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Orenburg State University january 20, 2022   RU/EN
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Chernyshev A.B.
CONFIGURATIONAL MODELS OF SPATIAL MEANINGS OF PREPOSITION “PRI” [№ 6 ' 2017]
The objective of this article is the analysis of spatial meanings of Russian preposition pri modeling both its principal semantic structure and fragment ‘space’ in the Russian language view of the world. To realize the objective the article describes a theory of spatial grammar, from which a concept of dynamical space associated with motion to the object through specific human perception is derived. According to I. Rock’s experiment it is concluded that the object that surrounds or in some other way dominates the other object tends to become a reference system and as such is perceived immovable. This experiment is likely to presume attribution of generic community relations to Nature and, therefore, personification of Nature. This peculiarity of world perception has the decisive influence on language reflection of motion and entails to project its model in semantics of prepositions. This model can be described within the grammar of spatial description. Under such approach a preposition is regarded as a relator in the given “scene”. The semantic net of the preposition is stipulated by a cognitive model, which means a schematic mental pattern intrinsic to the language unit. Among spatial configurations of preposition pri ‘domain of active source’ and ‘presence’ are derived. The analysis of spatial meanings of the preposition entails a conclusion that the preposition pri models a special type of spatial relations that presume embodiment of one object in the domain of the other one. This domain makes some limit of the described space, enabling to regard this second object as a source having a ‘putative’ activity.

Garitskaya M.Yu., Chekmareva O.V., Chernysheva K.S., Aleeva O.N.
EVALUATION OF CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION AND DEGRADATION OF SOILS IN THE INFLUENCE ZONE OF VAKHITOVSKY FIELD [№ 5 ' 2016]
Orenburg region is rich in minerals, the main ones are gas and oil, in its depths explored more than 2 500 deposits of 75 kinds of minerals, and in terms of reserves and mining region is among the leading group of regions of Russia, this industry has a significant impact on environment. Soil pollution by oil and oil products refers to a very popular type of negative anthropogenic impacts, especially in the industrial regions of Russia. A key element in the chain of the environmental impacts of oil pollution is a change in the species composition of vegetation and reducing its productivity until the complete destruction of all plants in the contaminated area. Investigated the problem of soil contamination in the zone of influence Vakhitovsky deposits (Orenburg region). Vakhitovskoe oil field is located in Perevolotskaya district, 32 kilometers north of the regional center Perevolotskiy.Mestorozhdenie was commissioned in 1995, is currently 20 wells listed in the mining fund. Soils were analyzed for the content of acid impurities, metals, benzo (a) pyrene, petroleum and pH. They were calculated: the concentration of pollutants, concentration ratio relative to the background impurities values in soil and soil contamination indicator chemical profiling using the method. Identify priority among the impurities of acidifying substances and metals. A ranking by total chemical pollution of soils, which showed that issleduyumuyu contact area at a distance of 1 500 meters from the source of pollution can be attributed to the zone of ecological emergency. Identify indicators phytotoxicity of soil from which it follows that the soil in the zone of influence in the fields Vakhitovsky rasstoryanii up to 1 500 meters are highly degraded.


[№ 10 ' 2008]

Chernyshyev A.A.
INNOVATION POLICY IS THE PRIORITY OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT [№ 10 (app.1) ' 2005]
The Orenburg region abounds in unique possibilities. The sustainable development of the region’s social and political and social processes, natural bosoms riches, maturity of transport infrastructure, economics’ energy saturation and the existence of experienced force substantiate our region’s investment attraction. Today’s task is to provide with stable rates of economic growth due to the creation of the manufacturing able to replace the import ones on the basis of science intensive technologies. Our main objective is to provide with fitting application of the regional scientists’ potential while fulfilling the state’s strategic plans, raise on the new stage of development. The regional leadership’s principal position is that a region’s science must become the most active guide of social development’s new strategy. As the result this will provide Russia’s transfer to innovation way of development.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
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