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May 2015, № 5 (180)



Mihajlova A., Husnutdinova L.R. THE EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL COMPONENT IN INDUSTRIAL DESIGNIn article one of unique components of design — national component is considered. Relevance of the studied question in connection with transition of our society to a post-industrial form of development is reasoned. Authors apply phenomenal and geographical and synergetic approaches to creation of the main models of evolution of a national component in industrial design of the different countries. Graphic visualization of models of the different nations of design on the example of Japan, the USA, Germany, Italy and Scandinavia are applied. In total 6 models of national and international components in subject design of the XX century were allocated: constant of a national component (continuous existence of the bright national line in a shaping regardless of production type), expansion of a national component in international (the line of national shaping which main receptions become basis of industrial design), synchronization of national and international components (international often addresses to initial roots of national workmanship), replacement of a national component international (international becomes the main national component), a conglomerate of international and national components (national model which bears in itself a conglomerate of signs of two or several nations), autonomy of national and international components (the international and national directions in a shaping develop almost independently). The presented models of interaction of national and international components allow to see history of development of design through a prism of synergetic and also allow to see a national component not only as a phenomenon of the separate nations, but also as difficult multicomponent model.Key words: design history, historical method, polylinearity, synergetic.

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References:

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About this article

Author: Mihaylova A.S.

Year: 2015


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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