GEO-ECOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL-ECONOMIC THE INTERPRETATION OF TERMINOLOGICAL DEFINITIONS OF VIRGIN OF REGIONALISTICS [№ 10 ' 2015]
In the paradigm of the conceptual and terminological interpretations of the virgin of the science of the best designed and synthesized conceptual framework in the framework of soil science and environmental Sciences. Meanwhile, from the scientific viewpoint of Geoecology and steppe science data concepts and terminology design is not sufficiently developed and systematized, are not clearly formulated, scientifically-regulated and universalize itself the notion of a virgin soil. The development of virgin landsš— the process of interaction between nature and society within the geographical frame of the territory, as the result of which was formed of virgin space with specific features characteristic of land use and agro-ecological and socio-economic characteristics. In the context of Geoecology and nature management of virgin space is a set and the combination of specific forms of land use and management, agro-ecological and socio-economic processes, resulting from new land development occurring in a particular area and developing over time. Within the framework of administrative-territorial differentiation of virgin space, have become widespread notion of a virgin area which has continued to the present time. Meanwhile, there is a contradiction in the definition of criteria and indicators "of zelenochi" areas, based on the definition of the dominant characteristics of their modern identity. In postcalendar agricultural space in the region for 20 years there have been significant changes. In 6 of the 9 former virgin areas markedly reduced the sown area to the size of the early 50-ies. In economic types of agricultural landscapes in these areas are everywhere in the lands and pastures there is a spontaneous recovery quasiperiodic ecosystems. In this regard, on the basis of the criteria developed within the boundaries of the administrative-territorial districts are encouraged differentiation of virgin space allocation postalannex (socio-economic and agroecological criteria most similar to old) and quasicylinder, where a new political and economic conditions spontaneously transformed into deposits of 40-60% of arable wedge not addressed socio-economic and environmental problems.
Semenova V.E., Semenov E.A.
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ETHNO-ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN NATURE AND SOCIETY [№ 10 ' 2015]
Optimization of natural resources, protecting the natural environment from destructive human impact is one of the main directions of Geoecology, economic, and social ecology. An important component of research is the study of ethnic specificity of the interaction of nature and society that allows you to determine the best form of coexistence and functioning of various peoples in the surrounding geographic environment. The impact of the surrounding landscapeš— one of the most important, at the same time, not entirely studied determinants of thinking, lifestyle, culture, economic activities and way of life of human communities. The need to fit in with the surrounding landscape causes people to develop a set of specific habits, which together add up to a particular landscape pattern. It becomes "second nature" of man and the main feature of his ethnicity. The first meaningful scientific approaches on the issue of ethnic specificity of the interaction between nature and society in the 18thšcentury. Widely known works of the classical deterministic influence of natural environment in the life of Nations, Montesquieu and J.šHerder. Scientists of the late 19th and early 20thšcentury, Vidal de La Blanche and F.šRatzel, A.šI.šVoeikov and S.šM.šShirokogorov. In the second polovie of the 20thšcentury and now a significant contribution to the study of problems of ethnic ecology, ethnic relations between communities and natural habitats, was made by Russian scientists: V.šP.šAlekseev, Y.šV.šBromley, L.šN.šGumilev, V.šI.šKozlov domestic and foreign, and D.šSteward and E.šHuntington. Important conceptual and theoretical direction of the study of relations between ethnic communities of people, and the natural environment their habitat is the concept of economic-cultural types of M.šG.šLevin and N.šN.šCheboksarova, the theory of "anthropogenesis" V.šP.šAlekseev, the concept of atmogeochemical and interaction mechanisms in the system landscapeš— ethnos by L.šN.šGumilev and conceptual framework of ethnic ecology, developed by V.šI.šKozlov.
Chibilyov A.A. (jr.), Semenov E.A., Grigorevsky D.V.
REGIONAL FEATURES OF NATURAL RESOURCE USE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE ORENBURG REGION [№ 10 ' 2015]
Today, in the current socio-economic and environmental situation in the Orenburg region as the main directions of use of the natural resources of protected areas, conservation landscapes and biodiversity was chosen to create science-based network of Specially Protected Natural Areas. Identification of natural areas valuable in economic, scientific, educational and recreational initiated in respect of the area in the 60s. Of particular importance to the work on the identification of protected areas acquired during the transition period to a market economy. It is worth noting that today, in the Orenburg region most of the natural resources, involving intensive recreational development, accounts for protected areas. This situation is caused by their inherent special mode of management, to avoid the negative human interventions, agricultural and industrial development, promoting conservation of landscape aesthetics and recreational attractiveness of the area. With the existing imbalances accommodation facilities of recreation and tourism in the Orenburg region, it is important to emphasize that the current level of development of recreation in most areas of the Orenburg region is quite low compared to the potential. The article describes the characteristics of protected areas, assesses their recreational resources, the analysis of the characteristics of the natural resources of the region in terms of their use of the recreational potential and perspectives of the organization of new forms of protected areas, formulate conclusions and recommendations on the rational use of natural resources.
Semyonov E.A., Akhmetov R.Sh.
SPACE-TIME TRANSFORMATION OF THE RURAL SETTLING IN THE ORENBURG REGION [№ 7 ' 2015]
Of the Orenburg region for a 25 year period of spatial transformation rural settling. This research identifies the main factors that reflect the spatial patterns and trends in agrarian settlement. In the course of research some significant intraregional dynamics for rural municipal administrative-territorial formations was revealed provided that the average density of rural population in the whole area had not changed. Center-periphery gradients have begun to dominate and grow in their density since the early 1990-ies under the influence of market factors and agglomeration effect of the regional center in the rural settling of the region. On the basis of a large array of statistical information this research demonstrates the spatial texture of those changes. It has been established that there is a "compression" and fragmentation of the extra-urban space with further formation for areas of rural population concentration and agricultural areas as well as sustainable reduction and its agrarian depression. Reasons for the current dynamics of agricultural settlement transformation have been explained. The dominance of Orenburg as a carrier of the regional capital administrative status, the concentration of a variety of social functions, better infrastructure and higher economic activity are conditioning factors, which attract rural population of the semi-periphery and periphery areas. The dynamic trend of changes in the hierarchical structure of rural settlements was set. Agrarian population is increasingly concentrated in larger settlements with the potential development. Transport accessibility, urban agglomeration effect play an important role. As a result, currently 26š% of the rural population live in the district centers, and more than 65š% of the villagers live in settlements with a population of more than a thousand people.
Gerasimenko T.I., Semenov E.A.
ECONOMIC-GEOGRAPHICAL AND GEOPOLITICAL POSITION AS INTEGRAL SPATIAL CATEGORY [№ 1 ' 2015]
The role of economic-geographical and geopolitical position in the development of territories is extremely high; it is not a coincidence that there exists the term "pressure of location" or "positional pressure", introduced by B.B. Rodomanov. The positional principle lies as a fundamental one in geography. Properties of economic-geographical and geopolitical position as the important integral spatial category, their peculiarities allow estimating the location of a particular region or a country in the geo-economic and geopolitical space. EGP and GPP are not only important categories; they underlie some central teachings of the economic and geographical science. Classical scholars of Russian economic geography — N.N. Baransky, V.V. Pokshishevsky, I.M. Maergoiz — developed the foundations of the doctrine of EGP and methods of its evaluation. The doctrine was further developed in the works of contemporary authors, being reflected in the submitted article. Considering these categories is necessary when creating strategies for socio-economic development of territories and territorial planning schemes, as well as the choice of geopolitical and geo-economic preferences. In addition to such important elements of EGP as transport and geographical, industrial and geographical, recreational and geographical, geo-demographic and other characteristics, such new features as financial and geographical, innovative and geographical, agglomerative and geographical position take on special significance in terms of modern post-industrial economy, the rise of globalization and integration, modernization and diffusion of innovations, economic space compression, increasing importance of institutional factors and mobility production. The main properties of geographic location are, first of all, its historic character. It is subject to the dynamics under the influence of various factors. Secondly, it is potential (probabilistic) nature of EGP, which gives opportunities for development, but does not predetermine it. Thirdly, the remote nature of EGP optimizes logistics schemes. The influence on the EGP and GLP on territorial structure, the nature and direction of the external socio-economic relations in the region is great.
Semenov A.A., Pivovarov V.V.
IMPACT ASSESSMENT ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ON AIRCRAFRT ANTENNA SYSTEMS (FOR BOEING 737) [№ 10 ' 2014]
Research the influence of the powerful electromagnetic pulse of a nuclear explosion on radio communication and navigation antenna-feeder devices aircraft. First proposed methodology for assessing the impact of high-power pulses for different types of on-board antennas: dipole, aperture and frameworks. Defined antenna systems that are particularly susceptible to the influence of strong electromagnetic fields.
Bulatov V.N., Khudorozhkov O.V., Semeonov A.P.
TECHNIQUE OF THE DIGITAL SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF SIGNAL WITH IRREGULAR SAMPLES ON TIME [№ 9 ' 2014]
In article the technique of drawing up of a polynomial on samples of values of a signal with non-uniform digitization on a final interval of time is presented. For an approximating polynomial expression of spectral density is resulted and on its basis expression line a spectrum for the registered file loadout a signal with irregular digitization is formed. The made technique allows to make the digital spectral analysis of signals for discrete transformation Fourier with non-uniform sample on time of their values.
Rusanov A.M., Semenov E.A.
STRUCTURAL AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION AGRICULTURE AS A FACTOR OF NATURAL RECOVER AGROLANDSCAPES ORENBURG REGION [№ 6 ' 2014]
The processes of the scale and spatial-temporal and structural transformation of agriculture in the Orenburg region. According to statistical information, research and expertise, based on economic and geographical analysis of the transformation of the agrarian sector in the region, defined contours and natural recovery factors agrolandscapes Orenburg region.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES POTENTIAL FOR THE ORENBURG REGION [№ 10 ' 2013]
This paper analyses the natural resource potential of the Orenburg region, its importance in the socio-economic development of the region and the region's place in the territorial division of labor. The size and the spatial distribution of natural resources are given. The factors of economic evaluation and perspectives for rational and efficient use of natural resources in the region are defined.
VIRGIN LANDS DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA AND KAZAKHSTAN: BACKGROUND AND ECONOMIC RESULTS [№ 13 ' 2012]
The article describes the background and scope of virgin lands development in Russia and Kazakhstan. The analytical perspective of economic results for virgin lands development is presented in accordance with statistics, research data and expert evaluation. The causes and factors of economic inefficiency for agricultural production in most areas of virgin lands sector are identified.
METHOD OF BACTERIA ANTAGONIST ACTIVITY INCREASE [№ 6 ' 2007]
The method of bacteria antagonist activity increase based on activation of antagonist with components of culture regarding to which antagonism increase is obtained, is shown in this article. At using as an indicated culture S. aureus, the fragments of its cell wall which can be used for strengthening of antagonist action of probiothics and representatives of indiguen flora of organism have more expressed ability to increase antagonism.