Vestnik On-line
Orenburg State University may 21, 2022 RU/EN
Headings of Vestnik
Pedagogics
Psychology
Other

Search
Vak
Orcid
Viniti
Rsl
 Creative Commons

2015, №12(187)



Lyalin A.N., Korepanov A.V., Chernykh N.A., Chermak S.B. RESULTS OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF THE ACQUIRED MYOPIA USING SIMULATORS "ZENICA" AT THE SCHOOLThe onset and progression of school myopia is an acute social problem. Myopia affects about 35% of the world population, have high myopia observed in 7%. Causes of myopia in school age are intense visual loads at close range, wide spread of gadgets schoolchildren from 1class. According to inspection of schoolchildren 2nd and 3rd classes of a comprehensive school of Izhevsk it was found 29.8% of those with a myopic refraction. Visual acuity at myopes before treatment was0.41 and after treatment had risen to0.42. Moreover, full recovery of visual acuity to 1.0mentioned in 6.25% of cases (3eyes). In emmetropia at the beginning of observation, visual acuity was0.98, and in the end—0.96. After the course with TDO "Zenica" noted a significant increase in reserves accommodation 0.6diopters. Increase of resistance to defocusing for a distance— expansion of a focal zone with the resolution of 40% in emmetropia –7,0D and miopy— 5.75D. The use of TDO "Zenica" marked improvement of visual acuity in children with myopic refraction. In both groups resistance of visual acuity to defocusing for a distance with negative lenses increased. Therefore, resistance to a gipermetropichesky defocus which accelerates growth of an eyeball increased. Possibility of passive adaptation process refractogenesis exist throughout the "period of risk of formation of myopia". Therefore the courses of trainings directed on preservation of balance of visual loadings we recommend to carry out on a constant basis in an age interval from 6–7 to 18–25 years 2times within a year.Key words: school miopiya, TDO "Zenica", optiko-reflex trainings, results of treatment.

Download
References:

1. Avetisov S.E. Contemporary aspects of correction of refractive violations. // Ophthalm.bulletin.— 2004.-№ 1.— P. 19-22

2. Dashevsky A.I. False miopiya.— M of a.:meditsin 1973.— 151

3. Zharov V.V., Lyalin A.N., Egorova A.V. Optiko-reflektornaya therapy of adaptation miopiya,— Izhevsk: Knogograd, 2010,— 80s.

4. Kireeva N. V., Zharov V.V, Golikova E.V. Problem of school miopiya//Orenburg you universtit the Bulletin, No. 14 (133) of 2011.

5. Kuznetsova M.V. The reasons of developing of myopia and its treatment. M., Medpressinform.— 2004.— P. 38— 39, 110-112.

6. Tarutta E.P., Tarasova N. A. A comparative assessment of efficiency of various methods of treatment of disorders of accommodation and acquired progressing miopiya.//the Messenger of ophthalmology— 2015— No. 1-from 24-28.

7. Sheludchenko V.M. Evalution of visual perception at implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses with various presbiopic additive by results of visual acutty defocusing//the Messenger of ophthalmology 2012.-№ 1.— Page 19-22.


About this article

Authors: Chernyh N.A., Lyalin A.N., Korepanov A.V., Chermak S.B.

Year: 2015


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

Crossref
Cyberleninka
Doi
Europeanlibrary
Googleacademy
scienceindex
worldcat
: on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
,
: № 77-37678 29 2009 .
: ()
: ..
: 460018, . , , . 13, . 2335
./: (3532)37-27-78 E-mail: vestnik@mail.osu.ru
1999–2022 CIT OSU