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Orenburg State University january 18, 2022 RU/EN
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Semenova I.N., Kuzhina G.Sh., Seregina Y.Y., Yagafarova G.A., Zulkarnaev A.B., Musin Kh.G.
USE OF PLANT TEST SYSTEMS TO ASSESS THE TOXICITY OF BOTTOM SEDIMENTS [№ 10 ' 2015]
This article is devoted to research the variability of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Cd, Pb, Co, Ni, Mn) in sediments of r. Belaja on the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan of Beloretsk district. The study of metals in their average content in the sediment form the following decreasing number of elements: Fe>Mn> Zn> Ni> Cu>Pb> Co> Cd. The concentration of Cu, Zn, Cd, Fe, Ni, Co in the sediments of the river exceeded the value of background: opper— in the 6–15times, zinc— in the 13–20times, cadmium— in the 10–13times, nickel— in the 1.5times, iron— in the 9–11times, cobalt— in the 155–185times, lead— in the 1.6times. The concentration of manganese in all soils studied watercourse was within the geochemical background. Total index of contamination ranged from 201 to 243. The evaluation of the toxicity of the river sediments were determined by bioassay using the seeds of Lepidium sativumL., Raphanus sativusL., Triticum aestivumL. Learned test systems according to the degree of sensitivity can be arranged in the following decreasing series: Lepidium sativumL.> Raphanus sativusL.> Triticum aestivumL. The greatest sensitivity to contamination had such a test responses as seed germination and seedling root length. In this paper, the connection between the content of heavy metals in bottom sediments exceeding the geochemical background, and a manifestation of the properties of the indicator: increase in the concentration of copper and nickel inhibits seed germination, root length, and seedling dry weight of the plant model. The use of these plant test systems allowed to conclude that the studied soils of r.Belaja are moderately toxic pollution degree, except for the alignment after the confluence r. Tirlyan characterized by narrow riverbed and, as a consequence, increase the speed of its flow with a predominance of the processes leaching of toxic elements from the sediments.

Seregin ..
ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF MODEL OF PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT WITH LIMITED PRODUCT RANGE [№ 1 ' 2012]
The author presented a general statement of the problem of constructing structural models of the stage of "exploitation" of technological equipment and gave empirical data to reduce the technological precision of large and heavy machines locomotive factories. On the basis of long-term observations the author suggested structural model of the "exploitation" stage of machines and devices.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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: on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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: № 77-37678 29 2009 .
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