS OF THIN STRAIGHT BARS [№ 5 ' 2011]
We studied the frequency and the main forms of free flexural vibrations of thin rods based on the theory that takes into account secondary shifts and rotational inertia of the sections. We used the boundary element method and determined the influence of the bar section characteristics as relative values on the frequencies of free oscillations. The comparison of calculation results with existing theories is provided.

Vlasov Yu.L., Morozov N.A., Bocharov I.A., Gavrilov A.A.
EFFECT OF DISPOSITION OF CARGO IN THE TRUCK BODY ON THE STABILITY OF THE CAR IN TURNS [№ 4 ' 2011]
The dynamical model of a laden truck in the turns, taking into account the asymmetrical arrangement of the cargo relative to the car body and tilts the car body is regarded in this paper. The dependence of the coefficients of stability of the car from the center of mass coordinates of the goods is determined.

Gavrilova I.K.
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESIGN SKILLS OF FUTURE ENGINEERS IN LINGUISTIC EDUCATION [№ 11 ' 2010]
The article, based on analysis of educational and methodical literature, clarifies the concept of "designing skills of future engineers in linguistic education" through actualization of value-semantic aspects of language education. The paper presents the results of the diagnostic study into the process of design skills development for the future engineers in linguistic education.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
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