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Markova Т.О., Hovrina А.V., Bykovskaya N.V., Maslov M.V.
USING THE ACTIVITY APPROACH AT EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES ON BIOLOGY IN COREIDAE (HEMIPTERA) STUDYING [№ 1 ' 2020]
An active approach to learning is provided in the process of working with reliance on internal incentives and the maintenance of educational motivation and makes it possible to move to a relatively active and performing active (creative) level. This can be achieved by setting problematic creative tasks and specific tasks, during which students understand the material of the topic, enrich the experience and knowledge of scientific researchers. Thus, new knowledge is remembered by using to solve the set educational tasks, and interested students receive additional information. They show interest in the subject, read special literature, expanding their knowledge in the field of biology, while the development of abilities takes into account individual characteristics. To achieve the result, the teacher needs to provide a psychologically comfortable climate that contributes to the activation of cognitive activity of students, their inclusion in the work and the development of independence.
We have presented the author’s development of an event for secondary schools using an activity-based approach to teaching biology. Tasks: selection of a relevant research topic, collection of collection and photo material, familiarization with literary sources on the ecology of the regional fauna, development of methods for conducting the event, generalization of the results.
Such classes contribute to the formation of the student’s personality, his communicative preparedness, cognitive skills, interest and a positive attitude towards learning, creative thinking. The information presented can be used by biology teachers as a local history material in secondary schools as a regional component of the educational program.

Kvan O.V., Konstantinova Yu.A., Alyokhina G.P., Bykov A.V.
INFLUENCE OF PROBIOTIC PREPARATIONS ON BLOOD HEMATOLOGIC PARAMETERS OF LABORATORY ANIMALS [№ 6 ' 2017]
Recently, researchers in the world have become interested in symbiotic microorganisms and probiotic drugs based on them. As a result of numerous studies in this field, more and more new probiotic supplements are being created. And proceeding from these data, the goal of this study was formulated: to study the effect of strains of symbiont microflora on the hematological indices of the blood of laboratory animals. The work is aimed at studying the influence of probiotic drugs (sporobacterin, soybean-bifidum) on morphological and biochemical indicators of blood of laboratory animals of the Wistar line. Studies of the morphological parameters of the blood of experimental animals showed that the level of leukocytes in the first test group (sporobacterin) significantly exceeded the control n, in the second experimental group (soya-bifidum), a significant decrease in the index was observed. Of all the morphological parameters, significant changes were characterized by hemoglobin and platelets in the first experimental group. Thus, the hemoglobin level of the first test group significantly exceeded control. The content of platelets in the first test group also significantly exceeded the control group in two, in the second test group the content was within the normal range. Considering the biochemical indicators of the blood of experimental animals, it should be pointed out that the level of amylase and creatinine in the second experimental group significantly decreases with respect to control. On the parameters of the total protein, the changes were insignificant. The urea index in the second test group increased significantly, relative to control. The index of glucose content relative to the control group in both the first test group and in the second group decreased. The level of total cholesterol throughout the period was relatively stable and is close to the control values. Thus, the inclusion of probiotic drugs in the diet of animals improves carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. In the course of experimental studies, soybean bifidum has a positive effect on blood counts, and the administration of sporobacterin leads to an increase in the content of leukocytes, hemoglobin and platelets, which indicates the occurrence of an inflammatory process in the body of experimental animals.

Bykova E., Sogolovskaya E., Sotnikova T., Gabriel T.
ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN THE FACTORS OF NONSPECIFIC PROTECTION OF BIOLOGICAL FLUIDS IN VIRAL LESIONS OF THE EYES SURFACE [№ 12 ' 2015]
It is known that in adenoviral conjunctivitis, herpes and other infectious diseases in the human body increases the production of specific and nonspecific protection factors. Nonspecific factors include lysozyme (muramidase) and ceruloplasmin, which form together with other factors, antibacterial, antiviral and antiradical body protection (ABP, AVP, ARP). Adenoviral infection first develops in the nasopharynx, and then raises along tear duct, and involves in the pathological process the conjunctiva and lacrimal apparatus of the eye. The virus of herpes resides in the human body in a latent state and, periodically sharpening, causes ophthalmic herpes. Individual drugs used in ophthalmology for the treatment of viral infections (adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis and ophthalmic herpes), have the ability to inhibit the lysozyme activity (e.g., cycloferon, interferon and poludan). The enzyme activity of ceruloplasmin depends on the chemical structure of a drug and additionally introduced ingredients.

Milanovskiy E.Yu., Shein E.V., Rusanov A.M., Tygai Z. N., Il'in L.I., Zinchenko S.I., Fomin D.S., Bykova G.S.
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE ORGANIC MATTER CONTENT IN THE SOIL IN THE CENTRAL CHERNOZEM AGROLANDSCAPES [№ 6 ' 2015]
The study of the organic carbon and CaCO3 distribution of in the 80 m long transect crossing the field of agriculture and forest belt characteristic of the age showed significant differences in the distribution of organic and mineral carbon profiles in chernozems under the arable land and in the vicinity of the forest belt. This is due to a dominant role in the formation of hydrothermal conditions of reserves and the content of organic matter in the chernozem and points to the importance of assessing the physical conditions that lead to the formation conditions of accumulation of organic and inorganic carbon in soils, determining the conditions for the functioning of soil biota in steppe landscapes.

Rusanov A.M., Shein E.V., Milanovskiy E.Yu., Lazarev V.I., Tygai Z.N., Fomin D.S., Il'in L.I., Zinchenko S.I., Bykova G.S., Uкenov B.S.
FEATURES OF MIGRATION PROCESSES IN THE STEPPE LANDSCAPES SOIL UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF FOREST SHELTER BELTS [№ 6 ' 2015]
The study of the influence of forests in the steppe zone on the soil cover complexity formation is carried out by investigating the distribution of moisture and carbon organic matter and carbonates in the transect consisting of chernozems, underneath the forest shelter belts and under agricultural lands. It is primarily manifested through the formation of special hydrothermal conditions, arising under the forest belt, and entails the formation of stable soil properties such as organic carbon content.

Shein E.V., Milanovsky E.Yu., Khaydapova D.D., Bykova G.S., Yudina A.A., Chestnova V.V., Fomin D.S., Klyueva V.V.
MODERN INTRUMENTAL RESEARCH METHODS OF SOIL GRANULOMETRIC COMPOSITION, RHEOLOGICAL CHRACTERICTICS AND PROPERTIES OF SOIL OF SOLID PHASE SURFACE STUDIES [№ 6 ' 2015]
In soil science new tool measurements of distribution of particles by the sizes (laser diffraction), a contact corner of wetting, rheological characteristics, etc. get a wide circulation. Are considered given the corresponding parameters of the soil received by means of the modern equipment, results of researches are compared to data, obtained by means of classical methods. New tools and methods demand methodical works on delimitation of their applicability, optimum ranges, conditions of measurement and comparison with traditional methods of the soil. New devices the measuring particle size distribution (a laser difraktometriya), a contact corner of wetting, rheological characteristics, etc. with use of other methodical approaches find a wide circulation in soil science. Data on the corresponding soil parameters received on the new equipment, their comparison with the received classical methods are considered. New devices and methods demand big methodical work on establishment and identification of limits of their applicability, optimum ranges, conditions of measurements and their comparison with traditional soil methods.

Bykovskaya L.V., Andriyanova J.I., Tseiter E.V.
DIAGNOSTICS OF ELECTRIC CHAINS [№ 12 ' 2013]
The main methods which are used for electric chains' diagnostics are analyzed. The electric chains' diagnostics is the most important and intensively developed in parts of electrical engineering. The main advantages and disadvantages are analyzed and the most relevant are revealed.

Bykovskaya L.V., Karimov D.R.
THE RESEARCH METHODS OF DIFFENRENTIALING AND INTEGRATING CIRCUITS [№ 9 ' 2013]
The were researched the methods of forming of short peaky impulses from square-wave impulses by the differentiating circuits and saw-edged impulses with the integrating circuits. The were displayed the physical and virtual experiments results. Use of virtual experiment for modeling of differentiating and integrating chains is proved.

Ivanova A.P., Mezhueva L.V., Piskareva T.I., Gunko V.V., Bykov A.V.
DECOMPOSITION THE APPROACH TO RELIABILITY TECHNICAL SYSTEM [№ 10 ' 2011]
In article it is offered декомпозиционный the approach to research of reliability of technical systems in which basis elements of the system analysis lie. It allows to make a choice of priority directions by working out of reliable systems of mixing.

Bykov A.V., Mezhueva L.V., Ivanova A.P., Bykova L.A., Getmanova N.V.
MEANING OF REAGENTLESS WATER CLEANING AT THE REGULATION OF MACRO- AND MICROELEMENTS CHANGE IN ANIMALS' ORGANISM [№ 6 ' 2011]
The article presents the results of research aimed at developing and improving methods of water treatment, which can be used in the technologies of products with preset properties. For reagentless water treatment is proposed and justified the use of ultrasonic cavitation in conjunction with the freezing and thawing of water that allows you to adjust the content of organic and mineral impurities in it.

Bykov A.V., Mezhueva L.V., Miroshnikov S.A., Bykova L.A., Tyshchenko V.M.
PROSPECTS OF USE OF CAVITATION HYDROLYSIS OF NON-STARCH POLYSACCHARIDES [№ 4 ' 2011]
During the processing of grain into flour to 25–30% of the total weight of raw materials is waste flour production. Currently the known methods of recycling are not widely used. This article describes how to handle wheat bran, which allows reducing the amount of fiber and improve the indicators of the nutritional value of bran, which makes it possible to use them as a forage component.

Tyshchenko V.M, Bykov A.V.
WORKING OUT OF NON-POLLUTING TECHNOLOGY OF PROCESSING OF VEGETATIVE RAW MATERIALS ON THE BASIS OF THE ULTRASONIC CAVITATION [№ 12 ' 2010]
In article the production technology of pectin with application of a kislotno-cavitational way extraction is presented. Schedules of dependences of intensity of cavitational influence from level рН a solution and duration of hydrolysis are presented.

Ivanova А.P., Mezhueva L.V., Gunko V.V., Getmanova N.V., Bykov А.V.
ON INFLUENCE OF ENGINEER GEOMETRY ON FORECASTING THE RESULTS OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS [№ 5 ' 2010]
The article reviews industrial research, which made recommendations on the design of structural and geometric elements providing vibromixing process.

Bykov A.V., Miroshnikov S.A., Mezhueva L.V.
TO UNDERSTANDING OF THE CAVITATION PROCESSING ACTION ON THE PROPERTIES OF WASTE PRODUCTION [№ 12 ' 2009]
The article presents the results of cavitation processing of cellulose waste. The advantages of cavitation hydrolysis of cellulose waste and derived products in the food of farm animals are shown here. The destruction of the cell structure of plant material by cavitation effects to increase the bioavailability of components of raw materials is considered in this swork.


[№ 12 (app.1) ' 2005]


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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