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Orenburg State University january 23, 2022   RU/EN
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Mukhina S.A., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova OV, Zimina I.S.
ETHNIC APPROACH IN THE SCHOOLCHILDREN NOTIONS FORMATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY [№ 5 ' 2018]
Environmental safety is a socio-natural and scientific reality, it is an object of study of various sciences: natural, social, legal, etc., as it covers a complex set of human relationships with the surrounding natural environment. The concept of environmental safety is a system of views, goals, principles and priorities, as well as political, economic, legal, administrative, scientific, technical, sanitary-epidemiological and educational actions based on them aimed at creating safe and favorable living conditions for the current and future generations of the population. Recently, the principle of familiarizing the younger generation with the origins of national culture from an early age with schools and families is not fully implemented: children do not know the national proverbs and sayings, riddles, tales, epics, traditions and customs. Current position ST. Shatsky that the forms, methods and means of the educational work of the modern school should be ethnopedagogically comprehended and instrumented. And it is natural that the teacher can acquaint students with the culture of all peoples living in the region to form various scientific concepts. In order to increase the level of knowledge on environmental safety among schoolchildren in the experimental group, we conducted lessons in the basics of life safety using ethnic material. We acquainted students with rituals, traditions, fairy tales, legends, songs of all peoples living in the region. In the experimental group, the positive dynamics of the knowledge on ecology and ecological safety was observed in comparison with the control group.

Zimina I.S., Demintseva O.A., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova O.V.
FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ READINESS FOR SAFE BEHAVIOR IN DANGEROUS SITUATIONS [№ 11 ' 2017]
This study was conducted to study the formation of students’ readiness for safe behavior in hazardous situations. The modern school should pay special attention to the development of a safe type of personality behavior using various means and methods. Everyone should be aware of the nature of the emergence and development of dangerous situations; know their strengths and dangers, overcoming opportunities; be able to properly look at the situation. The main goal of developing a personality of a safe type must be reduced to acquiring skills and abilities that allow them to correctly shape their behavior and thus reduce the level of outgoing threats, as well as to prevent the dangers that surround them in the modern world. We conducted experimental studies of pupils in grades 5-9 of the general education schools of the Republic of Mari El, in all — 129 people (grade 5 — 21 students, 6 class — 17 students, 7 class — 23 students, 8 class — 44 students; 9th grade — 24 students). The diagnostic results determined the level of knowledge of schoolchildren on the basics of life safety, as well as the dominant types of personality response in situations: adequate, anxious, ignoring and uncertain. Undefined type among schoolchildren during the study we found. We observed the following correlation: schoolchildren with a low level of knowledge of the basics of safe behavior exhibit disturbing and ignoring types of behavior in dangerous situations. Thus, special importance in the formation of the personality of a safe type of behavior belongs to the period of schooling, in the course of educational and extra-curricular activities, teachers need to use various means and methods for this. The person of a safe type of behavior must have the skills and abilities to correctly build their behavior and thus reduce the level of threats emanating from themselves, as well as to prevent the dangers surrounding the person in the modern world.

Zimina I.S., Gavrilova M.N., Polozova O.V., Mukhina S.A.
THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING ON ADAPTATION INDICATORS STUDENTS [№ 6 ' 2016]
Adaptation resources of the human body largely determine the state of its health, not only physical but also psychological one. In conventional medicine the concept of health emphasizes the importance of perceived health, one component of which is welfare. Well-being along with happiness, satisfaction, comfort are the socio-psychological characteristics related to subjectively experienced processes of human life. The concept of "individual well-being" includes social, spiritual, physical, material, and psychological components. This involves the implementation of physical and spiritual human capabilities. The value of the sense of well-being is the basis of mental health, which is a basic phenomenon of human health. The realization of a person's own resources is impossible without psychological resistance. And as a consequence, it is impossible to feel satisfied with the process of self-realization and have a sense of well-being. In pedagogics of the higher school causes of psycho-pedagogical nature, making it difficult to master the specific learning activities, conditions for socio-psychological adaptation of students to educational process are not sufficiently disclosed. In the study it was found that students reduced the mechanisms of adaptation, as indicated by a low level of psychological well-being among boys and girls; decline in cardio-respiratory reserve; marked acceleration of the value of the "individual minute" in the majority of women; low stress in boys-mediated decrease in the level of activity. The work concluded that the increase in the level of compensatory-adaptive mechanisms in the 1st year students should be implemented on the basis of improvement of life conditions and the creation of educational health care environment.

Balashevich L.I., Kachanov A.B., Varavka A.A., Bauer S.M., Zimin B.A.
CLINICAL ABERROMETRY AT LENS PATHOLOGY [№ 4 ' 2013]
The authors described Hartmann-Schek aberrometric changes in patients with nuclear and cortical cataract and also in patients with lens subluxation. The authors confirmed, that vertical coma is a very important aberrometric sign in patients with lens subluxation.

Kachanov A.B., Balashevich L.I., Bauer S.M., Zimin B.A., Novak Ya.N.
TONOMETRIC IOP INDICATORS AFTER LASIK SURGERY FOR MYOPIA [№ 4 ' 2013]
Myopic LASIK provokes to decreasing of central corneal thickness and correlates with the post-LASIK reducing of pneumotonometry and Maklakoff tonometry. The authors confirmed, that pneumotonometry data reducing more faster, than Maklakoff one, but there is statistical significant reducing of tonometric IOP in both cases.

Bashirova R.M., Gritsaenko D.I., Kudashkina N.V., Timerbaeva G.R., Zimin Yu.S.
LADYBELL LILYLEAVED ADENOPHORA LILIFOLIA (L.) A.DC AS A SOURCE OF PECTIN [№ 6 ' 2009]


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
Главный редактор: С.А. Мирошников
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