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September 2015, № 9 (184)

Naumova T.V. YA.A. MILNERA-IRININ'S VIEWS IN DOMESTIC ETHICS OF THE MIDDLE OF THE XX CENTURYIt is important to address problems which were discussed in the domestic philosophy in the soviet period of XX century to restore the history of Russian philosophy. Marxism-Leninism was the official doctrine in the USSR during 70 years. No theory in any area of science especially in philosophy could be made public without referring to Marxism-Leninism. However deep critical studies in areas of ontology, gnoseology, aesthetics and ethics originated in Soviet philosophy. Including unorthodox conceptions of morality which appeared in The Soviet Union in spite of Marxist-Leninist ethics predominance. The theory of J.A. Milner-Irinin which he was working on during his whole life is examined in this article. The book "Ethics, or the Principles of True Humanness" is the result of his work. This book wasn't available for readers' eyes for several decades. Ideas expressed by the scientist on the subject, problems and categories of the ethics, on moral substance of the human being didn't fit in limits of the official Marxist-Leninist ethics. In the atmosphere of the fight with cosmopolitanism J.A. Milner-Irinin's work was subjected to severe and unfounded criticism in the forms of revelatory publications in newspapers and magazines, philosophical discussions and party meetings. These facts are confirmed by archival materials used in this article. Statements on moral principles phrased by J.A. Milner-Irinin in the middle of the last century can become an appeal to the broad modern audience which is getting introduced to the moral-philosophical reflections, to the audience aspiring to the higher level of the philosophical and human culture.Key words: Jakov Abramovich Milner-Irinin (1911—1989) — philosopher, Soviet philosophy, Marxism, dialectics, ethics, duty, moral ideal, conscience, good, evil, human being, humanism.


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About this article

Author: Naumova T.V.

Year: 2015

Sergey Aleksandrovich

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