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Orenburg State University january 17, 2022   RU/EN
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Dedeeva S.A., Lapaeva O.F.
INNOVATION AS A MAJOR FACTOR OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION OF IMPORT SUBSTITUTION [№ 8 ' 2015]
Russian agriculture, as well as all branches of the Russian economy requires a huge investment. From the capital invested in agriculture depends not only on the development of agriculture, but also the entire agricultural sector, as well as the development of infrastructure in rural areas and of course the solution of social problems in rural areas. In agriculture, there are a number of factors that hinder the stable growth of the innovation activity. These include: reducing the production of agricultural products; weak policy of the state; the high cost of new equipment and technologies; unfavorable investment situation of agriculture. To solve the problem of increasing the efficiency of agricultural production requires its modernization. In this connection it is necessary to solve the following tasks: to ensure the growth of investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector to private investors, both Russian and foreign; increase the growth rate of technical — technological re-equipment of agricultural enterprises and organizations; to develop and introduce new technologies based on innovation. To these objectives have been implemented, it is necessary to create a favorable climate for sustainable rural development. To do this, you need to implement a set of measures including the improvement of social infrastructure, the allocation of state and regional subsidies, in order to improve the living conditions of the village, increasing employment and rural incomes due to the various activities of both agricultural and non-agricultural (crafts, rural tourism, etc.). In addition, the need to improve land and tax legislation, c. mpetent to carry out anti-monopoly policy, c. eate associations and unions of agricultural organizations, to improve the information base and access to it, to maintain soil fertility. This will ensure the growth of competitiveness of Russian agricultural products and import substitution throughout the country, as well as to increase the profitability of agricultural enterprises and organizations.

Lapaeva O.F., Dedeeva S.A.
THE INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE ENERGY SECTOR IN TERMS OF IMPORT [№ 8 ' 2015]
Russian natural resource company focused primarily on designing the most cost-effective deposits, limiting investments in new technologies. This reduces the potential for long-term profitability, as a significant part of natural resources remains in the bowels. But in terms of Russia against Western sanctions, it is necessary to deploy high-tech and innovative sector of the economy, which will increase orders for local businesses and tax payments to the budgets of the regions. Technological innovations in the energy sector differ in their characteristics: they are used in extreme temperatures, in a remote and harsh environment, their use is characterized by high capital intensity. Purchasing new technologies abroad has resulted in a reduction in the number of experts involved in the development and implementation of new technologies, reduction of funding. But in terms of the introduction of Western sanctions, the only solution is the development of the domestic technological base. In Russia there are such companies that will be able to replace foreign companies with their products. In the development of import substitution need purposeful work between oil and gas companies and providers of innovation services, which should help the authorities of the regions. In modern conditions, when the decline began on the continental Russian oil reserves, a transition to the development of the Arctic deposits, which is impossible without innovative approaches. You need high-tech equipment and infrastructure. In addition, it is important to improve the tax legislation for companies entering the Russian shelves. In Russia the program of import substitution in critical technologies, equipment, materials and oilfield services.

Dedeeva S.A., Lapayeva O.F.
INNOVATIONS AS MAIN FACTOR OF DEVELOPMENT REGION AGRICULTURE [№ 4 ' 2015]
Innovative crisis of agro-industrial complex is connected with insufficient development of the scientific and technical direction in the sphere of agriculture. Now innovative process in agro-industrial complex has three complementary directions: development of the human capital, investment into continuous development of biological resources, creation of new technologies. As measures for support of the agricultural enterprises it is offered the following: to reconstruct structure of agricultural production for the purpose of adaptation of the enterprises to universal conditions; to develop and introduce quickly paid back and resource-saving equipment, and technologies; to enter incentive measures (tax subsidies and privileges) for agro-industrial cooperations and agricultural integration; to develop leasing and to increase efficiency of use of federal credit resources; to develop a state program on training of agricultural businessmen, which not less 1,6mln., and if they learn to use competently the earth, in the Russian Federation there will be a revival of agricultural branch; to increase efficiency of federal subsidizing of agro-industrial sector through reorientation of subsidies from the level of the producer of agricultural production for the level of her consumer. As an additional method of maintenance of agro-industrial complex it is necessary to begin use of an incentivization of assets and a value added tax to fuel and other agricultural resources. All this is possible when using new administrative techniques and other innovations in the management sphere.


[№ 10 ' 2008]

Lapaeva M.G., Dedeeva S.A.
ECONOMIC REFORMS IN RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE [№ 4 ' 2008]
The questions of agriculture development at reforms period: trends of social-economic transformations in agrarian sector, reasons of agricultural production crises are showed and necessity of wide state support of APC is proved, are regarded in this article.

Dedeeva S.A.
MODERN CONDITION OF RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE [№ 1 ' 2008]
The results of realization of national project “Development of agro-industrial complex” are given in this article, and also the analysis of general problems of Russian agriculture is conducted here.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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