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October 2015, № 10 (185)

Pavleychik V.M. FEATURES OF THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF THE LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK IN THE SOUTHERN URALS AND IN THE PRIURALIEBased on the concept of landscape-ecological framework proposed mapping and analytical foundation for sustainable environmental development and the formation of a promising system of protected areas Zavolzhsko-Uralskiy region. On the basis of data on the parameters of the elements of total areal landscape-ecological framework, a comparative analysis of the spatial structure, revealed differences of anthropogenic transformation of the natural environment in the Southern Urals and in the Priuralie. The information about the level protection of elements framework of the system federal and regional protected areas, suggests that the most important centers of conservation of landscape and biological diversity provided protection status for 20–25 % of Southern Urals and less than 10 % for the Priuralie. Poorly developed and low fragmentation of ecosystems of the mountain forest is a favorable condition for the formation of a network of protected areas. The proportion of protected "zones connectedness" is even less significant and is 7–8 % and 1%, respectively. For this category of framework necessary environmental compliance of use of natural resources combined with landscape and ecological optimization of the structure of land. Despite the active state environmental policy in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk and Orenburg regions, to ensure sustainable environmental development requires further development and improvement of related regional systems protected areas to ensure adequate protection of the elements of the landscape-ecological framework.Key words: landscape-ecological framework, protection of nature, the Southern Urals, Priuralie.


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About this article

Author: Pavleychik V.M.

Year: 2015

Sergey Aleksandrovich

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