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Orenburg State University january 20, 2022   RU/EN
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Sizova E.A., Romanova A.P., Umrihina V.V
THE USE OF FLUCTUATING ASYMMETRY ALBURNUS ALBURNUS AND RANA RIDIBUNDA TO EVALUATE THE QUALITY OF THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT [№ 8 ' 2017]
Rivers of the Orenburg region are susceptible to the emergence of various environmental problems, as experienced significant anthropogenic and technogenic load. To date, the shortcomings in the system for monitoring ecological status of water bodies, which is based only on the determination of pollutants and their comparison with maximum permissible concentrations, is pretty obvious, and more preference is given to biological methods of assessing the state of the environment. Biological assessment can be implemented through the use of organisms-bioindicators, which in this work are Alburnus alburnus and Rana ridibunda. Analysis of stability of development of morphological structures of these animals allows you to set the class of water quality in the studied reservoirs according to the index, CAP (the number of asymmetric manifestations on the symptom). During the selection of animals a class of water quality in the river Sakmara and the Ural river at the study sites. The results of a study of fluctuating asymmetry showed class 3 of water quality (polluted) with index CAP 0.4 and 0.58 for Alburnus alburnus and Rana ridibunda, respectively, in the control points, which was the plot of the Sakmara river near the village of Lenin and the land of the Ural river in the vicinity of the pedestrian bridge on the “Promenade” of the city of Orenburg. And 4 and 5 grade quality (dirty and very dirty) with index CAP from 0.47 to 0.6 for Alburnus alburnus and from 0.61 to 0.73 for Rana ridibunda in the areas of the Sakmara river near the railway bridge within the boundaries of the village Berdy and near the road bridge on St. Brothers korostelevyh, as well as the territories of the Ural river near the railway bridge in the Central Area of Orenburg in close proximity to garden Association “Gazovik” and in the area of road bridge, located on Country road. The data obtained demonstrate the possibility of using fluctuating asymmetry to evaluate the ecological status of the water environment.

Debelo P.V., Stepanov A.S., Stepanova I.A., Romanova A.S.
SPECIES COMPOSITION, DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF WATERFOWL ZHETYKOLSKOGO SHALKAR-LAKE REGION OF EAST ORENBURG (KEY ORNITHOLOGICAL TERRITORY OF RU-217, OB-002) [№ 11 ' 2016]
Wetlands in the region has long been known as a place for mass nesting and stopover for more than 50 species of waterfowl. In recent years, interest in the region has increased due to the worsening problems of the protection of the global flight routes and conservation of endangered species, because due to the increasing aridity of the territory of its waters gained value peculiar critical habitats and nodal points on the paths of migratory flows waterfowl extensive the Middle Region of Northern Eurasia. The paper summarizes the literature, departmental and personal material on the dynamics of species composition, the nature of the host, distribution and abundance of waterfowl in the region in recent decades, which can be used in the development of a set of measures aimed at optimizing the use of bio-resources of the region and the preservation of its biodiversity.

Debelo P.V., Stepanov A.S., Stepanova I.A., Romanova A.S.
SOME ECOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE DYNAMICS OF THE COMPOSITION AND ABUNDANCE OF WATERFOWL EAST ORENBURG (KEY ORNITHOLOGICAL TERRITORY OF RU-217, OB-002) [№ 10 ' 2016]
Reservoirs East Orenburg are nesting and staging numerous waterfowl on an important migration route for the transcontinental Northern Eurasia. It found 56 species stay of 6 units, of which 3 (5.3 %) are considered as vagrants, 15 (26.8 %) occurred during seasonal migrations, for 36 (64.3 %) species are known meeting in breeding season nature and stay two (3.6 %) is not set. The article summarizes the literature, departmental and personal materials to change the species composition, the nature of the host, distribution and abundance of waterfowl in the region over the past two decades. This information can be the basis for developing a set of measures aimed at optimizing the use of bio-resources area and the preservation of its biodiversity.

Kuksanov V.F., Debelov P.V., Ishanova O.S., Kozlova Y.A., Romanov A.S.
EKOLOGICHESKAYA CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER QUALITY IN MAJOR LAKES OF THE FAR EAST DISTRICT OF THE ORENBURG REGION [№ 9 ' 2015]
Accumulation of chemical elements and their receipt in objects of environment are result of industrial and agricultural activity of the person. At the same time, the significant role in pollution of environments is rendered by natural factors, especially in places of concentration of deposits of mineral resources, in particular copper колчедановых, nickel ores. Studying of the quantitative content of harmful chemical impurity in water objects, in particular in the territory of the Svetlinsky region of the Orenburg region having deficiency in fresh water wasn't carried out in connection with a lack of ecological information on an assessment of a surface water of the main lakes of the area, otsutstvy long-term plans of their use in the production, economic and household and recreational purposes earlier. For the solution of this problem authors conducted hydrochemical research of waters of the main lakes of the Svetlinsky region of the Orenburg region in 2010 and 2015, the analysis of the received results is made and the ecological assessment of these water resources is for the first time given. In article the arisen reasons (natural and anthropogenous factors) having negative impact on qualitative composition of lake water are also considered. Water resources of the Svetlinsky region of the Orenburg region include, first of all a network of drainless lakes of the large, average and small size. Are most significant lakes: Shalkar-Ega-Kara, Zhetykol, Obalykol, Kayrankol. These and other lakes are of special value for the nesting and flying natatorial  — swans, geese, ducks and other representatives of aviafauna. Hydrochemical indicators of quality of lake waters according to the content of sulfates, chlorides, ammoniyny nitrogen, oil products and other substances exceed the maximum-permissible concentration (MPC). The majority of lakes in adverse weather conditions (2013—2014) completely or partially dried up that testifies to need of carrying out on them environmental monitoring.

Romanova O.A., Akberdina V.V., Buhvalov N.U.
METHODOLOGY OF HARMONIZATION OF STRUCTURAL TERRITORIAL AND SECTORAL CHANGES IN THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM [№ 8 ' 2015]
The article presents the results of methodological research and its practical implementation concerning with issues of structural harmonization of territorial and sectoral changes in the economic system. The authors discuss a key global trend of a new industrialization. The authors put forward hypotheses about structural stability of regional economic system, formulated certain provisions of the methodology based on the evaluation of resonant response of the economic system to control actions in the form of mechanisms of industrial policy, serving as a catalyst for economic development. As the main approach there is a synergy that includes the resonant methods of management of economic systems. The article presents the experience of the Institute of Economics, Ural branch of RAS on territorial and sectoral integration of socio-economic indicators on the example of the Middle Urals, including the development of criteria, matrix of the pairing and automated software system. The authors proved the fundamental and strategic principles of the methodology of harmonization of territorial and sectoral development, the risks, the elasticities when pairing jobs in the process of formation of the high-tech sector. The authors substantiate the choice of territory for placing of objects of new construction from the viewpoint of its functional applications, which requires consistent implementation of a comprehensive assessment of the relative attractiveness of the territories. This assessment is to determine upon the basis of integration of ratings on individual factors, among which the authors included: the level of engineering arrangement of territory, accessibility, availability and quality of labour resources, level of social infrastructure development, etc. In the article the author presents calculations of the main indicators of placing of objects of new construction and modernization on the territory of the Middle Urals in the two alternative scenarios — the inertial and target. This article was prepared with support from the basic research program of UB RAS № 15-14-7-5 "Regional Economics of the institutions of innovative development".

Romanova О.А., Makarov E.V.
EFFECTIVENESS EVALUATION OF ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION ON METALS MARKET [№ 9 ' 2014]
In the article the necessity of the development of methodology for assessing the efficiency of integration of metal producers and metal traders is justified. Key figures for the evaluation system integration are identified. Expediency step by step integration method in the metals market is justified. Based on the concept of entropy approach proposed universal model for evaluating the effectiveness of integration and identify the optimal trajectory of the integration process as a sequence of horizontal and vertical integration steps.

Romanov V.V., Ablitsova M.Yu.
ECONOMIC-ORGANIZATION MECHANISM OF CREATION INVESTMENT PROGRAM FOR ELECTRONETWORK ENTERPRISES [№ 13 ' 2012]
It was considered economic-organization mechanism of creation investment program for electric companies defined a roadmap for its effect on the investment program. Proposed recommendations for improving economic-organizing mechanism of formation investment program for electricity networks, directed at the enterprise's development in power industry.

Zakharenko K.A., Romanov V.V.
ABOUT INFLUENCE OF COLONIAL HABITATION OF BLACK-HEADED GULLS ON PECULIARITIES OF CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF SOIL IN CONDITIONS OF VLADIMIR AREA [№ 6 ' 2009]

Romanov V.V.
COMPLEX APPRAISAL OF BASIC PRODUCTION ASSETS USING OF AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS ENTERPRISES [№ 1 ' 2009]
The analysis of groups of usage indexes of basic production assets (BPA) is given in this article. General peculiarities of BPA using of aircraft electrical system enterprises are determined here. Existing classification of BPA with accounting of distinguished peculiarities of aircraft electrical complex is enlarged in this work. New principals of grouping of indexes of basic production assets using of aircraft electrical system are suggested here.

Romanov V.V.
METHODICAL BASES OF EFFECTIVENESS APPRAISAL OF ELECTRIC MAINS ENTERPRISES’ FIXED ASSETS USING [№ 11 ' 2007]
The analysis of conditions of regional electric mains enterprises is given in this article. General tendencies and perspectives of electric mains companies’ development are determined here. Also new indexes of appraisal of fixed assets using effectiveness, which are necessary for comparison of intensity of electric mains enterprises’ fixed assets using are suggested. Using of given indexes in again formed situations in electrical supply network complex is proved in this work. The author suggests method of appraisal of fixed assets using effectiveness of electric means enterprises.

Romanova K.A.
ECOLOGICAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF A MAN – VALUE ORIENTATION OF TIME [№ 5 ' 2007]
The author of the article suggests her own opinion on the most important ecological problem of contemporaneity: it is possible to solve ecological crisis situation at the main condition which is forming of ecological consciousness of a man based on humanistic approach to the nature. Responsibility of a man for the planet fate is a new value reference point for humanity, new world outlook paradigm.

Romanov V.V.
ANALYSIS OF INTEGRATION VARIANTS OF ENERGY COMPANIES AND MUNICIPAL ENERGY PROPERTIES [№ 2 ' 2007]
The analysis of electrical supply network complex of two regions: Orenburg region and Republic of Moldova is given in this article. Variants of this situation solution are regarded here. More possible and acceptable solutions, responded to interests of all participants of electrical supply network business are suggested. Effectiveness of reorganizations conducting in this branch is determined in this work.

Romanova I.V.
ABOUT CERTAIN PECULIARITIES OF POETIC SYNTAX OF I.BRODSKIY [№ 11 ' 2006]
The poetic syntax of Brodskiy is characterized by disharmony tendency. The bright means of expressing it are "enjambement" and syntactic curtailment. Brodskiy resorts to the use of "enjambement" twice as often compared to the average parameter for Russian and European poetry. With him the simplest form appears to be the rarest, the most complicated – the most wide-spread. "Enjambement" becomes not only a powerful means of poetic expression, but also begins to perform communicative function.

Romanov S.V., Krasikov S.I., Lajzerman V.G., Gareeva T.N., Bugrova O.V.
INFLUENCE OF HYPOBARIC HYPOXIA ON THE CONDITION OF FUNCTION OF EXTERNAL RESPIRATION AT PATIENTS WITH THE BRONCHIAL ASTHMA [№ 9 ' 2004]
The dynamics of function of external respiration was studied at patients with a bronchial asthma with light and average persistent course at passage of a course of hypobarotherapy. The vital capacity of lungs (VCL) was investigated and the parameters connected with forced VCL - peak volumetric speed of an exhaled air stream, the maximal and average volumetric speeds of an exhaled air stream at elimination 25 %, 50 %and 75 %of vital capacity of lungs. The course of hypobarotherapy included 25 daily sessions of hypoxic trainings with conditions of a pressure chamber during 1,5 hours. Deficiency of an oxygen was created gradualiy (from a session to a session) by decrease of atmospheric pressure to the values equivalent to rise on 3500 meters above the sea level. Authentic optimization of parameters of function of external respiration was ascertained describing a condition of bronchial conductivity at patients with a bronchial asthma with light persistent course. At average persistent course the opposite shifts of parameters of function of external respiration were marked at absence of deterioration of a clinical picture. It specifies the expediency of hypobarotherapy use in complex treatment of bronchial asthmas with light persistent course and the further studying of an opportunity of use of a method for treatment of patients with other variants of disease. Key words: adaptation, a bronchial asthma, external respiration, hypobarotherapy, Н2О2 - sensor controls.

Romanova T.V.
ABOUT THE MAINTENANCE OF CONCEPT THE CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT (V. ASTAFIEV "ZABUBENNAYA GOLOVUSHKA") [№ 1 ' 2004]
The conceptual structure of the text is examined in the article. The conceptual structure of the text in its thesaurus representation includes the elements of the composition, which are taking place in strong positions of the text (heading, rematic position, position of repetition, etc.). The purpose of the article is the interpretation of the text contents of heading concept головушка (actually linguistic embodiment of concept is considered) and definition of the conceptual form. As means of revealing of the conceptual contents seme - sememe analysis serves of a lexico-semantic field with a dominant zabubennaja golovushka and the analysis of motivational - pragmatical aims of the author (speech tactics and strategy), determining the dynamics of conceptual structure of the text formation. As a result of the carried out analysis the author of the article comes to the following conclusions: 1) in the basis of heading concept formation of the examined text the concept lays of the prototype as which the sample acts, a characteristic example, private model; 2) heading - is a key to conceptual structure of the text; analyzing the conceptual structure of the text it is expedient to use the concepts concept - minimum (the maintenance and volume of concept - title on an input, before reading) and concept - maximum - on an output, after reading.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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